Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial

Comparing the Addition of an Anti-Cancer Drug, Pomalidomide, to the Usual Chemotherapy Treatment (Daunorubicin and Cytarabine Liposome) in Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Myelodysplastic Syndrome-Related Changes

Summary

This phase II trial studies the effect of adding pomalidomide to usual chemotherapy treatment (CPX-351) in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia with myelodysplastic syndrome-related changes. Pomalidomide may stop the growth of blood vessels, stimulate the immune system, and kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs, such as CPX-351, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Adding pomalidomide to chemotherapy treatment with CPX-351 may be effective in improving some treatment outcomes in patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia with myelodysplastic syndrome-related changes.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To establish recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of pomalidomide after liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine (daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome) induction.

II. To compare the rate of overall complete response (CR)/complete response with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi) with daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with preexisting myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), or myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN); therapy-related AML (t-AML); or AML with myelodysplasia-related changes (MRC) based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate and compare rates of CR (full hematologic recovery) between daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML or AML with MRC.

II. To evaluate and compare toxicities (including treatment-related mortality) of daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

III. To detect and compare the presence of minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry in those who achieve CR/CRi with daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

IV. To compare median event-free survival (EFS) of daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

V. To compare median overall survival (OS) of daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

VI. To compare median and 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) after CR/CRi with daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

VII. To compare rates of allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT) after daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess for molecular biomarkers, Aiolos expression, and immune correlates of response with daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

II. To assess for differences in MRD by molecular based platforms in daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome + pomalidomide versus daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome alone in newly diagnosed AML with preexisting MDS, CMML or MPN, t-AML, or AML with MRC based on cytogenetics or morphologic dysplasia.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM A:

INDUCTION: Patients receive liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on days 1, 3, and 5 and then pomalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) beginning between days 21-30 for 10, 14 or 21 days (depending on dose level) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who do not respond, may receive a second cycle of liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 3 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CONSOLIDATION: Patients who achieve CR/CRi receive liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 3. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo bone marrow aspirate and biopsy and collection of blood samples throughout all phases of the trial.

ARM B:

INDUCTION: Patients receive liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on days 1, 3, and 5 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who do not respond, may receive a second cycle of liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 3 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CONSOLIDATION: Patients who achieve CR/CRi receive liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 3. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo bone marrow aspirate and biopsy and collection of blood samples throughout all phases of the trial.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days, then up to 5 years after the start of induction therapy or until death, whichever occurs first.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Pathological confirmation of AML as defined by histologic, morphologic, or cytological evidence/confirmation of >= 20% blasts in bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy

Must meet criteria for t-AML or AML with MRC as defined by one of the following features:

Therapy-related AML (AML derived from prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy)
AML originating from prior hematologic malignancy (MDS, CMML, or MPN)

World Health Organization (WHO)-defined AML with MRC which is defined by meeting one of the following criteria:

Morphologic detection of multilineage dysplasia defined as >= 50% dysplastic cells in at least 2 lineages from bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy without NPM1 or biallelic CEBPA mutations

One of the following cytogenetic abnormalities:

Complex karyotype (3 or more chromosomal abnormalities)
-7/del(7q)
Del(5q)/t(5q)
i(17q)/t(17p)
-13/del(13q)
Del(11q)
Del(12p)/t(12p)
idicX(q13)
t(11;16)(q23.3;p13.3)
t(3;21)(q26.2;q22.1)
t(1;3)(p36.3;q21.2)
t(2;11)(p21;q23.3)
t(5;12)(q32;p13.2)
t(5;7)(q32;q11.2)
t(5;17)(q32;p13.2)
t(5;10)(q32;q21.2)
t(3;5)(q25.3;q35.1)
No prior treatment for AML other than cytoreductive doses of hydroxyurea or leukapheresis
Age >= 18 and =< 75 years on day of signing informed consent are eligible who are planned for intensive chemotherapy. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of pomalidomide in combination with daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study. Patients > 75 years are not candidates for intensive chemotherapy with daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) unless due to leukemic infiltration, Gilbert's Syndrome, or hemolysis
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT[) =< 5 x institutional ULN
Creatinine >= 30 ml/min creatinine clearance by Cockcroft-gault
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50%
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial
For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured with undetectable HCV viral load. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible for this trial, patients should be class 2B or better
Females of childbearing potential (FCBP), defined as a female who: 1) has reached menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months) must have a negative pregnancy test 72 hours prior to the start of study therapy. For FCBPs in Arm A, they must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting pomalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before starting pomalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a vasectomy. All patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Participants with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally-authorized representative (LAR) and/or family member available will also be eligible

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with Wilson's Disease or Copper-related metabolic disorders
Absolute blast count > 30 x 10^9/L (cytoreduction with leukapheresis or hydroxyurea can be used to achieve absolute blast count < 30 x 10^9/L prior to day 1 of treatment)
Cumulative daunorubicin lifetime exposure > 330 mg/m^2 and > 180 mg/m^2 with prior mediastinal radiation therapy
Patients with known active central nervous system leukemia should be excluded from this clinical trial because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. Patients receiving intrathecal chemotherapy prophylaxis should receive pomalidomide >= 3 days after administration
Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, active and uncontrolled infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, and cardiac arrhythmia. Patients with infection under active treatment and controlled with antibiotics are eligible
Known additional malignancy (with the exception of prior hematologic malignancies that have transformed to AML) that is active and/or progressive requiring treatment; exceptions include basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer or patients receiving maintenance treatments without active disease (for example, hormonal therapy for breast cancer or prostate cancer or other adjuvant chemotherapy approaches). Anti-cancer therapy as above should be discontinued > 72 hours prior to day 1 of treatment
Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Receipt of prior allogeneic stem cell transplant
Administration of any therapy for MDS, CMML, or MPN (conventional or unconventional) must be completed by 2 weeks prior to treatment with daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome. Use of strong CYP1A2 inhibitors should be avoided
Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to pomalidomide (e.g. lenalidomide, thalidomide) or daunorubicin and cytarabine liposome or their excipients
Development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide, lenalidomide, or similar drugs in the past
Pregnant women are excluded from this study because pomalidomide is an immunomodulatory agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with pomalidomide, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with pomalidomide. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study. Women of childbearing potential must be willing to undergo pregnancy testing
Any other medical condition that in the opinion of investigator would place patient at increased risk for toxicity during pomalidomide treatment (i.e. history of recurrent or serious thromboembolic events such as massive pulmonary embolism)

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

78

Study ID:

NCT04802161

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

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There are 2 Locations for this study

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Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
Baltimore Maryland, 21287, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
410-955-8804
[email protected]
Ivana Gojo
Principal Investigator
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chapel Hill North Carolina, 27599, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
877-668-0683
[email protected]
Joshua F. Zeidner
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

78

Study ID:

NCT04802161

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


National Cancer Institute (NCI)

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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