Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
A Study of Venetoclax in Combination With Low Dose Cytarabine Versus Low Dose Cytarabine Alone in Treatment Naive Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Are Ineligible for Intensive Chemotherapy
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate if venetoclax when co administered with low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) improves overall survival (OS) versus LDAC and placebo, in treatment-naÃ¯ve patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive and rare cancer of myeloid cells (a white blood cell responsible for fighting infections). Successful treatment of AML is dependent on what subtype of AML the patient has, and the age of the patient when diagnosed.
Venetoclax is an experimental drug that kills cancer cells by blocking a protein (part of a cell) that allows cancer cells to stay alive. This study is designed to see if adding venetoclax to cytarabine works better than cytarabine on its own.
This is a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind (treatment unknown to patients and doctors), placebo-controlled, multicenter study in patients with AML who are 18 or more years old and have not been treated before. Patients who take part in this study should not be suitable for intensive induction chemotherapy (usual starting treatment). Abbvie is funding this study which will take place at approximately 125 hospitals globally. In this study, 2/3 of patients will receive venetoclax every day with cytarabine and the remaining 1/3 will receive placebo (dummy) tablets with cytarabine.
Participants will continue to have study visits and receive treatment for as long as they are having a clinical benefit. The effect of the treatment on AML will be checked by taking blood, bone marrow, scans, measuring side effects and by completing health questionnaires. Blood and bone marrow tests will be completed to see why some people respond better than others.
Participant must have histological confirmation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by World Health Organization criteria, be ineligible for intensive induction chemotherapy and either be:
â‰¥ 75 years of age OR
â‰¥ 18 to 74 years of age and fulfill at least one criteria associated with lack of fitness for intensive induction chemotherapy:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 - 3
Cardiac history of congestive heart failure (CHF) requiring treatment or ejection fraction â‰¤ 50% or chronic stable angina
Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) â‰¤ 65% or forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) â‰¤ 65%
Creatinine clearance â‰¥ 30 mL/min to < 45 ml/min
Moderate hepatic impairment with total bilirubin > 1.5 to â‰¤ 3.0 Ã— upper limit of normal (ULN)
Other comorbidity that the physician judges to be incompatible with conventional intensive chemotherapy which must be reviewed and approved by the study medical monitor before study enrollment
Participant must have an ECOG performance status:
of 0 to 2 for subjects â‰¥ 75 years of age OR
of 0 to 3 for subjects between 18 to 74 years of age
Participant must have a projected life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
Participant must have adequate renal function as demonstrated by a creatinine clearance â‰¥ 30 mL/min; calculated by the Cockcroft Gault formula or measured by 24-hour urine collection.
Participant must have adequate liver function as demonstrated by:
aspartate aminotransferase (AST) â‰¤ 3.0 Ã— ULN*
alanine aminotransferase (ALT) â‰¤ 3.0 Ã— ULN*
bilirubin â‰¤ 1.5 Ã— ULN*
Subjects who are < 75 years of age may have bilirubin of â‰¤ 3.0 Ã— ULN
(*Unless considered to be due to leukemic organ involvement.)
Female participants must be either postmenopausal defined as:
Age > 55 years with no menses for 12 or more months without an alternative medical cause.
Age â‰¤ 55 years with no menses for 12 or more months without an alternative medical cause AND a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level > 40 IU/L.
Permanently surgical sterile (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy).
A woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) practicing at least one protocol specified method of birth control starting at Study Day 1 through at least 180 days after the last dose of study drug.
Male participants who are sexually active, must agree, from Study Day 1 through at least 180 days after the last dose of study drug, to practice protocol specified methods of contraception. Male subjects must agree to refrain from sperm donation from initial study drug administration through at least 180 days after the last dose of study drug.
Females of childbearing potential must have negative results for pregnancy test performed:
At Screening with a serum sample obtained within 14 days prior to the first study drug administration, and
Prior to dosing with urine sample obtained on Cycle 1 Day 1, if it has been > 7 days since obtaining the serum pregnancy test results.
