Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
8-Chloroadenosine in Combination With Venetoclax for the Treatment of Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase I trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of a new 8-chloroadenosine in combination with venetoclax in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). 8-Chloroadenosine may help block the formation of growths that may become cancer. Venetoclax is in a class of medications called B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) inhibitors. It may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking Bcl-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Giving 8-chloroadenosine in combination with venetoclax may help prevent the disease from coming back in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
I. Evaluate the safety and tolerability of a regimen combining 8-chloro-adenosine (8-Cl-Ado) and venetoclax in patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including type, frequency, severity, attribution, and duration of the toxicity.
II. Establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of 8-Cl-Ado when given in combination with venetoclax.
I. Obtain preliminary estimates of the anti-leukemia activity of the 8-Cl-Ado/venetoclax regimen by assessing the overall response rate (Complete remission[CR]+ complete remission with incomplete hematologic recovery [CRi]+ partial response [PR]) and complete remission rate (CR+CRi).
II. Obtain preliminary estimates of duration of remission (DOR), overall survival (OS), and event-free survival (EFS).
III. Determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of plasma 8-Cl-Ado and metabolites when 8-Cl-Ado is given in combination with venetoclax.
I. Evaluate PK and pharmacodynamics (PD) of VEN/8-Cl-Ado combination therapy to identify biomarkers of clinical response and resistance.
II. Identify genes and pathways associated with response to VEN/8-Cl-Ado. III. Determine the metabolic consequences of VEN/8 Cl-Ado treatment on leukemia stem cells (LSCs).
Patients receive 8-Cl-Ado intravenously (IV) over 4 hours daily on days 1-5 and venetoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 28 days for up to 1 year.
Documented informed consent of the participant and/or legally authorized representative.
Age: >= 18 years.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) =< 2.
Life expectancy > 3 months.
Patients with histologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, with relapsed/refractory disease.
Patients must have any one of the following treatment history criteria:
Failed at least 1 line of salvage therapy or
Untreated relapse and are not candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHCT)
De novo AML
have not achieved complete response (CR) after 2 lines of therapy or
refractory to frontline therapy and not eligible for alloHCT
AML evolving from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or myeloproliferative disorder who have failed hypomethylating agents (HMA) or induction chemotherapy
Patients who have relapsed after allo-HCT are eligible if they are at least 3 months after HCT, do not have active graft versus host disease (GVHD) and are off immunosuppression except for maintenance dose of steroids (prednisone 10 mg/day or less).
Male subjects must agree to not donate sperm while taking protocol therapy through at least 90 days after the last dose.
White blood cell (WBC) =< 25 x 10^9/L prior to initiation of venetoclax. Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea prior to treatment and/or during cycle 1 may be required.
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless has Gilbert's disease).
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN.
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN.
Creatinine clearance of >= 50 mL/min per 24 hour urine test or the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
QTc =< 480 ms.
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP): negative urine or serum pregnancy test. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
Agreement by females and males of childbearing potential* to use an effective method of birth control or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through at least 6 months (females) and 3 months (males) after the last dose of protocol therapy.
Childbearing potential defined as not being surgically sterilized (men and women) or have not been free from menses for > 1 year (women only).
Current or planned use of other investigational agents, antineoplastic, biological, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy during the study treatment period, or within 2 weeks prior to day 1 of protocol therapy, with the following exception:
Hydroxyurea which may be continued through cycle 1.
Expected to undergo HCT within 120 days of enrollment.
Current or planned use of agents that prolong or suspected to prolong QTc.
Received strong or moderate CYP3A inducers or St. John's Wort within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy.
Received strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitors, or consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges) or Star fruit within 3 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy.
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy.
Narrow therapeutic index P-gp substrates within 7 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy.
Acute promyelocytic leukemia.
Active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia.
Active fungal infection or bacterial sepsis.
Class III/IV cardiovascular disability according to the New York Heart Association classification.
Participants with clinically significant arrhythmia or arrhythmias not stable on medical management within two weeks of enrollment. Subjects with controlled, asymptomatic atrial fibrillation can enroll.
History of acute cardiovascular ischemic event, i.e., myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of enrollment.
History of unexplained syncope, significant histories of CAD (requiring revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] or coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]), cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction [EF] < 50%).
Prior surgery or gastrointestinal dysfunction that may affect drug absorption (e.g., gastric bypass surgery, gastrectomy).
Unable to swallow capsules, has a partial or small bowel obstruction, or has a gastrointestinal condition resulting in a malabsorptive syndrome (e.g. small bowel resection with malabsorption).
Active peptic ulcer disease.
Other active malignancy except for localized skin cancer, bladder, prostate, breast or cervical carcinoma in situ.
Females only: Pregnant or breastfeeding.
Any other condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns with clinical study procedures.
Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics).
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