Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Pre-Surgical Intervention for Targeted Therapies for Breast Cancer
The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of a short term administration of a targeted therapy (i.e., anastrozole) in women with newly diagnosed early invasive or non invasive breast cancer during the interval between their breast biopsy and surgery. Anastrozole is a form of hormonal therapy which is part of the standard treatment for hormone sensitive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. This clinical model is being used to evaluate the biologic effects of this drug on a specific molecular pathway called the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.
Several clinical models are being explored for use in the phase I/II evaluation of targeted therapies for breast cancer. Biological markers can be measured in early stage invasive cancers in a presurgical model involving a short term intervention. In this model, women with newly diagnosed early invasive breast cancer receive a study drug during the interval between diagnostic breast biopsy and surgical resection. Tumor tissue obtained from the biopsy and surgical specimens are used to measure pre and post treatment molecular markers, respectively. The main advantages of this model include the ability to obtain direct information on molecular response in tumor tissue and elucidate drug mechanisms of action, the large patient population to draw from with early stage breast cancer, and the lack of unnecessary invasive procedures.
We plan to conduct a pilot study of 10 postmenopausal women with newly diagnosed estrogen receptor (ER) positive invasive or non invasive breast cancer who will receive oral anastrozole 1mg daily for two weeks in the interval between diagnostic breast biopsy and definitive breast surgery. Patients will be identified by the breast surgeon or mammographer performing the breast biopsy. Patients with histologically confirmed ER+ invasive or non invasive breast cancer will be recruited by the medical oncologist and will start anastrozole two weeks prior to their scheduled surgery. The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of this presurgical model for evaluating targeted therapies for breast cancer. Secondary endpoints include changes in tissue levels of the proliferation marker Ki67 and proteins involved in PI3K/AKT signaling.
Histologically-confirmed operable ER+ and/or PR+ invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), who undergo core needle biopsy followed by surgical excision at least 2 weeks after enrollment
Postmenopausal status defined as cessation of menses for >1 year or FSH > 20 mIU/mL (within the past month)
Age ≥ 21 years
No prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery within 6 months of study entry
Signed informed consent
Treatment with other investigational drugs within 6 months of study entry
Other serious intercurrent medical illness
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There is 1 Location for this study
New York New York, 10032, United States
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