Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial
Taladegib, Paclitaxel, Carboplatin, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Localized Esophageal or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer
This phase IB/II trial studies the side effects of taladegib, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and external beam radiation therapy and to see how well they work in treating patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer found only in the tissue or organ where it began, and has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or to other parts of the body (localized). Taladegib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving taladegib, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.
I. To evaluate the toxicity of taladegib administered orally daily concurrently with weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin and radiation therapy in patients with localized nuclear glioma-associated oncogene homolog (Gli-1) expressing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction. (Phase IB) II. To assess the rate of pathologic complete response (pathCR) when taladegib is administered orally daily concurrently with weekly paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiation therapy in patients with localized nuclear Gli-1 expressing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction. (Phase II)
I. To evaluate the toxicity of biochemoradiation in the phase II study. II. To assess additional biomarkers (hedgehog [Hh] related and Hh unrelated) in sequentially procured tissues (biopsies and resected specimens).
III. Assess if taladegib down modulates its target (Gli-1) in the first cohort (where taladegib will be administered alone for the first 7 days) of the phase II study.
IV. Assess relapse-free survival and overall survival.
PHASE IB: Patients receive taladegib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-38, paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 3 hours on the first radiation day of each week for 5 doses, carboplatin IV over 2 hours on the first radiation day of each week for 5 doses, and undergo external beam radiation therapy 5 days weekly on 28 consecutive weekdays for 5.5 weeks.
PHASE II: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 steps.
STEP I: Patients receive taladegib PO for 7 days, followed by taladegib, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and external beam radiation therapy as in Phase IB.
STEP II: Patients receive taladegib, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and external beam radiation therapy as in Phase IB.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 3 months, every 3-6 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and at years 4 and 5.
Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction (EAC)
Localized EAC and its baseline clinical stage determined as: T2-T3N0 or T1-3N positive (+); imaging studies suspicious for metastases must be followed with a negative biopsy before a patient can enter the study
Patients with malignant celiac nodes are eligible if the primary lesion is in the mid-thoracic or distal thoracic esophagus or it is involving the gastroesophageal junction
Tumor must have labeling index of >= 5% of the nuclear Gli-1 (integral biomarker) performed in the MD Anderson Cancer Center Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment (CLIA) laboratory for patient to be eligible in this trial (if enough archival tissue is not available to determine labeling index, patient must agree to a biopsy to be eligible for the study)
Tumor may not extend > 4 cm below the gastroesophageal junction
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
All patients must be willing to provide research tumor tissue for biomarker studies at baseline, from archival tumor tissue or through endoscopy if sufficient archival tissue is not available; all patients must also allow biomarker studies on the tissue obtained through surgery to remove the primary cancer
Phase II only: patients volunteering for the Phase II part of the protocol must be willing to undergo a research endoscopy for tissue collection on day 8 (+/- 2 days) from the beginning of therapy
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3
Platelets greater >= 100,000/mm^3
Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL
Serum creatinine =< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN
Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
Patient must be able to comprehend the approved consent document and have the willingness to sign it; the patient prior to enrollment and the administration of any protocol-specific therapy must sign the consent document
Willingness and ability to comply with study procedures and follow-up examinations
Must be considered medically fit for operation as determined by multidisciplinary evaluation
Males and females with reproductive potential must agree to use 2 forms of medically approved contraceptive precautions and for at least 6 months following the last dose of biochemoradiation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
Women of childbearing potential are defined as follows: having regular menstrual cycles; has amenorrhea, irregular menstrual cycles or using a contraceptive method that precludes withdrawal bleeding; have had a tubal ligation; women are considered not to be of childbearing potential for the following reasons: had hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy; post-menopausal defined by amenorrhea for at least 1 year in a woman > 45 years old
Females with childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to treatment start
Baseline clinical stage of T1N0 or inoperable T4 (unequivocal organ involvement) are to be excluded
Unequivocal metastatic tumor at baseline
Tracheo-esophageal (TE) fistula or direct invasion into the tracheo-bronchial mucosa; a bronchoscopy (biopsy and cytology should be performed) is required to exclude TE fistula or tracheo-bronchial involvement in patients with a tumor located at < 26 cm from the incisors
Cervical esophageal cancer will not be entered in this study
Any prior chemotherapy, surgery, or radiotherapy for EAC
Prior mediastinal irradiation (for any reason)
Clinically significant ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, or partial or complete small bowel obstruction are to be excluded
Malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with intestinal absorption are excluded
Pregnant or nursing females are to be excluded; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with taladegib
Presence of other significant cancer(s) or history of other significant cancer(s) within the last 3 years (patients who have been cancer-free for 3 years, or have a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer or successfully treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix are eligible)
Known active viral or other chronic types hepatitides (hepatitis B, C) or cirrhosis
Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to: serious uncontrolled infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia that interfere with blood pressure, uncontrolled diabetes, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with the study requirements
Patients with uncontrolled hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia or hypokalemia defined as less than the lower limit of normal for the institution, despite adequate electrolyte supplementation
Patients who are receiving concurrent non-protocol anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, or tumor embolization) are to be excluded
Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
Patients with known hypersensitivity to taxanes or platinums are to be excluded
Patients taking medications with narrow therapeutic indices that are metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP450), including warfarin sodium (Coumadin) are ineligible; patients on strong cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) inhibitors will also be excluded
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible; in addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy
Any other conditions or circumstances that would, in the opinion of the investigator, make the patient unsuitable for participation in the study
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There is 1 Location for this study
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
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