Kidney Cancer Clinical Trial

DRCR.Net Aflibercept vs. Bevacizumab + Deferred Aflibercept for the Treatment of CI-DME

Summary

Both aflibercept and bevacizumab have been shown to improve vision in eyes with DME. In eyes with DME and at least moderate vision loss, both aflibercept and bevacizumab were also shown to be successful in many eyes. However, aflibercept was shown to be more effective at improving vision, on average, at 1 year and at 2 years. Due to the large cost difference between the two drugs, many clinicians and patients are choosing to initiate treatment with bevacizumab and then switch to aflibercept depending on the eye's response to bevacizumab treatment. However, there is no scientific evidence that this treatment strategy is as effective at improving vision as initiating treatment with aflibercept. Patients and clinicians do not know if this approach ultimately has deleterious effects on visual acuity. If starting with aflibercept is not better than starting with bevacizumab and switching to aflibercept if needed, the potential cost savings to future patients and the health care system would be substantial. However, if starting with aflibercept is better, then patients, clinicians, and health care providers can make informed decisions for how to best treat patients with DME and at least moderate vision loss.

Study Objectives To compare the efficacy of intravitreous aflibercept with intravitreous bevacizumab + deferred aflibercept if needed in eyes with CI DME and moderate vision loss

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Participant-level Criteria Inclusion

To be eligible, the following inclusion criteria must be met:

Age ≥ 18 years • Individuals <18 years old are not being included because DME is so rare in this age group that the diagnosis of DME may be questionable.

Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2)

Any one of the following will be considered to be sufficient evidence that diabetes is present:

Current regular use of insulin for the treatment of diabetes Current regular use of oral anti-hyperglycemia agents for the treatment of diabetes Documented diabetes by American Diabetes Association and/or World Health Organization criteria

At least one eye meets the study eye criteria listed.

Able and willing to provide informed consent.

Exclusion

An individual is not eligible if any of the following exclusion criteria are present:

Significant renal disease, defined as a history of chronic renal failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplant.

A condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in the study (e.g., unstable medical status including blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and glycemic control).

Individuals in poor glycemic control who, within the last four months, initiated intensive insulin treatment (a pump or multiple daily injections) or plan to do so in the next four months should not be enrolled.

Participation in an investigational trial within 30 days of randomization that involved treatment with any drug that has not received regulatory approval for the indication being studied at the time of study entry.

• Note: study participants cannot receive another investigational drug while participating in the study.

Known allergy to any component of the study drug or any drug used in the injection prep (including povidone iodine prep).

Blood pressure > 180/110 (systolic above 180 OR diastolic above 110).

• If blood pressure is brought below 180/110 by anti-hypertensive treatment, individual can become eligible.

Systemic anti-VEGF or pro-VEGF treatment within four months prior to randomization or anticipated use during the study.

• These drugs cannot be used during the study.

For women of child-bearing potential: pregnant or lactating or intending to become pregnant within the next 24 months.

• Women who are potential study participants should be questioned about the potential for pregnancy. Investigator judgment is used to determine when a pregnancy test is needed.

Individual is expecting to move out of the area of the clinical center to an area not covered by another clinical center during the next two years.

Study Eye Criteria The study participant must have at least one eye meeting all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria listed below.

Study participants can have two study eyes only if both eyes are eligible at the time of randomization. For study participants with two eligible eyes, the logistical complexities of the protocol must be considered for each individual prior to randomizing both eyes.

The eligibility criteria for a study eye are as follows:

Inclusion

Best corrected Electronic-Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study visual acuity letter score < 69 (i.e., 20/50 or worse) and ≥ 24 (i.e., 20/320 or better) within eight days of randomization.
On clinical exam, definite retinal thickening due to diabetic macular edema involving the center of the macula.

Diabetic macular edema present on optical coherence tomography (OCT) within eight days of randomization

Zeiss Cirrus central subfield: ≥ 290µm in women or ≥ 305µm in men
Heidelberg Spectralis central subfield: ≥ 305µm in women or ≥ 320µm in men
Investigator must verify accuracy of OCT scan by ensuring it is centered and of adequate quality

Media clarity, pupillary dilation, and individual cooperation sufficient for adequate fundus photographs.

Exclusions

The following exclusions apply to the study eye only (i.e., they may be present for the nonstudy eye):

Macular edema is considered to be due to a cause other than diabetic macular edema.

• An eye should not be considered eligible if: (1) the macular edema is considered to be related to ocular surgery such as cataract extraction or (2) clinical exam and/or OCT suggest that vitreoretinal interface abnormalities (e.g., a taut posterior hyaloid or epiretinal membrane) are the primary cause of the macular edema.

An ocular condition is present such that, in the opinion of the investigator, visual acuity loss would not improve from resolution of macular edema (e.g., foveal atrophy, pigment abnormalities, dense subfoveal hard exudates, nonretinal condition).
An ocular condition is present (other than diabetes) that, in the opinion of the investigator, might affect macular edema or alter visual acuity during the course of the study (e.g., vein occlusion, uveitis or other ocular inflammatory disease, neovascular glaucoma, etc.).
Substantial cataract that, in the opinion of the investigator, is likely to be decreasing visual acuity by three lines or more (i.e., cataract would be reducing acuity to 20/40 or worse if eye was otherwise normal).

History of an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment for diabetic macular edema (DME) in the past 12 months or history of any other treatment for DME at any time in the past four months (such as focal/grid macular photocoagulation, intravitreous or peribulbar corticosteroids).

