Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial
Nutritional Supplementation in Reducing Complications in Patients With Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, and/or Surgery
This phase III trial studies nutritional supplementation with Impact Advanced Recovery to see how well it works compared with standard nutritional supplementation in reducing complications in patients with esophageal cancer that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced) who are undergoing chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or surgery. Impact Advanced Recovery may help to reduce the number of surgical complications, reduce toxicity, improve nutritional status before surgery, and reduce morbidity after surgery in patients with esophageal cancer.
I. When compared to the current standard of ad hoc nutritional supplementation on an as-needed basis, scheduled enteral supplementation with Impact Advanced Recovery during the course of neoadjuvant therapy (for those in the planned trimodality group), preoperatively, and postoperatively will improve patient wellbeing by reducing weight loss (measured at baseline, preoperatively, and at postoperative follow-up) incurred during the course of therapy and will permit maintenance of patient performance status.
I. Decrease rates of a composite outcome that includes anastomotic leaks, ileus, major pulmonary events (pneumonia, reintubation, tracheostomy), wound infection, postoperative mortality, chyle leaks, and other postoperative complications.
II. Improve overall survival. III. Return to pre-surgical activity level (measured by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] at baseline, preoperatively, and at postoperative follow-up).
IV. Decrease postoperative length of stay. V. Decrease incidence of esophagitis during and after radiation therapy. VI. Improve rates of completion of all planned neoadjuvant therapies (defined as receipt of a minimum of 41.4 Gray and two cycles of chemotherapy).
VII. Improve rates of lymphopenia.
I. Maintain or improve serum levels of arginine, citrulline, and albumin, while maintaining or decreasing serum levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and C-reactive protein.
II. Improve immune function using peripheral markers such as CD4 count, CD4:CD8 ratio, CD3 zeta, myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), IL-6 (interleukin 6), and IL-7.
III. Increase densities of tumor-associated immune cells (TAICs; including CD3+, CD8+, CD45RO+, CD57+, CD4+, FOXP3+, granzyme B+, CD68+, PD1+ cells) within the tumor tissue.
IV. Reduce platelet-to-lymphocyte, monocyte-to-lymphocyte, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios as measured by routine clinical complete blood counts.
V. Composition of intratumoral, peritumoral, and enteric microbiome.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.
GROUP I: Patients receive standard of care nutritional supplementation.
GROUP II: Patients receive Impact Advanced Recovery PO or via feeding tube twice daily (BID) on days 1-7 for weeks 1, 3, and 5 during chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery. Starting 5-7 days before surgery, patients receive Impact Advanced Recovery PO three times daily (TID) until surgery. Within 2 days following surgery, patients may continue to receive Impact Advanced Recovery via feeding tube at the discretion of the treating physician.
After completion of study, patients are followed up at 24 and 30 days.
Resectable, locally advanced esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma, squamous cell, other histology).
Treatment plan for (i) chemoradiation then surgery or chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation then surgery, or (ii) salvage esophagectomy.
Able to tolerate feeds either orally or via tube gastrostomy or enterostomy.
Allergy to supplement.
Serum creatinine > 2.0.
Performance status of > or equal to 2.
Inability to take either oral intake or enteral feeds or both.
Given increased rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality historically observed at our institution, patients undergoing salvage resection for squamous cell carcinoma will not be eligible for enrollment.
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