Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage IV Breast Cancer
This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of escalating doses of adoptive T cell therapy in treating patients with stage IV breast cancer. Vaccines are given to patient prior the expansion of a person's white blood cells may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells that overexpress human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)
I. To evaluate the safety of infusing escalating doses of HER2 specific T cells into patients with advanced HER2+ breast cancer using ex vivo expanded autologous T cells.
I. To investigate to what extent HER2 specific T cell immunity can be boosted or generated in individuals after infusion of HER2 specific T cells.
II. To evaluate how long T cell immune augmentation persists in vivo after adoptive transfer of HER2 specific T cells and subsequent booster immunizations.
III. To determine the development of cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ and CD8+ epitope spreading after adoptive transfer of HER2 specific T cells.
I. To investigate the potential anti-tumor effects of HER2 specific T cells in patients with advanced HER2+ breast cancer.
II. To determine whether indium-labeled HER-2 specific T-cells traffic to sites of metastatic disease once adoptively transferred using SPECT or SPECT-CT imaging.
III. To assess whether adoptively transferred HER-2 specific T-cells induce acute inflammation at metastatic sites of disease by assessing the development of tumor inflammation after the second or third infusion of cells using PET-CT imaging.
OUTLINE: This is a phase I/II, dose-escalation study of ex vivo-expanded HER2-specific autologous T cells.
Patients receive HER2/neu peptide vaccine admixed with sargramostim (GM-CSF) intradermally (ID) on days 1, 8, and 15. Beginning 2 weeks later, patients undergo leukapheresis to isolate and collect peripheral blood mononuclear cells for T-cell expansion.
Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) once on day -1 and autologous ex vivo-expanded HER2-specific T cell IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 7-10 days for up to three treatments. Patients receive a booster HER2/neu peptide vaccine 1 month after the final T-cell infusion, followed by 2 additional booster vaccines at 2-month intervals.
While on the study, patients may continue their standard-of-care (non-research) treatment with trastuzumab and/or lapatinib IV weekly or every 3 weeks, except for 7 days before the cyclophosphamide dose, treatment 1 and treatment 2 and at least 7 days after receiving the second T cell vaccine. (Trastuzumab and lapatinib are not required or provided in this study).
Before the third T cell treatment of HER2 specific T-cells we will label a small sample of the patient's T-cells with indium-111. Prior to the final infusion of T-cells, patients will have FDG PET-CT performed. This scan will be repeated 48 hours after T-cell infusion. In addition, patients would then undergo SPECT or SPECT-CT imaging at 4, 24, 48, and 72 hours (+/- 3 hours) after labeled cells have been infused.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for the following year, and then twice a year thereafter. This consists of blood collection and contact with patients physician.
Patients with HER2+ Stage IV breast cancer that have been maximally treated and not achieved a complete remission
Patients must have stable or slowly progressive disease state, measurable disease as:
Extraskeletal disease that can be accurately measured >= 10 mm by standard imaging techniques that can include but not limited to computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), PET/CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
Skeletal or bone-only disease which is measurable by fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET or PET/CT imaging will also be allowed
Patients can be currently receiving trastuzumab and/or lapatinib and/or hormonal therapy and/or bisphosphonate therapy
HER2 overexpression in the primary tumor or metastasis by immunohistochemistry (IHC) of 2+ or 3+, or documented gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis; if overexpression is 2+ by IHC, then patients must have HER2 gene amplification documented by FISH
Subjects must have a Performance Status Score (Southwest Oncology Group [SWOG]/Zubrod Scale) = 0, 1 or 2
Patients must be off all immunosuppressive treatments such as chemotherapy or systemic steroid therapy a minimum of 14 days prior to initiation of study (i.e. first vaccination)
Patients on trastuzumab and/or lapatinib must have a baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measured by multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO) equal to or greater than the lower limit of normal for the facility within 90 days of eligibility determination
Men and women of reproductive ability must agree to contraceptive use during the entire study period
Patients must have an expected survival of 6 months
White blood cell (WBC) >= 3000/mm^3
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 10 mg/dl
Platelets >= 75,000/mm^3
Serum creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dl or creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min
Total bilirubin =< 2.5 mg/dl
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) =< 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
Patients must be >= 18 years old
Patients with any of the following cardiac conditions:
Symptomatic restrictive cardiomyopathy;
Unstable angina within 4 months prior to enrollment;
New York Heart Association functional class III-IV heart failure on active treatment
Patients with any contraindication to receiving rhuGM-CSF based products
Patients with any clinically significant autoimmune disease uncontrolled with treatment
Patients with a history of brain metastases must have a stable head imaging study within 30 days of eligibility determination; specifically, patients with active brain metastases will not be eligible for study
Patients who are simultaneously enrolled in any other treatment study
Pregnant or breast-feeding women
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There is 1 Location for this study
Seattle Washington, 98109, United States
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