Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial
Irinotecan and Taxotere With Radiotherapy as Preoperative Treatment in Resectable Esophageal Cancer
There is a need for more effective therapy for patients following surgery for esophageal carcinoma. Docetaxel and Irinotecan, independent of each other, have demonstrated activity in this disease. There is interest in the combination of these two active agents plus radiotherapy.
The high rate of local and distant failure following surgery for esophageal carcinoma necessitates a more effective therapy for these patients. The merit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy is early management of micrometastatic disease and radiosensitization. A longstanding regimen, 5-FU and Cisplatin, have failed to produce a substantial survival benefit, but the approach has resulted in pathologic complete responses prior to surgical eradication of the diseased organ. This raises questions of organ preservation in some patients. Docetaxel and Irinotecan have both demonstrated independent activity in this disease and are radiosensitizers. In this study, Docetaxel and Irinotecan will be given together weekly for 3 consecutive weeks in an attempt to decrease the recurrence of systemic disease, and this will be followed by giving each agent independently with radiation therapy to decrease the local relapse rate and independently measure the toxicity of each with radiation. Following completion of chemoradiotherapy, the patients will undergo resection and be evaluated for the pathologic response rate.
Histological confirmation of adenocarcinoma/squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Patients should be considered resection candidates, Clinical Stages II- IV (For GE junction tumors 50% of the tumor must be within the esophagus)
Age 19 years
Male or female gender (not pregnant or lactating). If the subject is fertile, use of medically acceptable contraception will be required, and women with reproductive potential shall have a negative pregnancy test.
Patient should be able to understand and offer signed written informed consent prior to study entry.
No prior receipt of surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy.
Patients must demonstrate a ECOG P.S. ≤ 1
Minimum life expectancy of 12 weeks
End Organ function must be adequate meeting the below criteria at baseline:
WBC 3000/mm3, ANC 1500/mm3 , Hgb 9.0 g/dL, PLT 100,000mm3 Normal serum creatinine ( 1.5 mg/dL) Total Bilirubin ULN, Transaminases (SGOT and/or SGPT) may be up to 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) if alkaline phosphatase is < ULN, or alkaline phosphatase may be up to 4 x ULN if transaminases are < ULN.
PT/PTT below the upper limit of normal (patients may be on 1mg of Coumadin for line patency) Peripheral neuropathy must be < Grade 1
Diagnosis of active, invasive (treated in past 5 years) concomitant malignancy except non-melanotic skin cancer
Patients must be fully recovered from any reversible side effects of prior intervention
Presence of an underlying disease state associated with impairment of performance status
New York Heart Association Class IV congestive heart failure
Limited mental capacity or language skills to the extent simple instructions cannot be followed or information regarding adverse events cannot be provided
History of non-compliance with prescribed medical care.
Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to Taxotere® or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80 must be excluded.
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There is 1 Location for this study
Birmingham Alabama, 35294, United States
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