Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial
High Resolution Microendoscopy for the Detection of Esophageal Squamous Cell Neoplasia
The overall objective of this multicenter trial is to determine whether the use of a low-cost, high-resolution microendoscope during diagnostic upper endoscopy can improve the efficiency and accuracy of endoscopic screening for esophageal squamous cell neoplasia. This is a multicenter clinical trial of a novel technology, a miniaturized, lower cost (< $3, 500) microscope device which can be used during upper endoscopy to image the gastrointestinal epithelium. This high-resolution microendoscope (HRME) was developed by our collaborators at RICE University and provides >1000X magnified images of the esophageal mucosa.
Our central hypothesis is that HRME can improve the efficiency and clinical impact of endoscopic screening and surveillance of esophageal squamous cell neoplasia by providing in-vivo optical biopsies comparable to standard histology. Specifically, HRME will allow more detailed evaluation of Lugol's abnormal areas, allowing selective biopsy or removal of neoplastic mucosa. We hypothesize that this will improve the accuracy and diagnostic yield of mucosal sampling.
We also hypothesize the HRME will provide additional, more accurate information regarding the presence of neoplasia that will impact upon the physician's decision to obtain a mucosal biopsy or perform endoscopic therapy (endoscopic mucosal resection or ablation). This could potentially minimize the number of unnecessary biopsies and enable the physician to perform endoscopic therapy at the time of the initial examination, rather than delaying endoscopic treatment to another procedure following pathologic confirmation of the initial biopsies.
To compare the efficiency of HRME + Lugol's chromoendoscopy (HRME + LC) to that of Lugol's chromoendoscopy alone (LC) for the diagnosis of esophageal squamous cell neoplasia. Efficiency will be defined as:
Diagnostic Yield: The number of neoplastic biopsies/total number of biopsies obtained in patients who receive biopsies.
'Patients saved': # patients who receive no biopsies
Procedure time: Total procedure time in the HRME-LC arm compared to the LC arm.
To prospectively determine the potential clinical impact of HRME + Lugol's chromoendoscopy (HRME-LC) to Lugol's Chromoendoscopy (LC) by determining if HRME changes the decision to perform endoscopic therapy (endoscopic mucosal resection or ablation) or perform a mucosal biopsy.
To prospectively compare the performance characteristics of HRME-LC to LC for the prediction of squamous esophageal neoplasia in flat mucosa and mucosal lesions using histopathology as the gold standard:
(a) To determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value for the identification of neoplasia on a per biopsy and per patient analysis
To determine the cost-effectiveness of HRME-LC to LC alone for the endoscopic screening and surveillance of esophageal squamous neoplasia in the US and China.
All inclusive outpatients undergoing routine (standard of care) Lugol's chromoendoscopic evaluation for suspected or known squamous cell neoplasia will be enrolled as well as any outgoing patients referred to the clinic with any prior history of squamous cell dysplasia and/or neoplasia will also be considered eligible as they will serve as study population for the surveillance group.
Allergy or prior reaction to the fluorescent contrast agent proflavine
Patients who are unable to give informed consent
Known advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the distal esophagus, or dyplastic/suspected malignant esophageal lesion greater than or equal to 2cm in size not amenable to endoscopic therapy
Patient unable to undergo routine endoscopy with biopsy:
women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
prothrombin time greater than 50% of control; PTT greater than 50 sec, or INR greater than 2.0
inability to tolerate sedated upper endoscopy due to cardio-pulmonary instability or other significant medical issues
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There is 1 Location for this study
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.