Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Pembrolizumab and Enobosarm in Treating Patients With Androgen Receptor Positive Metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well pembrolizumab and enobosarm work in treating patients with androgen receptor positive triple negative breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Androgen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using enobosarm may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of androgen by the tumor cells. Giving pembrolizumab and enobosarm may work better than pembrolizumab alone in treating patients with androgen receptor positive triple negative breast cancer.
I. To evaluate the safety/tolerability of the combination regimen. II. To determine the response rate (complete response [CR] or partial response [PR] via Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1) of the combination of pembrolizumab with enobosarm (GTx-024) in patients with advanced androgen receptor (AR) positive (+) triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
I. To evaluate clinical outcomes by RECIST 1.1 including clinical benefit rate (CBR) at 24 weeks, progression free-survival (PFS), duration of response (DOR), event free survival (EFS), time-to-treatment failure (TTF); and overall survival (OS).
II. To evaluate the role of immune-related response criteria (irRECIST). III. To evaluate the association of AR by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and clinical response.
I. To evaluate the association of an AR gene expression signature and clinical response.
II. To evaluate genomic and phenotypic status of breast tumor. III. To evaluate the effect of the combination therapy on peripheral blood circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (ctDNA).
IV. To evaluate the effect of combination therapy on tumor-derived exosomes (TEX) and TEX associated immune biomarkers.
V. Immune correlatives:
Va. To evaluate pre-treatment programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) as a predictor of response to combination therapy.
Vb. To evaluate specific TIL subsets (e.g. CD4, CD8, regulatory T cell [Treg] distribution) and other immunological correlatives (e.g. T cell receptor [TCR] repertoire analysis) as possible predictors of response.
Vc. To evaluate change in TILs as a result of the combination therapy. Vd. To evaluate peripheral blood, immune biomarkers.
Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 and enobosarm orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 35 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 and 90 days, every 3 months, and bi-annually.
Documented informed consent
Willing to provide a sample from a recently obtained (within 42 days prior to initiation of day 1) biopsy of a tumor lesion
If recently-obtained samples are unavailable an archived metastatic specimen not previously irradiated may be submitted upon agreement from the study principal investigator (PI)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 1
Life expectancy of > 3 months
Metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC)
Measurable disease per RECIST version (v)1.1 criteria: at least 1 lesion of > 10 mm in long axis diameter for non-lymph nodes or > 15 mm in short axis diameter for lymph nodes that is serially measurable according to RECIST 1.1 using computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or panoramic and close-up color photography
Histologically proven diagnosis of TNBC per current American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guideline
Estrogen receptor (ER) negative (ER expression =< 10% positive tumor nuclei), progesterone receptor (PR) negative (PR expression =< 10% positive tumor nuclei) and HER2 negative breast cancer by IHC and /or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
Androgen receptor positive (AR+)
Defined as >= 50% nuclear AR staining by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in either the primary or metastatic lesion
NOTE: research testing of AR status is available at City of Hope (COH) Pathology
Resolution of grade 2 and above toxicities of most recent therapy except for stable sensory neuropathy (=< grade 2) and alopecia
Female (childbearing potential): use an adequate method of birth control (except hormonal contraception) or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication
Childbearing potential defined as not being surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
Male: use and adequate method of contraception with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy
Note: abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3 (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment) (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR direct bilirubin =< ULN if total bilirubin levels > 1.5 x ULN (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN OR =< 5.0 x ULN if liver metastases present (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN OR creatinine clearance (if measured or calculated per institutional standard; glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min if creatinine levels > 1.5 x ULN (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Female of childbearing potential only: negative urine or serum pregnancy test; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required (within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy)
Anti-programmed cell death protein-1 (anti-PD-1), PD ligand-1 (PD-L1), PD ligand-2 (PD-L2) agent, an antibody targeting other immuno-regulatory receptors or mechanisms
Radiotherapy within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
AR targeted agents (including GTx-024, enzalutamide or other AR targeted therapies)
Investigational agent within 21 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
Hormone replacement therapies (estrogens, megestrol acetate) within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
Live-virus vaccination within 30 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, antineoplastic biologic therapy, or major surgery within 21 days of the first dose of trial medication
Testosterone or testosterone-like agents (methyltestosterone, oxandrolone, oxymetholone, danazol, fluoxymesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, androstenedione) other androgenic compounds or anti-androgens within 30 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy
Chronic systemic steroid therapy or on any other form of immunosuppressive medication
Unstable or untreated brain/leptomeningeal metastasis
Clinically active diverticulitis, intra-abdominal abscess, gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, or abdominal carcinomatosis (known risks factors for bowel perforation)
Active central nervous system metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
Severe hypersensitivity reaction to treatment with another monoclonal antibody
Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (replacement therapies for hormone deficiencies are allowed)
Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or hepatitis C
History of pneumonitis (non-infectious) that required steroids or current pneumonitis
Diagnosed with or treated for cancer within the previous two years, other than breast cancer or non-melanoma carcinoma of the skin
Unable to swallow capsules
Currently on bisphosphonate or denosumab with elevated serum calcium levels corrected for albumin/ionized calcium levels outside of institutional normal limits
Female: pregnant or lactating
Concomitant medical condition that precludes adequate study treatment compliance or assessment, or increases subject risk, in the opinion of the investigator, such as but not limited to:
Myocardial infarction or arterial thromboembolic events within 6 months prior to baseline or severe or unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV disease, or a QTCB (corrected according to Bazett's formula) interval > 470 msec; serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia grade II or higher according to NYHA; uncontrolled hypertension (systolic > 150 and/or diastolic > 100 mm Hg)
Acute and chronic active infectious disorders and non-malignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by the complications of this study therapy
Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drugs (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome)
Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)
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There are 7 Locations for this study
Corona California, 92879, United States
Duarte California, 91010, United States
Lancaster California, 93534, United States
Mission Hills California, 91345, United States
Rancho Cucamonga California, 91730, United States
South Pasadena California, 91030, United States
West Covina California, 91790, United States
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