Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial

Ibrutinib in Preventing Acute Leukemia in Patients After Reduced-Intensity Conditioning and Stem Cell Transplant

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well ibrutinib works in preventing acute leukemia in patients after reduced-intensity conditioning and stem cell transplant. Ibrutinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To reduce the incidence of relapse at 18 months after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis from a historical baseline of 45% to 25%, using ibrutinib maintenance therapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To study the incidence and severity of post-transplant complications in subjects receiving ibrutinib maintenance after allogeneic HCT.

II. To study the incidence of infectious complications in subjects receiving maintenance ibrutinib after allogeneic HCT.

III. To study the impact of ibrutinib maintenance on minimal residual disease after RIC and allogeneic HCT.

IV. To study the impact of maintenance ibrutinib on immune reconstitution and alloreactivity after allogeneic HCT, specifically on Th1/ Th2 polarization, T follicular cell number, T and B cell repertoire, serum immunoglobulin levels, and alloantibody formation.

OUTLINE:

Beginning 60-90 days after allogeneic HCT, patients receive ibrutinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) for up to 18 months post-transplant in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 2 years.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT)
Diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute biphenotypic leukemia, or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); CML transformed to blast crisis is eligible
Planned allogeneic HCT using fludarabine phosphate (FLU)/melphalan hydrochloride (MEL) or FLU/busulfan (BU) conditioning
Planned graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisting of tacrolimus (TAC)/methotrexate (MTX) or TAC/sirolimus (SRL)
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) identical sibling donor, HLA matched unrelated donor, or donor mismatched at 1 HLA allele or antigen
Less than or equal to 5% blasts on bone marrow examination within 60 days of starting conditioning
Age >= 18 years and =< 70 years
Able to give informed consent

Subjects will be eligible if their planned conditioning regimen for allogeneic HCT consists of one of the two following standard reduced intensity conditioning regimens:

FLU/MEL: fludarabine phosphate (fludarabine) 120 to 180 mg/m^2; melphalan hydrochloride (melphalan) =< 150 mg/m^2
FLU/BU: fludarabine 120 to 180 mg/m^2; busulfan =< 8 mg/kg orally or =< 6.4 mg/kg intravenously

Subjects will be eligible if their planned post grafting immunosuppression consists of one of the two following regimens:

TAC/MTX: tacrolimus (oral or intravenous) and intravenous methotrexate administered according to institutional standard practice.
TAC/SRL: tacrolimus (oral or intravenous) and oral sirolimus, administered according to institutional standards of care
INCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION)
Age >= 18 years
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 0.75 x 10^9/L
Platelet count > 50 x 10^9/L
Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dL without transfusion or growth factor support for at least 7 days prior to screening (with the exception of pegylated granulocyte-colony stimulating factor [G-CSF] and darbopoietin, which require at least 14 days of abstinence prior to screening)
Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x upper limit of normal
Estimated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min via Cockroft-Gault formula
Bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (unless elevated bilirubin is due to Gilbert's syndrome or of non-hepatic origin)
Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) (activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT]) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal
Female subjects who are of non-reproductive potential (ie, post-menopausal by history - no menses for >= 1 year; OR history of hysterectomy; OR history of bilateral tubal ligation; OR history of bilateral oophorectomy); female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon screening
Male and female subjects who agree to use both a highly effective method of birth control (eg, implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine devices [IUDs], sexual abstinence, or sterilized partner) and a barrier method (eg, condoms, vaginal ring, sponge, etc) during the period of therapy and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug for females and 90 days after the last dose of the study drug for males
Between day +60 and day +90 after allogeneic HCT

Exclusion Criteria:

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Active involvement of the central nervous system with malignancy (previous central nervous system [CNS] involvement is allowed if clearance of CNS disease has been documented prior to enrollment)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Pregnant or breastfeeding
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Karnofsky performance status < 60%
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Active leukemia (> 5% leukemic blasts in peripheral blood or bone marrow)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Non-hematologic malignancy with a life expectancy of < 5 years
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection; subjects who are positive for hepatitis B core antibody or hepatitis B surface antigen must have a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result before enrollment; those who are PCR positive will be excluded
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): Known bleeding disorders (eg, von Willebrand's disease) or hemophilia

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT (PRE-TRANSPLANT): History of other malignancies, except:

Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present for >= 3 years before the first dose of study drug and felt to be at low risk for recurrence by treating physician
Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Active and uncontrolled acute GVHD grades III or IV
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Use of secondary therapy for acute GVHD at any time (defined as any systemic therapy intended to treat acute GVHD besides corticosteroids)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Requirement for anticoagulation with warfarin or other vitamin K antagonists (concomitant use of other anticoagulants is permitted)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Relapsed leukemia (> 5% leukemic blasts in peripheral blood or bone marrow after allogeneic HCT)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Karnofsky performance status < 60%
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Chemotherapy =< 21 days prior to first administration of study treatment and/or monoclonal antibody =< 6 weeks prior to first administration of study treatment
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Currently active, clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia or class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to randomization
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to screening
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Any life threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction that, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the subject's safety or put the study outcomes at undue risk
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Major surgery within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Any uncontrolled active systemic infection
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unresolved toxicities from prior anti cancer therapy, defined as having not resolved to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE, version 4), grade =< 1, or to the levels dictated in the inclusion/exclusion criteria with the exception of alopecia
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unable to swallow capsules or malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease or ulcerative colitis, or partial or complete bowel obstruction
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4/5 inhibitor
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unwilling or unable to participate in all required study evaluations and procedures
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Unable to understand the purpose and risks of the study and to provide a signed and dated informed consent form (ICF) and authorization to use protected health information (in accordance with national and local subject privacy regulations)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Currently active, clinically significant hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B or C)
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Lactating or pregnant
EXCLUSION CRITERIA (PRIOR TO IBRUTINIB ADMINISTRATION): Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

8

Study ID:

NCT03267186

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Andrew Rezvani

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Stanford University, School of Medicine
Palo Alto California, 94304, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

8

Study ID:

NCT03267186

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Andrew Rezvani

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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