Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Decitabine, Venetoclax, and Ponatinib for the Treatment of Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myeloid Blast Phase or Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
This phase II trial studies how well the combination of decitabine, venetoclax, and ponatinib work for the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute myeloid leukemia or myeloid blast phase or accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy such as decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking Bcl-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Ponatinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving decitabine, venetoclax, and ponatinib may help to control Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute myeloid leukemia or myeloid blast phase or accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia.
I. To determine the efficacy of the regimen, as defined by the rate of complete remission (CR) or CR with incomplete count recovery (CRi).
I. To determine efficacy outcomes, including rate of minimal residual disease negativity by flow cytometry and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for BCR-ABL1 transcripts, median relapse-free survival, and median overall survival.
II. To determine the proportion of patients proceeding to allogeneic stem cell transplant (ASCT).
III. To preliminarily determine the safety of the combination regimen.
I. To evaluate the effect of single-agent ponatinib on apoptotic proteins and Bcl-2 dependency.
II. To correlate apoptotic protein expression and Bcl-2 dependency on response and resistance to the combination regimen.
Patients recently (within 2 weeks of anticipated start date) treated with ponatinib receive ponatinib orally (PO) daily on days 1-21 of cycle 1 and days 1-28 of subsequent cycles, venetoclax PO daily on days 1-21, and decitabine intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who have not been recently (within 2 weeks of anticipated start date) treated with ponatinib may receive ponatinib monotherapy PO daily on days 1-7 before starting combination therapy with venetoclax in cycle 1. After completion of ponatinib lead-in, patients will receive ponatinib PO daily on days 1-21 of cycle 1 and on days 1-28 of subsequent cycles, venetoclax PO daily on days 8-28 of cycle 1 and days 1-21 of subsequent cycles, and decitabine IV over 60 minutes on days 8-12 of cycle 1 and days 1-5 of subsequent cycles. For these patients, cycle 1 is 35 days in duration and cycles 2-24 repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days then every 6 months thereafter.
Patients with Philadelphia (Ph)+ acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myeloid accelerated phase (AP)-chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) or blast phase (BP)-CML (either t[9;22] and/or BCR-ABL1 positive by fluorescent in situ hybridization or polymerase chain reaction). Both untreated and relapsed/refractory patients are eligible
Performance status =< 3 (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] scale)
Total serum bilirubin =< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless due to Gilbert's syndrome, hemolysis or the underlying leukemia approved by the principal investigator (PI)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 1.5 x ULN, unless due to the underlying leukemia approved by the PI
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 1.5 x ULN unless due to the underlying leukemia approved by the PI
Creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min
Serum lipase =< 1.5 x ULN
Amylase =< 1.5 x ULN
Ability to swallow
Signed informed consent
Active serious infection not controlled by oral or intravenous antibiotics (e.g. persistent fever or lack of improvement despite antimicrobial treatment)
History of acute pancreatitis within 6 months of study or history of chronic pancreatitis
Uncontrolled hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides > 450 mg/dL)
Active secondary malignancy that in the investigator's opinion will shorten survival to less than 1 year
Active grade III-V cardiac failure as defined by the New York Heart Association criteria
Clinically significant, uncontrolled, or active cardiovascular disease, specifically including, but not restricted to:
Myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, revascularization, unstable angina or transient ischemic attack within 6 months
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than lower limit of normal per local institutional standards prior to enrollment
Diagnosed or suspected congenital long QT syndrome
Clinically significant atrial or ventricular arrhythmias (such as uncontrolled, clinically significant atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or torsades de pointes) as determined by the treating physician
Prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval on pre-entry electrocardiogram (> 480 msec) unless corrected after electrolyte replacement
History of venous thromboembolism including deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within the past 3 months, excluding line-associated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the upper extremity
Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg; systolic > 150 mmHg)
Consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges, or star fruit within 3 days prior to starting venetoclax
Treatment with any investigational antileukemic agents or chemotherapy agents in the last 7 days before study entry, unless full recovery from side effects has occurred or patient has rapidly progressive disease judged to be life-threatening by the investigator. Prior recent treatment with corticosteroids, hydroxyurea, or a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is permitted
Pregnant and lactating women will not be eligible; women of childbearing potential should have a negative pregnancy test prior to entering on the study and be willing to practice methods of contraception throughout the study period. Women do not have childbearing potential if they have had a hysterectomy or are postmenopausal without menses for 12 months. In addition, men enrolled on this study should understand the risks to any sexual partner of childbearing potential and should practice an effective method of birth control
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