Bladder Cancer Clinical Trial

Nivolumab and RT in Treating Patients With Localized/Locally Advanced Urothelial Bladder Cancer Ineligible for Chemo

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab works with radiation therapy in treating patients with urothelial bladder cancer that has spread from its original site of growth to nearby tissues or lymph nodes and are ineligible for chemotherapy. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving nivolumab and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with urothelial bladder cancer.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the 12-month rate of progression-free survival (PFS) achieved with the combination of nivolumab, a programmed death (PD-1) inhibitor, and radiation therapy in localized/locally advanced urothelial cancer patients, who are chemotherapy ineligible, to a historical control reference 12-month PFS rate.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the toxicity of concurrent nivolumab and radiation therapy in urothelial cancer.

II. To determine overall response rate (ORR). III. To determine metastasis-free survival (MFS). IV. To determine overall survival (OS). V. To evaluate the quality of life and bladder functioning during and after the therapy.

VI. To explore the relationships of PD-1 expression, PDL-1 expression, and the Th1/Th2 cytokine ratio to clinical outcomes (response, PFS, MFS, and OS).

OUTLINE:

Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days (2 weeks) for up to 14 courses (6 months) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 3 days of course 1, patients undergo radiation therapy over 32-35 on weeks 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 12 months.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Localized urothelial cancer of bladder with presence of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) component; mixed histologies are allowed Clinical or pathologic stage T2 -T4 disease including T4a and 4b if feasible to treat with radiation therapy Locoregional lymph node metastases are permitted but patients with distant metastases are ineligible; imaging to evaluate for distant metastases should consist of a minimum of computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of abdomen/pelvis or CT urogram and a chest x-ray (CXR) or CT chest; patients for which there is clinical suspicion or symptoms of bone metastasis should have a bone scan completed to rule out metastatic disease prior to enrollment on study Agreeable to consider radiation therapy (RT) for the urothelial cancer: patients have to be evaluated by a radiation oncologist and deemed to be candidates for RT

The patients must not be candidates for chemotherapy due to at least one of the following reasons:

Performance status of 2
Creatinine clearance =< 60 ml/min as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula
Cardiac disease such as New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure or cardiac ischemia within the last 12 months, grade 2 or greater neuropathy, or other comorbidities based on which patient is not considered a candidate for chemotherapy Alkaline phosphatase =< 3 x upper limit of normal Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x upper limit of normal Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal Bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3 Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL Platelets >= 100 K/mm^3 Performance score (PS) of 0-2 by Zubrod score Life expectancy of 12 months Willingness to sign informed consent Patients cannot have active autoimmune disease or immunosuppressive conditions Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X institutional ULN or creatinine clearance > 40 ml/min as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula In females with childbearing potential, or men with partners of child bearing potential, willingness to use adequate contraception for a minimum duration of 155 days in females and 215 days in males, after last dose of nivolumab Maximal tumor resection has been performed as feasible

Exclusion Criteria:

- The subject has received cytotoxic chemotherapy (including investigational cytotoxic chemotherapy) or biologic agents (e.g., cytokines or antibodies) for urothelial cancer within 4 weeks, or intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) within 6 weeks of the first dose of study treatment Prior treatment with any PD-1 or PDL-1 inhibitor

The subject has received therapeutic radiation:

To the bladder/prostate/rectum pelvis
To any other site(s) within 28 days of the first dose of study treatment Obstructive renal failure that is not relieved with stents or nephrostomy tube/s The subject has received any other type of investigational agent within 28 days before the first dose of study treatment Steroid doses greater than an equivalent of prednisone 10 mg daily The subject has prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test results at screening >= 2 x the laboratory ULN Uncontrolled hematuria

The subject has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness including, but not limited to, the following conditions:

Cardiovascular disorders such as uncontrolled arrhythmias or uncontrolled congestive heart failure

Gastrointestinal disorders particularly those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation including:

Any of the following at the time of screening

Active peptic ulcer disease,
Active inflammatory bowel disease (including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease), diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis

Any of the following within 6 months before the first dose of study treatment:

History of abdominal fistula
Bowel perforation The subject has a previously identified allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the study treatment formulation The subject is unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator or designee Presence of another invasive malignancy, which required systemic therapy within 12 months of protocol enrollment, except for resected skin cancers or prostate cancer that is in remission Pregnant or nursing women Patient is a candidate for radical cystectomy as a potentially curative option. The patient may not be a candidate for radical cystectomy due to any of the following reasons: comorbidities, patient preference, or physician discretion. Patients with inherited syndromes associated with hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation (e.g., ataxia-telangiectasia, Nijmegen breakage syndrome)

Study is for people with:

Bladder Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

20

Study ID:

NCT03421652

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

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There are 2 Locations for this study

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Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit Michigan, 48201, United States
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo New York, 14263, United States

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Study is for people with:

Bladder Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

20

Study ID:

NCT03421652

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

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