Subjects with borderline pregnancy tests at Screening must have a serum pregnancy test â‰¥ 3 days later to document continued lack of a positive result.
Participant must voluntarily sign and date an informed consent form, approved by an Independent Ethics Committee (IEC)/Institutional Review Board (IRB), prior to the initiation of any screening or study-specific procedures.
Participant has received any prior treatment for AML with the exception of hydroxyurea, allowed through the first cycle of study treatment. Note: Prior treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome is allowed except for use of cytarabine.
Participant had an antecedent myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) including myelofibrosis, essential thrombocytosis, polycythemia vera, or chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) with or without BCR-ABL 1 translocation and AML with BCR-ABL 1 translocation.
Participants that have acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
Participant has known central nervous system (CNS) involvement with AML.
Participant has known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (due to potential drug-drug interactions between antiretroviral medications and venetoclax). HIV testing will be performed at Screening, if required per local guidelines or institutional standards.
Participant is known to be positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Inactive hepatitis carrier status or low viral hepatitis titer on antivirals (non-exclusionary medications) are not excluded.
Participant has received strong or moderate cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A) inducers 7 days prior to the initiation of study treatment.
Chinese subjects are excluded from receiving strong and/or moderate CYP3A inhibitors 7 days prior to the initiation of study treatment through the end of intensive pharmacokinetic (PK) collection (24 hours post dose on Cycle 1 Day 10).
Participant has consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges) or star fruit within 3 days prior to the initiation of study treatment.
Participant has cardiovascular disability status of New York Heart Association Class > 2. Class 2 is defined as cardiac disease which subjects are comfortable at rest but ordinary physical activity results in fatigue, palpitations, dyspnea, or angina pain. Class 3 is defined as cardiac disease which subjects are comfortable at rest but less than ordinary activity causes fatigue, palpitation, or dyspnea. Class 4 is defined as cardiac disease which subjects have an inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort, symptoms of heart failure at rest, and if any physical activity is undertaken then discomfort increases.
Participant has chronic respiratory disease that requires continuous oxygen, or significant history of renal, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic, immunologic, hepatic, cardiovascular disease, any other medical condition or known hypersensitivity to any of the study medications including excipients of LDAC that in the opinion of the investigator would adversely affect his/her participating in this study.
Participant has a malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration.
Participant exhibits evidence of other clinically significant uncontrolled systemic infection requiring therapy (viral, bacterial or fungal).
Participant has a history of other malignancies prior to study entry, with the exception of:
Adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri or carcinoma in situ of breast;
Basal cell carcinoma of the skin or localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin;
Previous malignancy confined and surgically resected (or treated with other modalities) with curative intent.
Participant has a white blood cell count > 25 Ã— 10^9/L. (Note: hydroxyurea administration or leukapheresis is permitted to meet this criterion).
Previous treatment with venetoclax and/or current participation in any other research study with investigational products.
