Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Ribociclib (LEE011) in Combination With Letrozole for the Treatment of Men and Pre/Postmenopausal Women With HR+ HER2- aBC
The purpose of this study is to collect additional safety and efficacy data for the combination of ribociclib + letrozole in men and pre/postmenopausal women with HR+HER2- advanced breast cancer and no prior hormonal treatment for advanced disease..
This is an open-label, single arm, multi-center Phase IIIb study. The study is composed of 2 phases: Core Phase and Extension Phase. In the Core Phase, safety and efficacy data was collected. The study treatment during the Core Phase was provided until disease progression, death, unacceptable toxicities, physician's decision, subject/guardian's decision, protocol deviation, study termination by sponsor, lost to follow-up, technical problems or up to 18 months after LPFV. The extension phase is still on-going, and results of the extension phase will be provided after study completion.
In the event that patients were still deriving benefit at the end of the Core phase and ribociclib was not approved or available and reimbursed, patients were transitioned to the Extension Phase and will continue to receive study treatment until progression, intolerance, death or physician/patient decision. Only safety and clinical benefit (as assessed by investigator) data will be collected in the Extension Phase. During the Extension Phase, if ribociclib is approved and reimbursed, patients will be transitioned to prescription or drug access/support program(s) according to local laws and regulations. The Extension Phase is ongoing.
Canadian sub-study: this sub-study is a multicenter Canadian exploratory correlative sample collection sub-study that aims to better understand mechanisms of response and resistance to ribociclib in combination with letrozole therapy. This sub-study was available for all Canadian subjects enrolled on the main study and did not alter the planned treatment.
Key Inclusion Criteria:
Male or female advanced (locoregionally recurrent or metastatic) breast cancer not amenable to curative therapy.
In the case of women, both pre/perimenopausal and postmenopausal patients are allowed to be included in this study; menopausal status is relevant for the requirement of goserelin to be used concomitantly with ribociclib and letrozole.
Postmenopausal status is defined either by:
I). Prior bilateral oophorectomy OR ii). Age ≥ 60 OR iii). Age < 60 and amenorrhea for 12 or more months (in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, toremifen, or ovarian suppression) and FSH and estradiol in the postmenopausal range per local normal range. If patient is taking tamoxifen or toremifene and age < 60, then FSH and plasma estradiol levels should be in post-menopausal range per local normal range (NCCN Guidelines version 2.2017).
Note: For women with therapy-induced amenorrhea, serial measurements of FSH and/or estradiol are needed to ensure menopausal status.
Premenopausal status is defined as either:
I). Patient had last menstrual period within the last 12 months, OR ii). If on tamoxifen or toremifene within the past 14 days, plasma estradiol and FSH must be in the premenopausal range per local normal range, OR iii). In case of therapy induced amenorrhea, plasma estradiol and/or FSH must be in the premenopausal range per local normal range.
Perimenopausal status is define as neither premenopausal nor postmenopausal Note: Throughout this document, perimenopausal and premenopausal status is grouped together and referred as "Premenopausal"
Patient has a histologically and/or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of estrogen-receptor positive and/or progesterone receptor positive breast cancer by local laboratory.
Patient has HER2-negative breast cancer defined as a negative in situ hybridization test or an IHC status of 0, 1+ or 2+. If IHC is 2+, a negative in situ hybridization (FISH, CISH, or SISH) test is required by local laboratory testing.
Patient has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2
Patient has adequate bone marrow and organ function as defined by ALL of the following laboratory values (as assessed by local laboratory):
Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 × 10^9/L
Platelets ≥ 100 × 10^9/L
Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
Potassium, sodium, calcium corrected for serum albumin and magnesium within normal limits or corrected to within normal limits with supplements before first dose of the study medication
Serum creatinine <1.5 mg/dl or creatinine clearance≥50 mL/min
In absence of liver metastases, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) should be below 2.5 × ULN. If the patient has liver metastases, ALT and AST should be < 5 × ULN.
Total serum bilirubin < ULN; or total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 × ULN with direct bilirubin within normal range in patients with well-documented Gilbert's Syndrome
Patient must have a 12-lead ECG with ALL of the following parameters at screening:
QTcF interval at screening <450 msec (using Fridericia's correction)
Resting heart rate ≥ 50 bpm
Key Exclusion Criteria:
Patient who received any CDK4/6 inhibitor
Patient who received any prior systemic hormonal therapy for advanced breast cancer; no more than one prior regimen of chemotherapy for the treatment of metastatic disease is permitted
Patients who received (neo) adjuvant therapy for breast cancer are eligible. If the prior neo (adjuvant) therapy included letrozole or anastrozole the disease free interval must be greater than 12 months from the completion of treatment until study entry.
Patients who received ≤ 28 days of letrozole or anastrozole for advanced disease prior to inclusion in this trial are eligible.
Any prior (neo) adjuvant anti-cancer therapy or prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease must be stopped at least 5 half-lives or 7 days, whichever is longer, before study inclusion.
Patient is concurrently using other anti-cancer therapy.
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