Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial
Ropidoxuridine in Treating Patients With Advanced Gastrointestinal Cancer Undergoing Radiation Therapy
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of ropidoxuridine in treating patients with gastrointestinal cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment undergoing radiation therapy. Ropidoxuridine may help radiation therapy work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the radiation therapy.
I. To conduct a phase I dose escalation trial, to determine the safety and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), of oral (po) IPdR (ropidoxuridine) given daily for 28 consecutive days with concurrent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancers treated with palliative radiation.
I. To observe and record anti-tumor activity. II. To establish the pharmacokinetics of daily po dosing of IPdR x 28 days. III. To assess, for patients treated at the MTD, for biochemical evidence of IPdR effect in normal tissue (circulating granulocytes) and tumor tissue (in patients with accessible tumor tissue) by measuring %iododeoxyuridine (IUdR)-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) cellular incorporation by flow cytometry and high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses.
IV. To assess the use of %IUdR-DNA cellular incorporation (measured by the investigational laboratory assays of flow cytometry and HPLC) as an exploratory biomarker of IPdR for the following effects: the %IUdR-DNA tumor cell incorporation from day 8 tumor biopsies in gastrointestinal (GI) cancer patients receiving MTD doses of IPdR as an exploratory biomarker of tumor radiosensitization using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria.
V. To assess the use of %IUdR-DNA cellular incorporation (measured by the investigational laboratory assays of flow cytometry and HPLC) as an exploratory biomarker of IPdR for the following effects: the %IUdR-DNA cellular incorporation in patients' circulating granulocytes taken weekly during the 28-day IPdR MTD dose, on day 29, and week 8 as an exploratory biomarker of IPdR systemic toxicities to bone marrow as measured by complete blood count (CBC)/differential values.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ropidoxuridine.
Beginning 30 minutes to 2 hours before radiation therapy, patients receive ropidoxuridine PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning on day 8, patients undergo IMRT 5 days a week for 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.
Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced, incurable cancers of the esophagus, liver, stomach, small bowel, pancreas, bile duct, colon or rectum and be eligible to receive chest, abdominal and/or pelvic radiation therapy (RT) for palliation; documentation of this is required in physician note; concomitant systemic therapy is not allowed during administration of palliative RT; palliative RT can be considered for advanced primary tumors or metastatic disease as above
Patients must not have received systemic chemotherapy for at least 4 weeks, and must not have received prior radiation therapy to the tumor site being irradiated on this study
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men and women treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of IPdR administration
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (+) patients with cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) counts >= 250 cells/mm^3 on anti-viral therapy
Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test
Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to IPdR
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with IPdR
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There is 1 Location for this study
Providence Rhode Island, 02903, United States
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