Breast Cancer Clinical Trial

Partial Breast Irradiation (PBI) Using 40 Gy for Select Patients With Early Invasive or Noninvasive Breast Cancer

Summary

Currently the standard of care is to treat early stage invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with a combination of lumpectomy and radiotherapy, known as "breast-conserving therapy" (BCT). The traditional method of giving radiation therapy after a lumpectomy is to the whole breast.

However the investigators do not know if the whole breast needs to be receive radiation to better control your cancer or only a more limited area of the breast surrounding the tumor. The purpose of this study is to see the side effects of delivering partial breast irradiation (PBI) instead of whole breast irradiation (WBI). PBI is radiation therapy given only to the area of the breast where the cancer was removed. Another purpose of this study is to look long term at the rate at which cancer comes back in the same breast after PBI.

WBI is radiation therapy given 5 days a week for 5 to 7 weeks to the whole breast. Partial breast irradiation radiation therapy (PBI) is much shorter than whole breast irradiation. The investigators propose to deliver the PBI radiation therapy, for a few minutes a day, once a day, five days a week, for 2 weeks.

In this study the investigators will learn about the good and bad effects of PBI radiation therapy. In this study, the investigators will also learn about how the breast looks after surgery and radiation therapy.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Female
Age ≥ 18 years
Unicentric Stage I (T1N0M0) invasive ductal breast cancer or Grade 1 or II DCIS measuring <2 cm on pathology andor mammogram that is histologically confirmed at MSKCC
Histologically negative tumor margin 2 mm or more from any inked edges or no tumor in a re-excision specimen or final shaved specimen
ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1
Granulocytes ≥1,500/μl and platelet count must be ≥100,000/μl at the beginning of therapy for patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy
Women >70 years or older with T1 invasive ductal carcinoma who are estrogen-receptor positive (ER+) with clinically negative axillary nodes and do not undergo surgical lymph node evaluation are eligible if patient will take hormonal therapy.
Patients with T1N0(i+) tumors on sentinel lymph node mapping or dissection (i.e., if tumor deposit is 0.2 mm or less, regardless of whether the deposit is detected by immunohistochemistry or hematoxylin and eosin staining) will also be eligible.
Clips must be placed in the lumpectomy cavity at the time of final excision in order to aid in the delineation of the tumor cavity at the time of simulation and radiation delivery.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with distant metastasis.
Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Patients with diffuse (>1 quadrant or >5 cm) suspicious microcalcifications.
Prior radiation therapy to the ipsilateral or contralateral breast or thorax.
Histological evidence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI). Cases termed focally suspicious for LVI but where no definitive LVI is found are eligible.
Histologic evidence of EIC, defined as the presence of intraductal carcinoma both within the primary infiltrating ductal tumor (comprising at least 25% of the tumor area) and intraductal carcinoma present clearly beyond the edges of the invasive tumor, or as a predominantly intraductal tumor with one or more areas of focal invasion.
Patients are not required to undergo BRCA1 and BRCA2 or other genetic mutation tests in order to enroll on the study. However, in the event a patient is tested and is found to be a mutation carrier, she would be excluded from the study. It would be an extremely rare/unlikely scenario for patients to be discovered BRCA positive after the completion of PBI, as all patients with risk factors for BRCA mutations (positive family history, Ashkenazi Jewish descent, ER-/PR-/her2-neu negative receptor status) are usually tested prior to radiation. Should such a situation exist, these patients will not receive additional RT and the patient will be replaced in the trial.
History of cosmetic or reconstructive breast surgery.
Psychiatric illness that would prevent the patient from giving informed consent.
Patients for whom the delivery of PBI is not feasible
Medical condition such as uncontrolled infection (including HIV), uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, or connective tissue diseases (lupus, systemic sclerosis, or other collagen vascular diseases) that, in the opinion of the treating physician, would make this protocol unreasonably hazardous for the patient.
Patients with a "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers. Patients are not considered to have "currently active" malignancies if they have completed therapy and are considered by their physicians to be at <5% risk of relapse within 3 years.
Patients who are already enrolled in or planning to enroll in other adjuvant systemic therapy protocols for both non-invasive or invasive breast cancer.

Study is for people with:

Breast Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

110

Study ID:

NCT01203839

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Check Your Eligibility

Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.

What is your age and gender ?

Submit

There are 7 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

Memorial Sloan Kettering at Basking Ridge (Follow-up Only)
Basking Ridge New Jersey, 07920, United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering Monmouth (Follow-up Only)
Middletown New Jersey, 07748, United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering Bergen (Follow-up Only)
Montvale New Jersey, 07645, United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center @ Suffolk (Follow-up Only)
Commack New York, 11725, United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering Westchester (Follow-up Only)
Harrison New York, 10604, United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York New York, 10065, United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering at Mercy Medical Center (Follow-up Only)
Rockville Centre New York, , United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering Nassau
Uniondale New York, 11553, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Breast Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

110

Study ID:

NCT01203839

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:


Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

×

Introducing, the Journey Bar

Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.