Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Clinical Trial
Acalabrutinib With or Without Obinutuzumab in Treating Patients With Early-Stage Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
This phase II trials studies how well acalabrutinib with or without obinutuzumab works in treating patients with early-stage leukemia-cll/" >chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma. Acalabrutinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as obinutuzumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether giving acalabrutinib with or without obinutuzumab will work better in treating patients with early-stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma.
I. To compare the bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative complete response (CR) rate of acalabrutinib alone and acalabrutinib/obinutuzumab in early stage asymptomatic chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) patients who are high and very high risk by CLL-International Prognostic Index (IPI). (Arms A and B) II. To evaluate time to first therapy (TFT) in early stage asymptomatic CLL/SLL patients with low and intermediate-risk by CLL-IPI. (Arm C)
I. To compare the safety of acalabrutinib alone and acalabrutinib/obinutuzumab in early stage asymptomatic CLL/SLL patients who are high and very high risk by CLL-IPI.
II. To compare the overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), time to next therapy (TNT) and overall survival (OS) of acalabrutinib alone and acalabrutinib/obinutuzumab in early stage asymptomatic CLL/SLL patients who are at high and very high risk by CLL-IPI.
III. To determine the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in early stage asymptomatic CLL/SLL patients with low and intermediate risk by CLL-IPI.
I. To evaluate the quality of life using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) quality of life (QOL) survey.
I. To compare the peripheral blood immune profile using 8-color flow cytometry, to assess changes in T-cells, natural killer (NK)-cells, and NK-T cells at baseline and during active treatment among patients receiving either acalabrutinib alone or acalabrutinib and obinutuzumab.
II. To determine changes in the peripheral blood immune profile using 8-color flow cytometry to assess changes in T-cells, NK-cells, and NK-T cells at baseline and during event monitoring in patients with low and intermediate risk by CLL-IPI.
III. Signal pathway studies-BTK, ERK, PLC gamma and S6 protein levels and phosphorylation status will be assessed by Western blot methodology using specific antibodies to pull down specific proteins from cell lysates.
IV. To confirm if in vitro cell killing is via apoptosis we will also assess PARP and caspase 3 cleavage.
V. Apoptotic protein studies-MCL-1, XIAP levels will be determined by Western blot methodology using specific antibodies to pull down these specific proteins from cell lysates.
VI. Bone marrow aspirates will be studied for hematopoietic function in two ways:
VIa. Estimation of colony forming capacity by purified hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs).
VIb. Evaluation of the levels of HSCs and their differentiated progeny (i.e. MPP, CMP, CLP).
VII. Paired bone marrow and blood samples will be evaluated for the levels of innate effector cells.
VIII. Perform targeted sequencing of 59 genes mainly grouped in 8 biological pathways: NOTCH1, B-cell signaling, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage response, chromatin modifiers, ribonucleic acid (RNA) metabolism, NF-kappaB pathway, cell cycle and apoptosis.
IX. Screen 2 genes previously associated with resistance to BTK inhibitors (BTK and PLCG2).
OUTLINE: Patients with high or very high risk CLL-IPI are randomized to Arm A or Arm B. Patients with intermediate or low risk are assigned to Arm C.
ARM A: Patients receive acalabrutinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive acalabrutinib PO BID on days 1-84. Treatment repeats every 84 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may continue treatment with acalabrutinib If MRD negative CR/CR with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi) is not achieved after 12 cycles.
ARM B: Patients receive acalabrutinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 and obinutuzumab intravenously (IV) on days 1, 2, 8, and 15 of cycle 1 and days 1 of subsequent cycles. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive acalabrutinib PO BID on days 1-84. Treatment repeats every 84 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may continue treatment with acalabrutinib If MRD negative CR/CRi is not achieved after 12 cycles.
ARM C: Patients will be observed every 6 months for up to 2 years.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for up to 5 years.
Biopsy-proven small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) , or
Diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with a clonal B-cell population in the peripheral blood with immunophenotyping consistent with CLL as follows:
The population of lymphocytes share both B-cell antigens (CD19, CD20 [typically dim expression], or CD23) as well as CD5 in the absence of other pan-T-cell markers (CD3, CD2, etc.)
