Colon Cancer Clinical Trial
LY3214996 and Cetuximab Alone or in Combination With Abemaciclib for the Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
This phase Ib/II trial investigates the side effects and best dose of LY3214996 when given together with cetuximab alone or in combination with abemaciclib and to see how well they work in treating patients with colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable) and/or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Cetuximab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. LY3214996 and abemaciclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving LY3214996 and cetuximab alone or in combination with abemaciclib may help treat patients with colorectal cancer.
I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ERK1/2 inhibitor LY3214996 (LY3214996) administered in combination with cetuximab. (Phase 1b) II. Determine the MTD and RP2D of LY3214996 administered in combination with cetuximab plus abemaciclib. (Phase 1b) III. Assess the preliminary antitumor activity of the treatment combinations based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. (Phase 2)
I. Assess the preliminary antitumor activity of the treatment combinations based on RECIST v.1.1. (Phase 1b) II. Characterize the safety profile of the treatment combinations (DLTs). III. Evaluate for pERK and Ki67 inhibition.
I. Assess blood- and tissue-based predictive biomarkers of activity and immune effects upon treatment with cetuximab, LY3214996, and abemaciclib.
II. Demonstrate feasibility of establishing patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models in matched patients with cetuximab-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) to evaluate for biomarkers of response and mechanisms of resistance.
III. Explore mechanisms of resistance to cetuximab plus LY3214996 and cetuximab, LY3214996, plus abemaciclib.
OUTLINE: This is a phase Ib, dose-escalation study of ERK1/2 inhibitor LY3214996 followed by a phase II study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM A: Patients receive ERK1/2 inhibitor LY3214996 orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 and cetuximab intravenously (IV) over 1-2 hours on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM B: Patients receive ERK1/2 inhibitor LY3214996 and cetuximab as in Arm A. Patients also receive abemaciclib PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.
Provision of signed Informed Consent prior to any screening procedures being performed
Histologically (or cytologically) confirmed diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, with clinical confirmation of unresectable and/or metastatic disease that is measurable according to RECIST 1.1 criteria
Baseline tissue-based KRAS, NRAS, EGFR, BRAF and MEK1 wild-type tumor
Prior treatment with at least one systemic chemotherapy regimen for mCRC, or recurrence/progression with development of unresectable or metastatic disease within 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy for resected colorectal cancer
Patients who received chemotherapy must have recovered (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade =< 1) from the acute effects of chemotherapy except for residual alopecia or grade 2 peripheral neuropathy prior to randomization. A washout period of at least 21 days is required between last chemotherapy dose and randomization (provided the patient did not receive radiotherapy)
Patients who received radiotherapy must have completed and fully recovered from the acute effects of radiotherapy. A washout period of at least 14 days is required between end of radiotherapy and randomization
Left-sided primary tumor
Prior treatment with, and progression on, anti-EGFR therapy (cetuximab or panitumumab)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL with or without transfusions
Platelets (PLT) >= 100 x 10^9/L without transfusions
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN and < 2 mg/dL
Note: Patients who have a total bilirubin level > 1.5 x ULN will be allowed if their indirect bilirubin level is =< 1.5 x ULN
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN, or calculated creatinine clearance (determined as per Cockcroft-Gault) >= 50 mL/min at screening
Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 480 ms (preferably the mean from triplicate electrocardiograms [ECGs])
Able to take oral medications
Female patients are either postmenopausal for at least 1 year, are surgically sterile for at least 6 weeks, or must agree to take appropriate precautions to avoid pregnancy from screening through follow-up if of childbearing potential
Note: Permitted contraception methods include: male condom with spermicide, female condom with spermicide, diaphragm with spermicide, cervical sponge, or cervical cap with spermicide. These should be communicated to the patients and their understanding confirmed. For all females, the pregnancy test result must be negative within 24 hours of starting treatment on study and within 24 hours prior to each cycle. Males must agree to take appropriate precautions to avoid fathering a child from screening through 100 days following the end of therapy
History of a grade 3 or 4 allergic reaction or intolerability attributed to cetuximab
Right-sided or transverse colonic primary tumor
Baseline tissue-based KRAS, NRAS, EGFR, BRAF and MEK1 mutated tumor
Active infection requiring concurrent antibiotic use
Currently using concomitant medications that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4
Previously completed or withdrawn from this study or any other study investigating an ERK1/2 inhibitor
Any known symptomatic brain metastasis
Note: Patients previously treated or untreated for this condition who are asymptomatic in the absence of corticosteroid and anti-epileptic therapy are allowed. Known brain metastases must be stable for >= 4 weeks, with imaging (e.g., magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computed tomography [CT]) demonstrating no current evidence of progressive brain metastases at screening
Known leptomeningeal disease
Previous or concurrent malignancy within 3 years of study entry, with the following exceptions: adequately treated basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, prostate intraepithelial neoplasm, carcinoma in-situ of the cervix, or other noninvasive or indolent malignancy; other solid tumors treated curatively without evidence of recurrence for at least 3 years prior to study entry
Impaired cardiovascular function or clinically significant cardiovascular diseases, including any of the following:
History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass grafting, coronary angioplasty, or stenting) < 6 months prior to screening
Symptomatic chronic heart failure (i.e. grade 2 or higher), history or current evidence of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia and/or conduction abnormality < 6 months prior to screening except atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
The patient has a personal history of any of the following conditions: syncope of cardiovascular etiology, ventricular arrhythmia of pathological origin (including, but not limited to, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation), or sudden cardiac arrest
Uncontrolled hypertension defined as persistent elevation of systolic blood pressure >= 150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >= 90 mm Hg, despite current therapy
The patient has active systemic bacterial infection (requiring intravenous [IV] antibiotics at time of initiating study treatment) fungal infection, or detectable viral infection (such as known human immunodeficiency virus positivity or with known active hepatitis B or C (for example, hepatitis B surface antigen positive.) Screening is not required for enrollment. Known history of acute or chronic pancreatitis (history of acute pancreatitis with no recurrent events in the prior 24 months are permitted)
Impaired gastrointestinal function or disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled vomiting, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection with decreased intestinal absorption)
Any other condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures
For patients receiving abemaciclib: The patient has serious and/or uncontrolled preexisting medical condition(s) that, in the judgment of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study (for example, interstitial lung disease, severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy, severe renal impairment [e.g. estimated creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min], history of major surgical resection involving the stomach or small bowel, or preexisting Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis or a preexisting chronic condition resulting in baseline grade 2 or higher diarrhea)
Major surgery =< 6 weeks prior to starting study drug or failure to recover from side effects of such procedure at the discretion of the treating investigator
Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test
Medical, psychiatric, cognitive or other conditions that may compromise the patient's ability to understand the patient information, give informed consent, comply with the study protocol or complete the study
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Houston Texas, 77030, United States More Info
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