Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Daunorubicin Hydrochloride, Cytarabine, and Nilotinib in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase II trial studies how well daunorubicin hydrochloride, cytarabine, and nilotinib work in treating patients newly diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as daunorubicin hydrochloride and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Nilotinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving daunorubicin hydrochloride with cytarabine and nilotinib may kill more cancer cells.
I. To determine the complete response rates of combination nilotinib, cytarabine, and daunorubicin (daunorubicin hydrochloride) in patients newly diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (Kit) overexpression.
I. Determine the 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates.
II. Determine the complete response duration in patients treated with this regimen.
III. Assess the safety and toxicity of this regimen based on National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.
I. Assess the prognostic and predictive factors (Kit mutation/expression level, fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 [Flt3] mutation) for patients treated with this regimen.
II. Assess the patterns of molecular response and relapse for Kit. III. Assess the effect on minimal residual disease (MRD) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or flow cytometry.
INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients receive daunorubicin hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 10 minutes on days 1-3, cytarabine IV continuously on days 1-7, and nilotinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 4-14. Patients achieving complete remission (CR) or complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi) proceed to consolidation therapy. Patients not achieving a significant decrease in bone marrow recovery or CR/CRi upon bone marrow recovery receive another course of induction therapy.
CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: Patients receive cytarabine IV every 12 hours on days 1, 3, and 5, and nilotinib PO BID on days 4-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving CR or CRi proceed to maintenance therapy.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive nilotinib PO BID on days 1-84. Treatment repeats every 84 days for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for up to 3 years.
Untreated, histological confirmed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) based on World Health Organization (WHO) 2008 criteria with Kit expression (cluster of differentiation [CD] 117) of myeloblasts >= 20% by flow cytometry from bone marrow aspirate at diagnosis
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
Magnesium within normal limits (WNL)
Serum amylase =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Serum lipase =< 1.5 x ULN
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (does not apply to patients with isolated hyperbilirubinemia [e.g., Gilbert's disease], in that case direct bilirubin should be =< 2 x ULN)
Alkaline phosphatase =< 3 x ULN
Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) =< 3 x ULN
Creatinine =<1.5 x ULN
Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
Provide informed written consent
Willing to return to consenting Mayo Clinic (Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Mayo Clinic's campus in Arizona, or Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida) institution for follow-up during the active monitoring phase of the study
Willing to provide bone marrow aspirate and blood samples for correlative research purposes
Any of the following because this study involves investigational agent(s) whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown
Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception throughout the study and for 3 months after completion of study treatment
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
Immunocompromised patients (other than that related to the use of corticosteroids) including patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
Other active malignancy =< 3 years prior to registration; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix
Previous treatment with chemotherapy or any other tyrosine kinase inhibitor for a hematological disorder; Exceptions: patients with prior diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and/or treatment with hypomethylating agent (azacytidine or decitabine) are not excluded, prior hydroxyurea allowed
Impaired cardiac function including any one of the following:
Inability to monitor the QT interval on electrocardiogram (ECG)
Congenital long QT syndrome or a known family history of long QT syndrome
Clinically significant resting brachycardia (< 50 beats per minute)
Corrected QT (QTc) > 450 msec on baseline ECG; if QTc > 450 msec and electrolytes are not within normal ranges, electrolytes should be corrected and then the patient re-screened for QTc
Myocardial infarction =< 12 months prior to starting study
Other clinically significant uncontrolled heart disease (e.g. unstable angina, congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension)
History of or presence of clinically significant ventricular, atrial tachyarrhythmias or ejection fraction cutoff
Left ventricle ejection fraction < 45%
History of, congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
Patients currently receiving treatment with strong cytochrome P450 family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors and treatment that cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug; patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong or moderate inhibitors of CYP3A4
Use of the following strong or moderate inhibitors is prohibited < 7 days prior to registration
Strong inhibitors of CYP3A4/5 > 5-fold increase in the plasma area under the curve (AUC) values or more than 80% decrease in clearance
Clarithromycin (Biaxin, Biaxin XL)
Ritonavir (Novir, Kaletra)
Saquinivir (Fortovase, Invirase)
Moderate inhibitors of CYP3A4/5 > 2-fold in the plasma AUC values or 50-80% decrease in clearance
Diltiazem (Cardizem, Cardizem CD, Cardizem LA, Cardizem SR, Cartia XT, Dilacor XR, Diltia XT, Taztia XT, Tiazac)
Erythromycin (Erythrocin, E.E.S. , Ery-Tab, Eryc, EryPed, PCE)
Verapamil (Calan, Calan SR, Covera-HS, Isoptin SR, Verelan, Verelan PM)
Receiving any medications or substances that are inducers of CYP3A4; use of the following inducers are prohibited =< 7 days prior to registration
Strong inducers of CYP3A4/5 > 80% decrease in AUC
Carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Tegretol, Tegretol-XR)
Phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek)
St. John's wort
Moderate inducers of CYP3A4/5 50-80% decrease in AUC
Patients currently receiving treatment with any medications that have the potential to prolong the QT interval and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug
Impaired gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection or gastric bypass surgery)
Acute or chronic pancreatic disease
Known cytopathologically confirmed central nervous system (CNS) infiltration
Acute or chronic liver disease or severe renal disease considered unrelated to the cancer
History of significant congenital or acquired bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer
Major surgery =< 4 weeks prior to registration of the study or who have not recovered from prior surgery
Treatment with other investigational agents =< 14 days of registration
Diagnosis of AML-M3 (or acute promyelocytic leukemia)
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There are 2 Locations for this study
Scottsdale Arizona, 85259, United States
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States
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