Clonality as evidenced by kappa or lambda light chain expression (typically dim immunoglobulin expression) or other genetic method (e.g. IGHV analysis)
Before diagnosing CLL or SLL, mantle cell lymphoma must be excluded by demonstrating a negative fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis for t(11;14)(IgH/CCND1)
Patients must be previously untreated
Note: Prior chemotherapy or monoclonal antibody based therapy for treatment of CLL or SLL will be considered prior therapy; nutraceutical treatments with no established benefit in CLL (such as epigallocatechin gallate or EGCG, found in green tea or other herbal treatments or supplemental vitamins) will not be considered "prior treatment"; prior corticosteroid therapy for an indication other than CLL/SLL will not be considered "prior treatment"
All patients will undergo testing for prognostic factors according to the CLL-IPI (testing obtained =< 730 days prior to registration)
Note: If the results for any of the prognostic factors included in the CLL-IPI are unknown including IGVH mutation status results not being available due to a failed laboratory assay, the patient is not eligible
Note: When determining CLL-IPI, use most recent test results, if more than one result is available
Note: Patients with CLL-IPI risk category of high risk or very high risk (total score of 4-10) will be randomized to Arms A or B
Note: Patients with CLL-IPI risk category of low risk or intermediate risk (total score of 0-3) will be registered to Arm C
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
Provide written informed consent
Willing to provide blood and saliva samples for correlative research purposes
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 30 days prior to randomization)
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only: Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 30 days prior to randomization)
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only: Hemoglobin >= 11.0 g/dL (obtained =< 30 days prior to randomization)
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only: Aspartate aminotransferase (aspartate transaminase [AST]) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 30 days prior to randomization)
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only: Creatinine =< 1.5 X ULN (obtained =< 30 days prior to randomization)
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (or total bilirubin =< 3.0 x ULN with direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN in patients with well-documented Gilbert's syndrome (obtained =< 30 days prior to randomization)
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only: Prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.5 X ULN OR if patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy and PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of coagulants (obtained =< 30 days prior to randomization)
Negative serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only
Will provide bone marrow aspirate sample for correlative research purposes
Date of CLL/SLL diagnosis >= 24 months prior to registration
Prior exposure to ibrutinib or to a BCR inhibitor (e.g. Btk or PI3 kinase or Syk inhibitors) or a BCL-2 inhibitor (e.g. venetoclax)
Known central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma or leukemia
Patients with any of the following indications for chemotherapy:
Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of or worsening anemia (=< 11 g/dL) and/or thrombocytopenia (=< 100 x 10^9/L) not due to autoimmune disease
Symptomatic or progressive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly or hepatomegaly
One or more of the following disease-related symptoms:
Weight loss >= 10% within the previous 6 months
Extreme fatigue attributed to CLL
Fevers >= 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit (F) for 2 weeks without evidence of infection
Drenching night sweats without evidence of infection
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
Patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy; NOTE: Patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
Other active malignancy =< 2 years prior to registration; EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer, carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix, or early stage prostate cancer
History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to registration, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
For high risk and very high risk CLL-IPI (Arms A and B) only:
Any of the following:
Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ highly effective contraception
Serologic status reflecting active hepatitis B or C infection
NOTE: Subjects with hepatitis B core antibody positive who are surface antigen negative or who are hepatitis C antibody positive will need to have a negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result before randomization; those who are hepatitis B surface antigen positive or hepatitis B PCR positive and those who are hepatitis C PCR positive will be excluded
History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months before randomization
History of bleeding diathesis (e.g. hemophilia, von Willebrand disease)
Requires or receiving anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists (e.g. phenprocoumon) within 7 days of first dose of study drug and while on study
Requires treatment with a strong CYP3A inducer
Requires treatment with proton-pump inhibitors (e.g. omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole, or pantoprazole)
Presence of a gastrointestinal ulcer diagnosed by endoscopy within 3 months before screening
History of confirmed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
Received a vaccination with a live vaccine =< 28 days prior to randomization
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