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There are 107 Locations for this study
Tampa Florida, 33612, United States
Louisville Kentucky, 40202, United States
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, 15232, United States
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
Seattle Washington, 98104, United States
La Crosse Wisconsin, 54601, United States
Buenos Aires , 1431, Argentina
Cordoba , 5000, Argentina
Waratah New South Wales, 2298, Australia
Westmead New South Wales, 2145, Australia
Melbourne Victoria, 3004, Australia
Melbourne Victoria, 3128, Australia
Edegem Antwerpen, 2650, Belgium
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert Bruxelles-Capitale, 1200, Belgium
Florianopolis Santa Catarina, 88034, Brazil
Barretos Sao Paulo, 14784, Brazil
Porto Alegre , 90470, Brazil
Sao Paulo , 08270, Brazil
Edmonton Alberta, T6G 2, Canada
Greenfield Park Quebec, J4V 2, Canada
Montreal Quebec, H1T 2, Canada
Montreal Quebec, H4J 1, Canada
Fuzhou Fujian, 35000, China
Guangzhou Guangdong, 51051, China
Nanjing Jiangsu, 21002, China
Changchun Jilin, 13002, China
Shanghai Shanghai, 20002, China
Chengdu Sichuan, 61004, China
Tianjin Tianjin, 30002, China
Hangzhou Zhejiang, 31000, China
Jinan , 25001, China
Wuhan , 43002, China
Zhengzhou, Henan , 45000, China
Brno , 625 0, Czechia
Ostrava , 708 5, Czechia
Prague , 100 3, Czechia
Pierre Benite CEDEX Rhone, 69495, France
Le Mans CEDEX 9 Sarthe, 72037, France
Bayonne , 64100, France
Pessac , 33600, France
Vandoeuvre Les Nancy Cedex , 54511, France
Villingen-Schwenningen Baden-Wuerttemberg, 78052, Germany
Berlin , 10967, Germany
Hamburg , 20246, Germany
Athens Attiki, 115 2, Greece
Alexandroupolis , 68100, Greece
Athens , 10676, Greece
Patras , 26504, Greece
Thessaloniki , 57010, Greece
Budapest IX Budapest, 1097, Hungary
PÃ©cs Pecs, 7624, Hungary
Budapest , 1083, Hungary
Debrecen , 4032, Hungary
Gyor , 9023, Hungary
Kaposvar , 7400, Hungary
KecskemÃ©t , 6000, Hungary
Dublin 8 Dublin, D08 E, Ireland
Dublin , D09 X, Ireland
Galway , H91 Y, Ireland
Limerick , V94F8, Ireland
Yoshida-gun Fukui, 910-1, Japan
Fukuoka-shi Fukuoka, 812-8, Japan
Maebashi-shi Gunma, 371-0, Japan
Higashi Ibaraki-gun Ibaraki, 31131, Japan
Kyoto-shi Kyoto, 602-8, Japan
Sendai-shi Miyagi, 980-8, Japan
Nagasaki-shi Nagasaki, 852-8, Japan
Osaka-shi Osaka, 545-0, Japan
Osakasayama-shi Osaka, 589-8, Japan
Bunkyo-ku Tokyo, 113-8, Japan
Komae-shi Tokyo, 201-8, Japan
Shinagawa-ku Tokyo, 141-8, Japan
Yamagata-shi Yamagata, 990-9, Japan
Akita , 10004, Japan
Hidaka , 350-1, Japan
Nagoya , 460-0, Japan
Shimotsuga , 321-0, Japan
Tokyo , 113-8, Japan
Busan Busan Gwang Yeogsi, 602-7, Korea, Republic of
Jung-gu Daejeon Gwang Yeogsi, 35015, Korea, Republic of
Seoul Seoul Teugbyeolsi, 06591, Korea, Republic of
Seoul , 03080, Korea, Republic of
Ciudad de MÃ©xico Ciudad De Mexico, 14080, Mexico
Morelia Michoacan, 58260, Mexico
Monterrey Nuevo Leon, 64320, Mexico
Auckland , 0622, New Zealand
Auckland , 2025, New Zealand
Bergen Hordaland, 5021, Norway
Gralum , 1714, Norway
San Juan , 00921, Puerto Rico
Kemerovo Kemerovskaya Oblast, 65006, Russian Federation
Nizhnij Novgorod Nizhegorodskaya Oblast, 60312, Russian Federation
Ryazan Ryazanskaya Oblast, 39003, Russian Federation
Moscow , 12528, Russian Federation
Samara , 44309, Russian Federation
Sankt-peterburg , 19734, Russian Federation
Saratov , 41002, Russian Federation
St. Petersburg , 19820, Russian Federation
Yaroslavl , 15006, Russian Federation
Pretoria Gauteng, 0001, South Africa
Pretoria Gauteng, 0001, South Africa
Valencia Valenciana, 46026, Spain
Madrid , 28031, Spain
Taipei City Taipei, 10002, Taiwan
Taipei City Taipei, 11490, Taiwan
Kaohsiung , 80708, Taiwan
Birmingham , B9 5S, United Kingdom
Cardiff , CF14 , United Kingdom
Harrow , HA1 3, United Kingdom
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