• Enrollment will be limited to a maximum of 25% of the planned sample size with any history of anti-VEGF treatment for DME. Once this number of eyes has been enrolled, any history of anti-VEGF treatment for DME will be an exclusion criterion.

History of pan-retinal photocoagulation within four months prior to randomization or anticipated need for pan-retinal photocoagulation in the six months following randomization.
History of anti-VEGF treatment for a disease other than DME in the past 12 months.
History of major ocular surgery (including vitrectomy, cataract extraction, scleral buckle, any intraocular surgery, etc.) within prior four months or anticipated within the next six months following randomization.
History of YAG capsulotomy performed within two months prior to randomization.
Aphakia.
Exam evidence of external ocular infection, including conjunctivitis, chalazion, or significant blepharitis.
Evidence of uncontrolled glaucoma. • Intraocular pressure must be <30, with no more than one topical glaucoma medication, and no documented glaucomatous field loss for the eye to be eligible

Note, combination therapies are considered more than one medication

Study is for people with:

Kidney Cancer

Phase:

Phase 3

Estimated Enrollment:

270

Study ID:

NCT03321513

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Jaeb Center for Health Research

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There are 50 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

Retinal Diagnostic Center
Campbell California, 95008, United States
Macula & Retina Institute
Glendale California, 91203, United States
Loma Linda University Health Care, Department of Ophthalmology
Loma Linda California, 92354, United States
East Bay Retina Consultants, Inc
Oakland California, 94609, United States
National Ophthalmic Research Institute
Fort Myers Florida, 33912, United States
Florida Retina Institute-Jacksonville
Jacksonville Florida, 32216, United States
Florida Retina Consultants
Lakeland Florida, 33805, United States
Retina Macula Specialists of Miami
Miami Florida, 33126, United States
Central Florida Retina
Orlando Florida, 32806, United States
Florida Retina Institute
Orlando Florida, 32806, United States
Southeast Eye Institute, P.A. dba Eye Associates of Pinellas
Pinellas Park Florida, 33782, United States
Fort Lauderdale Eye Institute
Plantation Florida, 33324, United States
Retina Associates of Sarasota
Sarasota Florida, 34233, United States
Sarasota Retina Institute
Sarasota Florida, 34239, United States
Retina Associates of Florida, LLC
Tampa Florida, 33609, United States
Retina Specialists of Tampa
Wesley Chapel Florida, 33544, United States
Southeast Retina Center, P.C.
Augusta Georgia, 30909, United States
Thomas Eye Group
Sandy Springs Georgia, 30328, United States
Illinois Retina Associates, S.C.
Oak Park Illinois, 60304, United States
Springfield Clinic, LLP
Springfield Illinois, 62703, United States
Raj K. Maturi, M.D., P.C.
Indianapolis Indiana, 46290, United States
John-Kenyon American Eye Institute
New Albany Indiana, 47150, United States
Mid-America Retina Consultants, P.A.
Overland Park Kansas, 66211, United States
Retina Associates, P.A.
Shawnee Mission Kansas, 66204, United States
Paducah Retinal Center
Paducah Kentucky, 42001, United States
Eye Associates of Northeast Louisiana dba Haik Humble Eye Center
West Monroe Louisiana, 71291, United States
Mid Atlantic Retina Specialists
Hagerstown Maryland, 21740, United States
Valley Eye Physicians and Surgeons
Ayer Massachusetts, 01432, United States
Joslin Diabetes Center
Boston Massachusetts, 02215, United States
Retina Specialists of Michigan
Grand Rapids Michigan, 49546, United States
Vitreo-Retinal Associates
Grand Rapids Michigan, 49546, United States
The Retina Institute
Saint Louis Missouri, 63128, United States
Eye Associates of New Mexico
Albuquerque New Mexico, 87109, United States
MaculaCare
New York New York, 10021, United States
Retina Associates of Western New York
Rochester New York, 14620, United States
Western Carolina Clinical Research, LLC
Asheville North Carolina, 28803, United States
Charlotte Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Assoc., PA
Charlotte North Carolina, 28210, United States
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Cleveland Ohio, 44106, United States
Dean A. McGee Eye Institute
Oklahoma City Oklahoma, 73104, United States
Retina Northwest, PC
Portland Oregon, 97221, United States
Cascade Medical Research Institute, LLC
Springfield Oregon, 97477, United States
Retina Vitreous Consultants
Monroeville Pennsylvania, 15146, United States
Retinavitreous Associates, dba; Mid Atlantic Retina
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19107, United States
Southeastern Retina Associates, P.C.
Knoxville Tennessee, 37909, United States
Austin Retina Associates
Austin Texas, 78705, United States
Retina Research Center
Austin Texas, 78705, United States
Retina Center of Texas
Grapevine Texas, 76051, United States
Baylor Eye Physicians and Surgeons
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
Retina Consultants of Houston, PA
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
Texas Retina Associates
Lubbock Texas, 79424, United States
Valley Retina Institute
McAllen Texas, 78503, United States
Retinal Consultants of San Antonio
San Antonio Texas, 78240, United States
Spokane Eye Clinic
Spokane Washington, 99204, United States
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee Wisconsin, 53226, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Kidney Cancer

Phase:

Phase 3

Estimated Enrollment:

270

Study ID:

NCT03321513

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Jaeb Center for Health Research

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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