Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Idarubicin + Cytarabine and Lenalidomide in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
The purpose of this study is to:
Test the safety of the research study drug, lenalidomide, when given with Idarubicin and Cytarabine
See how many respond to combination treatment with lenalidomide, Idarubicin and Cytarabine
See how long people respond to this combination therapy
See how long people live after being treated with this combination of drugs
All three drugs are FDA approved to treat patients in the United States of America. Idarubicin and Cytarabine combination therapy is a standard treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Lenalidomide is FDA approved to retreat patients with Multiple Myeloma or Myelodysplastic syndrome with a specific change in their DNA. Loss of a specific part of DNA is also seen in some patients with AML.
This is a phase 1/2, dose-escalation trial of Lenalidomide given in combination with idarubicin + cytarabine. During phase 1, we will enroll patients with AML involving del 5q31; 2) patients with MDS RAEB-2 associated with monosomy 5 or segmental deletion involving 5q31, either alone or with additional cytogenetic abnormalities, and 3) older patients with any type of karyotypic profile in whom an effective and reliable standard of care remains to be developed. All 3 groups of patients define a population of patients with very poor prognoses. Dose escalation of lenalidomide will use a standard 3x3 design. Dose escalation of Lenalidomide only will take place, while the doses of idarubicin and cytarabine will be constant. This trial will have an induction component, consolidation component, and maintenance component. Overall safety and MTD will be determined from the induction phase only.
During phase 2, we will enroll only patients with AML age ≥ 60 years. During phase 2, the efficacy of this combination of Lenalidomide + idarubicin + cytarabine, at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for Lenalidomide (determined during phase 1), will be tested.
Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
Disease-specific criteria (Phase I):
Previously untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), associated with monosomy 5 or segmental deletion involving 5q31, either alone or with additional cytogenetic abnormalities
Previously untreated AML (age ≥ 60 years)
Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Refractory Anemia with Excess Blasts-2 (MDS,RAEB-2, 10-19% blasts in the bone marrow) associated with monosomy 5 or segmental deletion involving 5q31, either alone or with additional cytogenetic abnormalities
For MDS, patients must have had progression with or failed response to front-line therapy with a nucleoside analogue (azacitidine, decitabine).
Disease Specific Criteria (Phase II)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50%
Laboratory test results within these ranges:
Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL (Gilbert's syndrome excluded)
Aspartic transaminase (AST) and Alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Disease free of prior malignancies for ≥ 2 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "insitu" of the cervix or breast
Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide. For FCBP who have a medical need to proceed with therapy immediately, the pregnancy test that would normally be done 10-14 days prior to initiation of lenalidomide may be done as late as 7 days prior to initiation of lenalidomide. Both this test and the pregnancy testing done within 24 hours prior to initiation of lenalidomide must be negative. FCBP must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex* condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. All patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure. *For patients who have latex allergies or whose partner(s) have latex allergies, alternatives will be discussed.
Must be able to swallow capsules and no evidence of gastrointestinal (GI) tract abnormality that would alter absorption of oral medications
Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
Life expectancy >3 months
All study patients must be registered into the mandatory RevAssist® program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of RevAssist®.
Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days and again within 24 hours prior to prescribing lenalidomide for Cycle 1 (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days as required by RevAssist) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. See Appendix: Risks of Fetal Exposure, Pregnancy Testing Guidelines and Acceptable Birth Control Methods.
Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the patient from signing the informed consent form
Pregnant or breast feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide).
Unwilling or unable to participate with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated birth control and pregnancy guidelines
Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the patient at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days of baseline
Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide
The development of erythema nodosum, if characterized by a desquamating rash, while taking thalidomide or similar drugs
Any prior use of lenalidomide
AML with cytogenetics including t(15;17), t(8;21), or inv(16)
White blood count (WBC) count ≥ 50,000 on hydroxyurea therapy
Previous history of induction chemotherapy for AML or allogeneic stem cell transplant
Predicted inability to tolerate standard induction chemotherapy with idarubicin and cytarabine
History of spontaneous thromboembolic event requiring use of anticoagulation with warfarin (coumadin) or low molecular-weight heparin within 3 years
Known positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or infectious hepatitis, type A, B or C
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There are 2 Locations for this study
Tampa Florida, 33612, United States
Cleveland Ohio, 44195, United States
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