Kidney Cancer Clinical Trial

Yttrium-90 (Y90) Radioembolization for the Treatment of Early Stage Renal Cell Carcinoma, The RENEGADE Trial

Summary

This phase I/II trial tests the safety, side effects and effectiveness of radioembolization with yttrium-90 (Y-90) in patients with early stage renal cell carcinoma. Y-90 is a radioactive chemical that is incorporated into millions of very tiny glass spheres. These spheres are injected into the artery that feeds the cancer. This process is called radioembolization. Y-90 radioembolization may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with early stage renal cell carcinoma.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To assess safety and toxicity of Yttrium-90 radioembolization for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess tumor response and duration of response, based on Choi, Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), and modified RECIST criteria.

II. To assess time to disease progression. III. To assess progression free survival and overall survival. IV. To assess stability of renal function via glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and cystatin-C.

V. To describe the difference in quality of life before and after treatment using Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and RCC-specific Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire.

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo radioembolization with yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres (TheraSphere) given intra-arterially. Patients undergo angiogram during screening, single proton emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan on study and computed tomography (CT) scan and blood sample collection throughout the study.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1 day, 1 week, and then monthly for 24 months.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Participants must be aged ≥ 18 years at the time of screening
Written informed consent and any locally required authorization (e.g., Health Insurance Portability and accountability Act) obtained from the patient/legal representative prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations
Life expectancy ≥ 12 months
RCC, diagnosed by radiographic imaging and histology
Clinical stage of RCC: T1 or T2a, Cancer stage (N0M0)
1-2 solid (> 80% solid) target lesions
Patient not an ideal candidate for partial nephrectomy or thermal ablation at the time of study entry, based on the decision of the institution's multidisciplinary tumor board. Contraindications for partial nephrectomy include inability to potentially partially resect the kidney, high risk of adverse events due to medical comorbidities, or potential high risk of adverse events due to general anesthesia. Contraindications to thermal ablation include potential inability to technically place ablation probes into the tumor, central tumors which risk thermal injury to the renal collecting system
Patient not considered a candidate for long-term active surveillance due to oncologic risk due to tumor growth and/or tumor size
Patient not considered ideal candidates for radical nephrectomy due to surgical comorbidity and/or development of adverse health outcomes
Measurable tumor by RECIST 1.1 criteria
Absence of bilateral renal tumors
Negative serum pregnancy test in females of child-bearing potential; patients who are breast-feeding cannot participate in this trial
Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 1.0 x 10^9/L
Platelet count ≥ 75 x 10^9/L
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 at enrollment
Screening mapping angiogram demonstrates successful localization of tumor(s), where catheter placement location(s) would allow Y90 to distribute in the intended treatment area, without venous shunting

Exclusion Criteria:

Any contraindication to angiography or selective renal artery catheterization
Screening angiography with cone beam CT (CBCT) shows any arterial flow to the gastrointestinal tract uncorrectable by angiographic techniques
Screening angiography with CBCT shows poor tumor targeting that would lead to a dose that does not meet the renal dosing criteria. This typically occurs when a feeding artery to the tumor cannot be identified
Screening angiography demonstrates excessive non-tumoral renal parenchyma will be in the treatment field, that the new baseline glomerular filtration rate will be < 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2
Screening angiography demonstrates renal venous shunting of iodinated contrast that is immediately visible upon arterial injection
Extra-renal metastases, including patients with abdominal lymph nodes >1.5 cm in shorter axis, or with lung nodules (single lesion, >1 cm, or multiple smaller lesions with a total diameter >2 cm)
Brain metastases, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or spinal cord compression. Patients with suspected brain metastases at screening should have an MRI (preferred) or CT each preferably with IV contrast of the brain prior to study entry
Evidence of any tumor invasion into the renal vein, renal artery, or renal collecting system
Any prior radiation therapy to the abdomen, including localized radiation therapy to the index tumor
Concurrent treatment for RCC or treatment in the last 6 months in another clinical study, unless it is an observational study (non-interventional) or during a non-interventional follow-up stage of an interventional study, or prior randomization to this study
History of active primary/acquired immunodeficiency
Presence of renal ureteral stent in the treatment kidney at any time
History of malignancy, other than RCC, within three years, with the exception of adequately treatment carcinoma in situ of the cervix, early squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma of the skin, localized prostate cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ, or low-grade endometrial carcinoma with no myometrial invasion (negligible risk of metastases or death 5-year overall survival [OS] rate > 90%)
Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to enrollment
A history of severe allergy or intolerance to contrast agents, narcotics, sedatives or atropine that cannot be managed medically
Active infection
Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 6 months after treatment
Unstable chronic disease or evidence of any disease or condition that would place the patient at undue risk and preclude safe use of Y90 microspheres, including but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, active interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring adverse events (AEs) or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent
History of pulmonary insufficiency, measured by oxygen saturation of less than 90%
Solitary kidney
Patient not able to follow the study protocol requirements

Study is for people with:

Kidney Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

25

Study ID:

NCT06432036

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:

Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

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There is 1 Location for this study

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UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles California, 90095, United States More Info
Arshia A. Mian
Contact
310-906-6028
[email protected]
Saima Chaabane
Contact
(310)794-8995
[email protected]
Siddharth A. Padia, MD
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Kidney Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

25

Study ID:

NCT06432036

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:


Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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