Kidney Cancer Clinical Trial

The Use of 124-I-PET/CT Whole Body and Lesional Dosimetry in Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

Summary

Study rationale

High risk patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) require therapy with 131 I under thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulation. There are two methods of TSH stimulation endogenous by thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW) leading to hypothyroidism and exogenous by injection of human recombinant TSH (rhTSH Thyrogen). The appropriate 131-I activity utilized for treatment is either based on empiric fixed dosage choice or individually determined activity based on 131 I dosimetric calculations. Although dosimetry utilizing radioactive iodine isotope 131 I enables calculation of maximum safe dose, it does not estimate the tumoricidal activity necessary to destroy the metastatic lesions. The alternative radioactive isotope of iodine -124 I, used for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, might be used for calculation not only the maximum safe131 I dose, but also to predict the absorbed dose in the metastatic lesions.

Study objectives

The primary objective of this study is to compare the 124 I -PET/CT lesional and whole body dosimetry in each individual patient with metastatic radioiodine (RAI)-avid thyroid cancer under preparation with rhTSH and THW. The secondary objective is to evaluate the predicted by PET/CT lesional uptake with the early response to therapy.

Study design

This is a phase 2 pilot prospective cohort study comparing the lesional and whole body dosimetry within each patient undergoing exogenous (rhTSH) and endogenous (THW) TSH stimulation and followed for 5 years.

Interventions

Each study participant will undergo rhTSH and THW-aided 124 I-PET/CT dosimetric evaluations and will be subsequently treated with THW-aided RAI activity based on dosimetric calculations enabling maximum safe dosage. The patients will be followed in 12+/-3 months intervals for 5 years.

Sample size and population

This pilot study will include 30 patients with high risk differentiated thyroid cancer presenting with distant and/or loco-regional metastases.

View Full Description

Full Description

Study Description:

Each study participant will undergo rhTSH and THW-aided 124IPET/ CT dosimetric evaluations and will be subsequently treated with THW-aided RAI activity based on dosimetric calculations enabling maximum safe dosage.

Objectives:

Primary objective: To compare the 124I -PET/CT lesional and whole body dosimetry in each individual patient with metastatic radioiodine (RAI)-avid thyroid cancer under preparation with rhTSH and THW.

Secondary objective: To evaluate the predicted by PET/CT lesional uptake with the early response to therapy.

Endpoints:

Primary Endpoint: The predicted radiation dose measured as rads per lesion compared per each measurable lesion between the dose calculated under rhTSH and under THW.

Secondary Endpoints: Area under the curve analyzing the association of dose per lesion measured in rads and objective response to treatment at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 years landmarks.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients with established thyroid cancer diagnosis based on the pathology report reviewed at the National Institutes of Health, who:

underwent total thyroidectomy +/- neck lymph node dissection as clinically indicated,
are presenting with known per structural imaging (US neck, CT or MRI neck/chest/abdomen/pelvis) persistent/recurrent disease either locally advanced or presenting with distant metastases; or
are presenting with suspected persistent/recurrent locoregional or distant metastases based on the high risk features such as advanced tumor per pathology report (tumor size >4 cm, exrathyroidal extension, higher risk pathology such as tall cell, columnar cell, poorly differentiated variant, follicular thyroid cancer with gross vascular invasion, positive margins after the surgery, bulky lymphadenopathy in the central and/or lateral neck), detectable/increasing baseline/suppressed thyroglobulin (Tg) level or detectable/increasing anti-Tg antibody titers if anti-Tg antibodies are present.
are either RAI -na(SqrRoot) ve or requiring repeated RAI therapy for locally advanced disease or distant metastases or underwent therapy with BRAF inhibitor (dabrafenib or vemurafenib*) or selumetinib** for at least 4 weeks that may re-induce RAI uptake.

Underwent imaging with either a CT or MRI of the brain and spine with gadolinium contrast to screen for the brain/spine metastases.

Age greater than or equal to 18 years of age.

24 hour urine iodine excretion of less than or equal to 150 micro grams/24 hour.

BRAF inhibitors are recommended by 2021 NCCN guidelines as one of the management options for BRAF mutant tumors(13,14)

Selumetinib has an FDA orphan drug designation for adjuvant treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer to re-induce RAI uptake

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

-Patients with RAI-non avid disease documented by negative post-therapy whole body scans performed after previous RAI treatments and not subjected to re-differentiation therapy.

Serious underlying medical conditions that restrict diagnostic testing or therapy such as renal failure, congestive cardiac failure or active coexisting non-thyroid carcinoma, severe depression which might be exacerbated by thyroid hormone withdrawal.

Patients with spinal or brain metastases as they are at risk of TSH-stimulation induced swelling of metastatic lesions leading to potentially detrimental side effects. These patients will be evaluated per the standard of care protocol 77-DK-0096.

Pregnant or lactating women per self report.
Adults who are incapable of providing informed consent.

Study is for people with:

Kidney Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

30

Study ID:

NCT03841617

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

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There is 1 Location for this study

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National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda Maryland, 20892, United States More Info
For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)
Contact
800-411-1222
[email protected]

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Kidney Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

30

Study ID:

NCT03841617

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

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