Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Phase 2, Open-Label, Single Arm Study, With BST-236 in Adults With R/R AML or Higher-Risk MDS
An open label multi center study to assess the safety and efficacy of BST-236 as single agent in adult patients unfit for standard therapy with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or higher-risk (HR) Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) who fail to respond or relapsed following first line therapy.
Approximately 20 adult patients with relapsed and/or refractory AML and approximately 20 adult patients with relapsed and/or refractory HR MDS, will be enrolled into the study.
Patients will be treated with 1-2 induction courses and 2-4 maintenance courses. All patients will be followed for 1 year in the study and additional 1 year post study follow-up.
Documented diagnosis of MDS, according to World Health Organization (WHO) classification and Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) overall score ≥ 4.5 Or
Diagnosed AML according to the 2016 revision to the WHO classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia: ≥20% blasts in peripheral blood or bone marrow
Adult ≥18 years of age
MDS relapse following treatment with azacitidine or decitabine Or
MDS failure to achieve complete or partial response or stable disease with hematologic improvement after at least 4 cycles of azacitidine or decitabine, all within the last 1 year Or
MDS progression while on azacitidine or decitabine treatment irrespective of the number of cycles the patient has received Or
AML relapse after initial CR/CRi/CRh following treatment with: azacitidine, decitabine, Low-Dose Ara-C (LDAC) , venetoclax+HMA, or venetoclax+LDAC Or
AML failure to achieve CR, CRh or CRi following at least 4 cycles of azacitidine or decitabine or 2 cycles of venetoclax+HMA or venetoclax+LDAC within the last 1 year.
AML progression while on azacitidine, decitabine, LDAC, venetoclax+HMA, venetoclax+LDAC, irrespective of the number of cycles the patient has received.
Not able to receive an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) at the time of study enrolment.
Not eligible for intensive chemotherapy;
Age ≥75 years Or
Age ≥18 years with at least one of the following comorbidities:
Significant heart or lung comorbidities, as reflected by at least one of the following:
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤50%
Lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) ≤65% of expected
Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) ≤65% of expected
Chronic stable angina or congestive heart failure controlled with medication
Other comorbidity or conditions that the Investigator judges as incompatible with intensive chemotherapy, which must be documented
Creatinine clearance (estimated by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation or measured by 24 hours urine collection) ≥45 mL/min
Liver enzymes (aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5 times the upper limits of normal (ULN), unless attributed to leukemia (in AML patients)
Total bilirubin ≤3 XULN unless due to Gilbert disease
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
Women of reproductive potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 48 hours prior to the first day of any BST-236 treatment course
Women of reproductive potential must use two forms of effective birth control methods starting from at least 1 month prior to BST-236 first dose and until 3 months following the last BST-236 administration day (acceptable methods of birth control in this study include: surgical sterilization, intrauterine devices, oral contraceptives, contraceptive patch, long-acting injectable contraceptives, or double-barrier method condom or diaphragm with spermicide)
Male subjects must agree to refrain from unprotected sex and sperm donation from initial study drug administration until 3 months following the last dose of study drug
Subject must voluntarily sign and date an informed consent, approved by an Independent Ethics Committee (IEC)/Institutional Review Board (IRB), prior to the initiation of any screening or study-specific procedures
Patient must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
MDS or AML evolving from a pre-existing myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN)
MDS/MPN including chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and unclassifiable MDS/MPN
Acute promyelocytic leukemia
Previous treatment for AML or MDS with drugs other than HMA or LDAC or combinations of venetoclax with either HMA or LDAC
Previous allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or solid organ transplantation
Participation in a previous clinical trial involving use of an investigational drug within 30 days or at least 5 half-lives of tested drug (whichever is shorter) of study day 1
Peripheral White Blood Cell (WBC) count >30,000 /µL in the 48 hours prior to first BST-236 dose administration. Hydroxyurea administration or leukapheresis is permitted to meet this criterion
Administration of HMA, LDAC, or venetoclax within 14 days prior to Study Day 1
Previous treatment with cytarabine at a dose higher than 20 mg/ m2/d
Uncontrolled systemic fungal, bacterial, or viral infection (defined as ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection without improvement despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment)
Any medical or surgical condition, presence of laboratory abnormalities or psychiatric illness that may preclude safe and complete study participation based on the Investigator's judgment
Diagnosis of malignant disease (other than AML) within the previous 12 months (excluding basal cell carcinoma of the skin without complications, "in-situ" carcinoma, or other local malignancy excised or irradiated with a high probability of cure and not treated with systemic or topical chemotherapy)
Surgical procedure, excluding central venous catheter placement or other minor procedures (e.g. skin biopsy) in the 14 days prior to first BST-236 dose administration
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical composition as BST-236 and/or cytarabine
Life expectancy shorter than 3 months attributed to any known medical condition other than AML/MDS
In 12 leads ECG, corrected QT interval (QTc)>480msec or history of QT prolongation or Torsades de pointes
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There are 4 Locations for this study
Shreveport Louisiana, 71104, United States More Info
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
Charlottesville Virginia, 22903, United States More Info
Seattle Washington, 98109, United States More Info
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