Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Clinical Trial
Assessing the Ability of Combination Treatment With Venetoclax to Permit Time Limited Therapy in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
This phase III trial studies how well ibrutinib and obinutuzumab with or without venetoclax work in treating patients with leukemia-cll/" >chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Ibrutinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Obinutuzumab is a monoclonal antibody. It binds to a protein called CD20, which is found on B cells (a type of white blood cell) and some types of cancer cells. This may help the immune system kill cancer cells. Venetoclax is in a class of medications called B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) inhibitors. It may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking Bcl-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Giving ibrutinib, obinutuzumab, and venetoclax may work better than giving ibrutinib and obinutuzumab in treating patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
I. To compare the progression free survival (PFS) of the time limited administration of the three-drug combination ibrutinib-obinutuzumab-venetoclax (IOV) to ibrutinib-obinutuzumab (IO) in untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients younger than 70 years of age.
I. Evaluate overall survival (OS) of patients based on treatment arm. II. Monitor and assess toxicity of treatment based on treatment arm. III. Compare minimal residual disease (MRD) status as assessed by flow cytometry at baseline and then sequentially during treatment of the two treatment arms.
IV. Collect baseline and response evaluation (after cycle 19) bone marrow and paired blood specimens for evaluation of MRD.
QUALITY OF LIFE (QOL) OBJECTIVES:
I. To compare quality of life (QOL) in CLL patients during the first 19 cycles of treatment among patients on each treatment arm.
II. To compare QOL over the long-term in CLL patients receiving continuous therapy using ibrutinib to that of CLL patients who completed time limited therapy.
III. Evaluate adherence to therapy for the two arms (one of which requires more intense, but shorter duration treatment, and one of which requires less intense, but indefinite duration therapy) and explore how adherence in each arm relates to progression-free survival (PFS).
EXPLORATORY TOBACCO USE OBJECTIVES:
I. To determine the effects of tobacco, operationalized as combustible tobacco (1a), other forms of tobacco (1b), and environmental tobacco exposure (ETS) (1c) on provider-reported cancer-treatment toxicity (adverse events [both clinical and hematologic] and dose modifications).
II. To determine the effects of tobacco on patient-reported physical symptoms and psychological symptoms.
III. To examine quitting behaviors and behavioral counseling/support and cessation medication utilization.
IV. To explore the effect of tobacco use and exposure on treatment duration, relative dose intensity, and therapeutic benefit.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM A: Patients receive ibrutinib orally (PO) daily on days 1-28 and obinutuzumab intravenously (IV) over 4 hours on days 1, 2, 8, and 15 of cycle 1 and on day 1 of cycles 2-6. Patients also receive venetoclax PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28 of cycles 3-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 19 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo biopsy and computed tomography (CT) scans before and after treatment and collection of blood throughout the study.
ARM B: Patients receive ibrutinib PO and obinutuzumab as in arm A. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo biopsy and CT scans before and after treatment and collection of blood throughout the study.
All patients, including those who discontinue therapy early, are followed for response until disease progression, even if non-protocol therapy is initiated. Patients are then followed every 3 months for first 2 years, every 6 months for years 3-5, and then every 12 months for years 6-10. All patients must also be followed through completion of all protocol therapy.
Diagnosis of CLL according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI)/International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) criteria or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. This includes previous documentation of:
Biopsy-proven small lymphocytic lymphoma OR
Diagnosis of CLL according to the NCI/IWCLL criteria as evidenced by all of the following:
Peripheral blood lymphocyte count of greater than 5 x10^9/L
Immunophenotype consistent with CLL defined as:
The predominant population of lymphocytes share both B-cell antigens (CD19, CD20 [typically dim expression], or CD23) as well as CD5 in the absence of other pan-T-cell markers (CD3, CD2, etc).
