Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial

Study of Anti-CD33 Chimeric Antigen Receptor-Expressing T Cells (CD33CART) in Children and Young Adults With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Summary

This is a phase 1/2 trial which aims to determine the safety and feasibility of anti-CD33 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) expressing T cells (CD33CART) in children and adolescents/young adults (AYAs) with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The trial will be done in two phases: Phase 1 will determine the maximum tolerated dose of CD33CART cells using a 3+3 trial design. Phase 2 is an expansion phase designed to evaluate the rate of response to CD33CART.

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Full Description

This study consists of two phases. The objectives of Phase 1 and Phase 2 are:

Phase 1:

Autologous Arm: To determine the maximum tolerated dose of lentivirally transduced autologous CD33-redirected CAR-T cells (CD33CART) in children and young adults with relapsed/refractory AML

Allogeneic Arm: To determine the maximum tolerated dose of lentivirally transduced allogeneic CD33-redirected CAR-T cells (ALLO-CD33CART) in children and young adults with post-HSCT relapsed/refractory AML

Phase 2:

To determine the percentage of recipients treated with CD33CART who achieve morphologic remission (<5% blasts in marrow) at Day 28 post-CD33CART cell infusion

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Recipients >1 year to <35 years of age with AML in 2nd or greater relapse or refractory to 2 or more induction attempts without central nervous system (CNS) CNS3 disease and who have a suitable allogeneic HCT donor and a performance status of > 50% may be eligible for study. For those patients with post-HCT relapse enrolled to the allogeneic arm, patients must be at least 100 days post-HCT and not have any evidence of active GVHD or be on systemic immunosuppression for the GVHD.

Related Donors: A donor from prior HCT who is fully matched by institutional standards and able to undergo apheresis for T-cell collection.

Recipient Inclusion Criteria

Recipients must have CD33+ AML in second or greater relapse, post-transplant relapse, or have demonstrated chemotherapy-refractory disease (definitions in criteria 2c) to be eligible to participate in this trial.

Disease status at the time of enrollment:

Recipients in second or greater relapse will be eligible with relapse defined as >5% blasts (bone marrow) after second documented complete remission
Any degree of detectable disease post-transplant relapse will be eligible (with flow cytometric confirmation of CD33+ myeloid leukemia of at least 0.1%)
Refractory disease is defined as persistent bone marrow involvement with >5% blasts after two courses of induction chemotherapy for patients at initial presentation or >5% bone marrow blasts after one course of re-induction chemotherapy for patients in relapse;
CD33 expression must be detected on greater than 50% of the malignant cells by immunohistochemistry or greater than 80% by flow cytometry;
Age: Greater than or equal to 1 year of age and less than or equal to 35 years of age at time of enrollment.
All recipients must have an allogeneic HCT donor identified with a plan to proceed to HCT conditioning within 6-8 weeks of CD33CART cell infusion;
Patients with two prior allogenic donor stem cell transplants must be medically fit for a third allogenic donor stem cell transplant
Performance status: > 50% (for recipients > 16 years of age use Karnofsky ≥ 50%; recipients < 16 years of age: Lansky scale ≥ 50%) (see Appendix II). Recipients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are upright in a wheelchair will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of calculating the performance score;

Adequate organ function as defined by:

Cardiac function: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 45% or fractional shortening ≥28%
Pulmonary function: baseline oxygen saturation > 92% on room air at rest

Hepatic function:

Total bilirubin < grade 2 bilirubin CTCAE version 5 (<3 x ULN) (except in case of recipients with documented Gilbert's disease > 3 x ULN)
AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) < 5 x institutional ULN (< grade 3)
Renal function: Serum creatinine must be < 1.2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) according to age. If the serum creatinine is greater than 1.2 x ULN, the patient must have a creatinine clearance (CrCl) > 70mL/min/1.73 m2 (measured by 24 hour- urine specimen or radioisotope GFR).
Recipients > 18 years of age must have the ability to give informed consent according to applicable regulatory and local institutional requirements. Legal guardian permission must be obtained for recipients < 18 years of age. Pediatric recipients will be included in age-appropriate discussion in order to obtain assent; Adults with cognitive impairment who are unable to consent and those with Down Syndrome are also eligible for this protocol with the proper assessments as outlined in Protocol Section 11.2.
Enrollment in the NMDP protocol: Protocol for a Research Database for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Other Cellular Therapies and Marrow Toxicity Injuries.

Recipient Exclusion Criteria

Recipients meeting any of the following criteria are not eligible for participation in the study:

Recipients with radiologically-detected CNS chloromas or CNS 3 disease (presence of ≥ 5/μL white blood cells (WBCs) in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and cytospin positive for blasts [in the absence of a traumatic lumbar puncture] and/or clinical signs of CNS leukemia such as a cranial nerve palsy from active disease). Recipients with adequately treated CNS leukemia are eligible;
Hyperleukocytosis (≥ 50,000 blasts/μL) or rapidly progressive disease that in the estimation of the investigator and sponsor would compromise ability to complete study therapy;
Pregnancy (negative serum or urine pregnancy test must be obtained at time of enrollment for females of childbearing potential and to be repeated 72 hours prior to lymphodepleting chemotherapy regimen);
Breast feeding;
Sexually active female recipients of childbearing potential and male recipients who are of childbearing potential and are unwilling to practice birth control at time of enrollment and for four months after receiving the lymphodepletion preparative regimen;
Active or uncontrolled viral, bacterial or fungal infection. May be receiving ongoing therapy for controlled infection

Recent prior therapy:

At treatment enrollment:

Patients may be on lower-intensity chemotherapy (e.g., TKIs, venetoclax, hydroxyurea, azacytidine, decitabine or similar agents) at the time of enrollment to prevent disease progression. There is no timing restriction of intrathecal chemotherapy for enrollment.

