Bladder Cancer Clinical Trial

Functional Outcomes and Quality of Life in Patients Undergoing Surgery for Rectal Cancer

Summary

The purpose of this study is to find out what happens to patients after they have surgery for rectal cancer. After being treated for rectal cancer, patients tell us that their bowel, bladder and sexual function have changed. We are trying to understand how these changes affect your quality of life. The research that we have now does not explain these changes or problems very well. The patients will be asked questions about bowel function, bladder function, sexual function, and quality of life so we can understand these changes better. This will help us take better care of our patients in the future, before and after their treatment for rectal cancer.

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Full Description

Rectal cancer is the second most common cancer in North America. Therapy has rapidly improved over the last 20 years, and the surgical technique of total mesorectal excision, as well as advances in radiation and chemotherapy, have resulted in improved survival and decreased local recurrence. As a result, survivorship issues become increasingly important for patients with rectal cancer.

Patients uniformly demonstrate a strong desire to avoid a permanent stoma and show strong preferences for sphincter preserving surgery (SPS). With the introduction of the circular stapler, SPS is technically possible in a higher proportion of patients. Additionally, even tumors at the anorectal ring are considered amenable to SPS in select patients with ultra-low rectal cancers.

At present, long-term outcomes after rectal cancer surgery are poorly understood. Bowel, bladder and sexual function appear to be negatively affected by multi-modality therapy. However, function has been poorly studied, and it is difficult to translate the data into clinically meaningful information for patients. Clinically, bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction seem to affect quality of life (QOL), although this has never been well studied. It is important to quantify the extent of impairment so that it can be used to educate patients preoperatively. However, translating these data to clinicians and patients remains challenging, and efforts to convey the data in a meaningful manner preoperatively constitute an important element in managing patient expectations. By understanding patients' baseline needs, expectations and satisfaction at the time of the preoperative consent, we can begin to develop novel preoperative strategies for educating patients about postoperative function and quality of life in a meaningful manner, so that they may better adapt after surgery. We ultimately plan to use data from this study to develop and subsequently evaluate the role of an educational tool outlining functional outcomes after rectal cancer surgery.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Stage I-III rectal adenocarcinoma based on preoperative testing
Surgery (Sphincter preserving - transanal (TAE),transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM), low anterior resection (LAR), coloanal resection (CAA), OR Permanent stoma - abdominal perineal resection (APR)) planned at MSKCC
Age > or = to 18
Speak English

Exclusion Criteria:

Stage IV disease at time of pre-operative consult
History of other malignancies (besides squamous cell or basal cell cancer of skin) less than five years ago

Study is for people with:

Bladder Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

229

Study ID:

NCT00579579

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York New York, 10065, United States

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Study is for people with:

Bladder Cancer

Estimated Enrollment:

229

Study ID:

NCT00579579

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:


Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

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