Clonality as evidenced by kappa or lambda light chain restriction (typically dim immunoglobulin expression)
Negative fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis for t(11;14)(IgH/CCND1) on peripheral blood or tissue biopsy (e.g. marrow aspirate) or negative immunohistochemical stains for cyclin D1 staining on involved tissue biopsy (e.g. marrow aspirate or lymph node biopsy)
No prior chemotherapy, BTK inhibitor therapy, venetoclax, small molecule signaling inhibitor, or monoclonal anti-body therapy for treatment of CLL or SLL
Has met at least one of the following indications for treatment:
Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of worsening anemia (hemoglobin [Hg] < 11 g/dl) and/or thrombocytopenia (platelets < 100 x 10^9/L)
Symptomatic or progressive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, or hepatomegaly
One or more of the following disease-related symptoms:
Weight loss >= 10% within the previous 6 months
Grade 2 or 3 fatigue attributed to CLL
Fevers > 100.5 degree Fahrenheit (F) for 2 weeks without evidence of infection
Clinically significant night sweats without evidence of infection
Progressive lymphocytosis (not due to the effects of corticosteroids) with an increase of > 50% over a two-month period or an anticipated doubling time of less than six months
Age >= 18 years and < 70
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status between 0-2
Life expectancy of >= 12 months
No deletion of 17p13 on cytogenetic analysis by FISH
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 40 mL/minute as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault Formula (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless due to Gilbert's disease. For those with a total bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN, a direct bilirubin should be performed and must be < 1.5 mg/dL for Gilbert's to be diagnosed (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST])/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 3.0 x the institutional ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
NOTE: If value is higher due to hepatic involvement by CLL, patient is eligible
Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5 ULN and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) (activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT]) < 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
No active hemolytic anemia requiring immunosuppressive therapy or other pharmacologic treatment. Patients who have a positive Coombs test but no evidence of hemolysis are NOT excluded from participation
No current use of corticosteroids. EXCEPTION: Low doses of steroids (< 10 mg of prednisone or equivalent dose of other steroid; inhaled steroids) used for treatment of non-hematologic medical condition (e.g. chronic adrenal insufficiency) is permitted
No previous autoimmune complications (e.g. autoimmune hemolytic anemia or immune thrombocytopenia) that have developed since the initial diagnosis of CLL and have required treatment with high dose corticosteroids (e.g. equivalent of > 20 mg/day of prednisone), monoclonal antibody based therapy, or chemotherapy. Prior use of corticosteroids for reasons other than treatment of autoimmune complications is allowed
No other active primary malignancy (other than non-melanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix) requiring treatment or limiting expected survival to =< 2 years
NOTE: If there is a history of prior malignancy, the patient must not currently be receiving other specific treatment (other than hormonal therapy for their cancer)
Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
No major surgery within 4 weeks (28 days) of first dose of study drug or minor surgery within 3 days of first dose of study drug
No radiation therapy =< 4 weeks prior to registration to Step 1
Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) with undetectable HIV viral load are eligible provided they meet all other protocol criteria for participation and are not being treated with protease inhibitors or any non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) that are CYP3A4 inducers; if being treated for HIV, patients should be receiving an alternative antiretroviral therapy (ART) that is not a CYP3A inhibitor
Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use accepted and highly effective method(s) of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study and for:
18 months after the last dose of obinutuzumab
90 days after the last dose of ibrutinib, and
30 days after the last dose of venetoclax Male subjects must also agree to refrain from sperm donation until 90 days after the last dose of protocol treatment
Patient must be able to swallow capsules and not have the following conditions:
Disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function
Resection of the stomach or small bowel
Symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease
Partial or complete bowel obstruction
Patient must undergo assessment with Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and comorbidity index
Patient must be able to receive xanthine oxidase inhibitor or rasburicase for tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) prophylaxis
Patients must not have any of the following conditions:
Congestive heart failure or New York Heart Association Functional Classification III or IV congestive heart failure
History of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to registration
Recent infections requiring systemic treatment; need to have completed anti-biotic therapy > 14 days before the first dose of study drug
Cerebral vascular accident or intracranial bleed within the last 6 months
Infection with known chronic, active hepatitis C
Positive serology for hepatitis B defined as a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg); in addition, if negative for HBsAg but hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) positive (regardless of hepatitis B surface antibody [HBsAb] status), a hepatitis B deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) test will be performed and, if positive the subject will be ineligible; if the hepatitis (Hep) B DNA test is negative (i.e. viral load undetectable) then the individual is eligible; if a patient who is HBsAg negative, HBsAb negative, HBcAb positive, and Hep B DNA negative is enrolled, they should be considered for either prophylactic anti-viral therapy (J Clin Oncol. 2013 Aug 1;31(22):2765-72) or careful monitoring for Hep B reactivation (J Clin Oncol. 2014 Nov 20;32(33):3736-43)
Patients are not eligible if they require treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitor
Patients may not have received the following within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug:
Steroid therapy for anti-neoplastic intent
Strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors
Strong and moderate CYP3A inducers
Patients may not be on any other investigational agents
Patients may not have received warfarin or another vitamin K antagonist in the preceding 30 days
Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding since this study involves investigational agents whose genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test within 2 weeks prior to registration to Step 1 to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is defined as any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
Patient must not be on any other systemic immunosuppressant therapy other than corticosteroids within 28 days of the first dose of study drug
Patient must not be vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
Patient must not have any known bleeding disorders (e.g., von Willebrand's disease) or hemophilia
Patient must not have currently active, clinically significant hepatic impairment (>= moderate hepatic impairment according to the NCI/Child Pugh classification)
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