Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Pre-Surgical Study: Effect of Metformin on Breast Cancer Proliferation
The purpose of this pilot study is to use a pre surgical intervention model to evaluate the biologic effects of metformin in women with newly diagnosed early invasive breast cancer. Metformin is a drug commonly used to treat patients with diabetes. This model will be used to evaluate the effects of metformin.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States. Several epidemiologic studies have found an increased risk of breast cancer in women with type 2 diabetes. This association appears to be mediated by a state of hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance. Population based studies have also found a decreased risk of cancer in diabetic patients taking metformin, an oral biguanide derivative. Proposed mechanisms include its effect on lowering serum insulin levels as well as modulation of cellular signaling pathways which inhibit tumor cellular proliferation.
Histologically-confirmed operable invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who undergo core needle biopsy followed by surgical excision at least 2 weeks after enrollment
Body mass index > 25
Age ≥ 21 years
No prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery within 6 months of study entry
Signed informed consent
History of diabetes mellitus requiring medical therapy
Treatment with other investigational drugs within 6 months of study entry
Significant renal impairment with a creatinine > 1.4 mg/dl
Other serious intercurrent medical illness
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There is 1 Location for this study
New York New York, 10032, United States
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