Heart Failure Clinical Trial

Inhaled Selective Pulmonary Vasodilators for Advanced Heart Failure Therapies and Lung Transplantation Outcomes

Summary

1. to conduct a clinical investigation to determine if inhaled epoprostenol (Veletri®, iEPO) and inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) will have similar impact on outcomes in adult patients undergoing durable LVAD placement, heart transplantation, or lung transplantation 2. to conduct a cost-capture analysis on the expense each drug incurs per patient.

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Full Description

In adult cardiothoracic surgical patients, iNO is used to treat precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH), right-sided heart failure (RHF), and ventilation-to-perfusion (V:Q) mismatch. Adult patients who undergo durable LVAD implantation (e.g. Heartware®, Heartmate 2®, or Heartmate 3®), cardiac transplantation for HFrEF, or those that have endured lung transplantation as a result of end-stage lung disease, compose the largest subpopulation which receives iPVD therapy at Duke University Hospital. iEPO may display an equivalent efficacy profile to iNO for pulmonary vasodilation and oxygenation and have a similar impact on clinical outcomes.

Subjects undergoing LVAD placement or heart transplantation (N=224) or lung transplantation (N=200) will be prospectively enrolled over a three-year period (one-year for follow-up). Patients will be randomly assigned 1:1 according to stratified randomization blocking either iNO or iEPO. Additional study procedures will involve data collection, blood, and tissue sampling.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Heart transplantation
LVAD placement
Lung Transplantation

Exclusion Criteria:

Combined Organ Transplantation
Age < 18 years old
Pregnancy
Known allergy to prostaglandin (rare)
Refusal of blood products due to personal or religious preference
Subject is enrolled in another study protocol, which does not allow randomization of PVD therapy

Heart transplant or durable LVAD recipients with adult congenital heart disease (CHD)

o Caveat: Does NOT meet exclusion criteria if the scheduled heart transplant or LVAD implantation is due to heart failure from a previous heart transplantation related to CHD, performed more than 90 days previous to the date of trial enrollment

Heart transplant recipients diagnosed with Arrythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy
Heart transplant recipients diagnosed with Acute Cardiac Allograft Rejection after a previous heart transplantation.
Heart transplant or durable LVAD recipients with preoperative RVAD for right heart failure
Patient is scheduled to undergo lung transplantation but has undergone heart transplantation in the previous 90 days
Patient is scheduled to undergo durable LVAD implantation but has undergone heart transplantation in the previous 90 days
Patient is scheduled to undergo heart transplantation but has undergone lung transplantation in the previous 90 days
Patients with preoperative Venovenous ECMO as a bridge to lung transplantation
Heart transplant or durable LVAD recipients with preoperative RVAD for right heart failure

Study is for people with:

Heart Failure

Phase:

Phase 4

Estimated Enrollment:

519

Study ID:

NCT03081052

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Duke University

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Duke Health
Durham North Carolina, 27710, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Heart Failure

Phase:

Phase 4

Estimated Enrollment:

519

Study ID:

NCT03081052

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Duke University

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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