Heart Failure Clinical Trial

Family Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Advanced Heart Failure

Summary

Overall objective is to test whether the 5-weekly family home palliative and end-of-life care (FamPALcare) intervention educational and supportive sessions will improve rural home end-of-life and palliative care (EOLPC) for advanced heart failure at 6 months follow up.

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Full Description

Heart failure (HF) afflicts 6.5 million Americans with devastating consequences to patients and their family caregivers especially during severe symptoms in the long-lasting end stage. Advanced HF was defined by American Heart Association (AHA) as "the presence of progressive and/or persistent severe signs and symptoms of HF despite optimized medical, surgical, and device therapy." When patients and family members are not prepared for worsening HF and are not informed about end-of-life and palliative care (EOLPC) conservative comfort options, they experience depression, fear of painful death, home care burden, and medical expenses from anxiously seeking aggressive but futile care. Notably, West Virginia (WV) has the highest HF death in the U.S. at 32.6 per 100,000 population, where 14% of those over 65 years have HF. WV is in the large Appalachian region, which stretches across eastern North America with 25.6 million people and contains a vast number of disadvantaged rural communities. National Institutes of Health has designated Appalachia as a high priority for research as residents experience extreme health and poverty inequities and limited access to healthcare. Furthermore, home EOLPC is lacking across this disadvantaged rural area. Thus, there is a need to investigate the new family intervention (FamPALcare), where nurses coach family-managed advanced HF care at home in Appalachia.

This study addresses the National Institutes of Health Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA) priorities for conducting a low risk clinical trials to provide a foundation to advance scientific EOLPC knowledge and testing of our intervention efficacy in larger clinical trials. Additionally, effective EOLPC interventions are priorities of palliative care professionals and palliative care needs must be addressed with vulnerable and advanced HF patients and their families. This study also addresses the priority problem of the lack information for families providing advanced HF home care and preventing unwanted and unwarranted rehospitalizations at the advanced stage of HF.

This study uses a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design stratified by gender (male vs female) to determine any differences in the FamPALcare HF patients and their family caregiver outcomes versus standard care control group outcomes (N=72). Specific aims are to: (1) Test the FamPALcare nursing care intervention with patients and family members managing home supportive EOLPC for advanced HF in rural WV using a small randomized controlled trial (RCT) and (2) Assess implementation of the FamPALcare intervention and research procedures for subsequent clinical trials.

The control patients receive standard care given through the West Virginia University hospital and outpatient clinics, prescribed by the patient's cardiologist. The FamPALcare intervention group will receive standard care, plus 5-weekly FamPALcare intervention delivered by community-based nurses. FamPALcare intervention involves coaching patients and family caregivers in advanced HF home care and supporting EOLPC discussions. Data will be collected from all patients and caregivers independently at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Alert and consent to participate
Able to read and understand English
Advanced HF (NYHA III or IV), diagnosed by physician

Exclusion Criteria:

Already received or are on a waiting list for a heart transplant or left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
Diagnosed with a terminal illness or dementia, such as Alzheimer's disease

Study is for people with:

Heart Failure

Estimated Enrollment:

78

Study ID:

NCT04153890

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

West Virginia University

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There is 1 Location for this study

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West Virginia University Hospital
Morgantown West Virginia, 26506, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Heart Failure

Estimated Enrollment:

78

Study ID:

NCT04153890

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


West Virginia University

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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