Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Pevonedistat, Cytarabine, and Idarubicin in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase Ib/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of pevonedistat and to see how well it works in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Pevonedistat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine and idarubicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Given pevonedistat, cytarabine, and idarubicin may work better in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of pevonedistat in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in newly diagnosed high-risk acute myeloid leukemia. (Phase Ib) II. To determine the composite complete response rate (complete remission [CR] or complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery [CRi]) of pevonedistat in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in newly diagnosed high-risk acute myeloid leukemia. (Phase II)
I. To evaluate plasma pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of pevonedistat when used in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in the phase Ib part of the study.
II. To evaluate the relapse free (RFS), overall survival (OS), safety and tolerability of pevonedistat in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in the phase II part of the study.
I. To evaluate the pharmacodynamics (PD) effects of pevonedistat in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) blasts.
II. To evaluate potential predictive biomarkers of response to pevonedistat in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in AML.
III. To determine the CR without minimal residual disease rate (CR MRD-) of pevonedistat in combination with cytarabine and idarubicin in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia.
OUTLINE: This is a phase Ib, dose escalation study of pevonedistat followed by a phase II study.
INDUCTION: Patients receive idarubicin intravenously (IV) over 10-15 minutes on days 1-3, cytarabine IV over 1-3 hours on days 1-7, and pevonedistat IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 3, and 5. Patients with gross residual disease on day 14 bone marrow may receive a second course of induction chemotherapy.
CONSOLIDATION: Patients who achieve CR and will not undergo bone marrow transplant receive cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1, 3, and 5. Treatment repeats every 28-35 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for at least 30 days, and then every 3 months for 2 years.
Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to future medical care
Female patients who:
Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR
Are surgically sterile, OR
If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 1 highly effective method and 1 additional (barrier) of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 4 months after the last dose of study drug (female and male condoms should not be used together), or
Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject; (periodic abstinence [eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods] withdrawal, spermicides only and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception)
Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (ie, status postvasectomy), who:
Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug (female and male condoms should not be used together), or
Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods for the female partner] withdrawal, spermicides only and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and/or other performance status 0-2
Expected survival > 3 months from study enrollment
Within 3 days before the first dose of study drug: albumin > 2.7 g/dL
Within 3 days before the first dose of study drug: total bilirubin < upper limit of normal (ULN)
Within 3 days before the first dose of study drug: alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 2.5 x ULN
Within 3 days before the first dose of study drug: creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min
Within 3 days before the first dose of study drug: hemoglobin > 8 g/dL (prior red blood cell [RBC] transfusion allowed); patients may be transfused to achieve this value; elevated indirect bilirubin due to post-transfusion hemolysis is allowed
Patients with previously untreated AML (except acute promyelocytic leukemia [APL]) who have at least one of the following:
Adverse genetic features as per the European Leukemia Net guidelines
Treatment related AML or AML with antecedent myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); (patient who have received treatment with hypomethylating agents for MDS and have now transformed to AML are eligible)
Are over the age of 55 years and considered fit for chemotherapy
Patients with AML with MDS-related changes
Patients must be considered candidates for intensive chemotherapy treatment with standard doses of cytarabine and anthracycline regimen (?7+3 regimen?)
White blood cell (WBC) count < 50,000/uL before administration of pevonedistat on cycle 1 day 1; Note: hydroxyurea may be used to control the level of circulating leukemic blast cell counts to not lower than 10,000/uL during the study
Known cardiopulmonary disease defined as one of the following:
Uncontrolled high blood pressure (ie, systolic blood pressure > 180 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure > 95 mm Hg)
Cardiomyopathy or history of ischemic heart disease
Arrhythmia (eg, history of polymorphic ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes); however, patients with < grade 3 atrial fibrillation (a fib) for a period of at least 6 months may enroll; grade 3 a fib is symptomatic and incompletely controlled medically, or controlled with device (e.g., pacemaker), or ablation; patients with paroxysmal a fib are permitted to enroll
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV; or class II with a recent decompensation requiring hospitalization or referral to a heart failure clinic within 4 weeks before screening), myocardial infarction and/or revascularization (eg, coronary artery bypass graft, stent) within 6 months of first dose of study drug
Patients who had ischemic heart disease who have had acute coronary syndrome (ACS), myocardial infarction (MI), and/or revascularization greater than 6 months before screening and who are without cardiac symptoms may enroll
Moderate to severe aortic and/or mitral stenosis or other valvulopathy (ongoing)
Prolonged rate corrected QT (QTc) interval >= 500 msec, calculated according to institutional guidelines
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% as assessed by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiography
Known moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), interstitial lung disease, and pulmonary fibrosis
Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator?s opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of study procedures
Treatment with any investigational products within 14 days before the first dose of any study drug
Patients receiving any other investigational or commercial agents or therapies administered with the intention to treat their malignancy within 14 days of first receipt of study drug with the exception of: hydroxyurea (HU) in patients who need to continue this agent to maintain WBC count =< 50,000/mm^3
Active uncontrolled infection or severe infectious disease, such as severe pneumonia, meningitis, septicemia, or methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus infection
Major surgery within 14 days before the first dose of any study drug or a scheduled surgery during study period
Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before randomization or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease; patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone resection
Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer
Patients with uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder
Known central nervous system (CNS) involvement
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive
Known hepatitis B surface antigen seropositive or known or suspected active hepatitis C infection
Note: patients who have isolated positive hepatitis B core antibody (ie, in the setting of negative hepatitis B surface antigen and negative hepatitis B surface antibody) must have an undetectable hepatitis B viral load
Known hepatic cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment
Systemic antineoplastic therapy or radiotherapy within 14 days before the first dose of any study drug, except for hydroxyurea
Treatment with clinically significant metabolic enzyme inducers within 14 days before the first dose of the study drug; clinically significant metabolic enzyme inducers are not permitted during this study
Patients who refuse to potentially receive blood products and/or have a hypersensitivity to blood products
Patients with history of allergic or toxic reactions attributed to cytarabine or a history of allergic reactions to components of the formulated product
Patients with history of allergic or toxic reactions attributed to anthracyclines or a history of allergic reactions to components of the formulated product
Patients who have had prior chemotherapy for AML
Female patients who intend to donate eggs (ova) during the course of this study or 4 months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s)
Female patients who are both lactating and breastfeeding or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period or a positive urine pregnancy test on day 1 before first dose of study drug (if applicable)
Male patients who intend to donate sperm during the course of this study or 4 months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s)
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There are 4 Locations for this study
Tucson Arizona, 85724, United States
Los Angeles California, 90033, United States
Los Angeles California, 90033, United States
Miami Florida, 33136, United States
Cleveland Ohio, 44195, United States
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