Prior to apheresis: The following wash-out periods apply prior to apheresis

Systemic chemotherapy ≤ 14 days with the exception of:

Hydroxyurea: 1 day
Azacytidine/decitabine and/or venetoclax: 7 days
Intrathecal chemotherapy > 3 days
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors: 3 half-lives or 7 days, whichever is shorter (See Appendix XVIII)
Checkpoint inhibitors or antibody-based therapies: 3 half-lives
Investigational anti-neoplastic agents: 28 days
Clofarabine or nitrosureas: 42 days
Steroid therapy: Not allowed unless at or below physiologic doses (eg, hydrocortisone replacement for prior adrenal insufficiency)
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy (including CNS) must have been completed at least 21 days prior to apheresis with the exception of no time restriction if the volume of bone marrow treated is less than 10% and also the recipient has measurable/evaluable disease outside the radiation field.
CAR T-cell therapy: Excluded unless at least 30 days from prior CAR T-cell infusion and without detectable circulating CAR T-cells **Please see protocol section 2.5.1 for guidance on wash-out parameters prior to initiation of LD chemotherapy

Recipients with any history of allogeneic stem cell transplantation are excluded if:

Recipients are less than 100 days post-transplant OR
Recipients have evidence of ongoing active GVHD and are taking immunosuppressive agents (>0.5 mg/kg/methylprednisolone equivalents or other immunosuppression for GVHD treatment) OR
Recipients have received DLI within 30 days prior to enrollment OR
Recipients are on active immunosuppression for GVHD prophylaxis (must be off for 30 days prior to enrollment)
Recipients who enroll to the ALLO-CD33CART arm must not have had any prior history of > grade 3 acute GVHD or severe chronic GVHD

HIV/HBV/HCV Infection:

Seropositive for HIV 1 or 2 (Recipients with HIV are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in recipient receiving combination antiretroviral therapy in the future should study results indicate effectiveness)
Seropositive for Hepatitis C or positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAG)
Uncontrolled, symptomatic, intercurrent illness including but not limited to infection, congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, psychiatric illness, or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or in the opinion of the site PI would pose an unacceptable risk to the recipient

Active second malignancy will not be eligible with the following exceptions:

Treatment-related or secondary CD33+ myeloid malignancy which may potentially benefit from CD33CART (which may be considered for enrollment),
Carcinoma in situ of the cervix (which may be considered for enrollment),
Recipient is in remission from a prior second malignancy (which may be considered for enrollment)
History of severe, immediate hypersensitivity reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to any agents used in study or in the manufacturing of the cells (i.e. gentamicin).

Donor inclusion criteria

Must be the same donor whose cells were used as the source for the patient's most recent stem cell transplant
Donors > 18 years of age must have the ability to give informed consent according to applicable regulatory and local institutional requirements. Legal guardian permission must be obtained for donors < 18 years of age. Pediatric donors will be included in age-appropriate discussion in order to obtain assent;
HLA-matched related sibling (or alternative fully matched relative)

Adequate venous access for peripheral apheresis, or without a contradiction to undergoing temporary line placement.

For donors who have previously undergone collection for DLI and have a cryopreserved unmobilized product, this may be considered for use as the starting material

Donor exclusion criteria

Pregnancy (negative serum or urine pregnancy test must be obtained at time of enrollment for females of childbearing potential and to be repeated 72 hours prior to apheresis)

HIV/HBV/HCV Infection:

Seropositive for HIV 1 or 2
Seropositive for Hepatitis C or positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAG)
Uncontrolled, symptomatic, intercurrent illness including but not limited to infection, congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, psychiatric illness, or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or in the opinion of the site PI would pose an unacceptable risk to the donor

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

52

Study ID:

NCT03971799

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research

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There are 6 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

Children's Hospital of Los Angeles
Los Angeles California, 90027, United States More Info
Emily Hsieh, MD
Principal Investigator
Children's Hospital of Colorado
Aurora Colorado, 80045, United States More Info
Erica Deckert-Nino
Contact
720-777-6593
[email protected]
Michael Verneris, MD
Principal Investigator
National Cancer Institute - NIH
Bethesda Maryland, 20892, United States More Info
NCI Pediatric Leukemia Lymphoma BMT Team
Contact
240-760-6970
[email protected]
Nirali Shah, MD, MHSc
Principal Investigator
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston Massachusetts, 02215, United States More Info
Alyssa Giammanco
Contact
[email protected]
Susanne Baumeister, MD
Principal Investigator
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19104, United States More Info
Kathleen Kane
Contact
[email protected]
Richard Aplenc, MD, PhD
Principal Investigator
Sarah Tasian, MD
Sub-Investigator
Amanda DiNofia, MD
Sub-Investigator
Seattle Children's Hospital/Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle Washington, 98105, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

52

Study ID:

NCT03971799

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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