Kidney Cancer Clinical Trial
Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound for Kidney Cancer Subtyping and Staging
The purpose of this study is to determine if contrast-enhanced ultrasound can detect abnormal features of kidney lesions in patients with suspected kidney cancer with the same accuracy as conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
This is a pilot cross-sectional study that compares contrast enhanced ultrasound to conventional ultrasound and contrasted MRI. Eligible patients will include anyone who has suspected kidney cancer and is scheduled for surgery, up to an anticipated total of 40 participants. Subject participation will be only for the day of CEUS study. There will be no follow-up period for this study. However, if results are encouraging, a longitudinal observational study may follow, and these same subjects would be eligible for enrollment. Eligible subjects will undergo a contrast enhanced ultrasound.
Following completion of imaging, all CEUS, MRI (within 4 months) and B-mode (at time of CEUS) US studies will be de-identified. Blinded radiologists will interpret images and provide an overall assessment of risk of malignancy to each kidney using the Bosniak criteria for each kidney lesion present. The Bosniak criteria places cystic lesions into one of 5 categories (I, II, IIF, III and IV) based on lesion characteristics. CEUS based diagnosis will be compared to the diagnoses on routine B-mode US and contrast-enhanced MRI.
A suspected diagnosis of kidney cancer with a solid or partially solid lesion and planned surgical nephrectomy within 3 months before surgery
Able to provide informed consent
Willing to comply with protocol requirements
At least 18 years of age
Critically ill or medically unstable or in an intensive care setting and whose critical course during a potential observation period would be unpredictable
Known hypersensitivity to sulfur hexafluoride or to any component of perflutren lipid (Definity®) or sulfur hexafluoride (Lumason®)
Right to left shunt, severe pulmonary hypertension (Pulmonary artery pressure >90mmHg), or adult respiratory distress syndrome
Has any other medical condition or other circumstances that would significantly decrease the chances of obtaining reliable data or of achieving the study objectives
Unstable cardiopulmonary disease including any of the following:
Severe congestive heart failure (class IV in accordance with the classification of the New York Heart Association)
Symptomatic arrhythmia (i.e. tachycardia, bradycardia, supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, atrial flutter or fibrillation)
Myocardial infarction within 14 days prior to the date of proposed microbubble administration.
Any woman who is pregnant or has reason to believe she is pregnant (the possibility of pregnancy has to be excluded by negative urine β-HCG results, obtained the same day as the CEUS, or on the basis of patient history, e.g.: tubal ligation, hysterectomy or a minimum of 1 year without menses)
Obesity that limits obtainment of acceptable images
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There is 1 Location for this study
Chapel Hill North Carolina, 27599, United States
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