Lung Cancer Clinical Trial

Accelerated Hypofractionated or Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy and Durvalumab in Treating Patients With Stage II-III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Summary

This phase I trial studies how well giving accelerated hypofractionated (ACRT) or conventionally fractionated radiation therapy and durvalumab works in treating patients with stage II-III non-small cell lung cancer. Accelerated hypofractionated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells and have fewer side effects. Conventionally fractionated radiation therapy delivers smaller doses of radiation therapy over time and may kill more tumor cells and have fewer side effects. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body's immune system attack the tumor, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether giving accelerated hypofractionated radiation therapy or conventionally fractionated radiation therapy with durvalumab will work better in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate if the addition of MEDI4736 (durvalumab) to two schedules of radiation therapies (60 Gy in 30 fractions or 60 Gy in 15 fractions) is safe.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To examine if the addition of MEDI4736 (durvalumab) to radiation therapy is feasible.

II. To assess toxicities associated with the addition of MEDI4736 (durvalumab) to radiation therapy.

III. To obtain preliminary estimates of progression-free survival (PFS), using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines, in patients who received MEDI4736 (durvalumab) added to radiation.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the impact the addition of MEDI4736 (durvalumab) has on progression-free survival, using immune-related response criteria (irRC) guidelines.

II. To assess the changes in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and various immune parameters during treatment with durvalumab and radiotherapy and changes after completion of treatment.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive durvalumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day 1 starting 2 weeks prior to radiation therapy. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 13 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo accelerated hypofractionated radiation therapy (ACRT) 1 fraction per day, 5 days per week for 15 fractions.

ARM II: Patients receive durvalumab as in Arm I. Patients also undergo conventionally fractionated radiation therapy 1 fraction per day, 5 days per week for 30 fractions.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year and then every 4 months for 1 year.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Pathologic (cytological or histological) proof of diagnosis of stage II-III (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 8th edition [ed.]) unresectable or inoperable, non-metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) within 60 days prior to registration, with no liver or renal end organ damage, as determined by normal laboratory values noted below. Locally recurrent, N1-N3 disease following surgery without prior radiation therapy is eligible. Patients with N1 to N3 and undetectable primary lung tumors (T0) are eligible
Pathological diagnosis of PD-L1 high expressing tumors (>= 50%) within 60 days prior to registration (using Dako 22C3 immunohistochemistry [IHC] antibody or the Ventana SP263 antibody platforms) performed at a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-certified lab

Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:

History/physical examination within 30 days prior to registration;
Positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scan for staging within 30 days prior to registration (note: if CT portion of PET/CT scan is not of diagnostic quality, then a separate CT scan with contrast is required);
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain with contrast; if medically contraindicated, then CT scan of the brain with contrast (unless medically contraindicated) is acceptable, within 30 days prior to registration;
Sufficient lung function with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) >= 0.8 liter or >= 35% predicted and carbon monoxide diffusing capability (DLCO) >= 40% with or without bronchodilator within 30 days prior to registration;
Patients who meet the criterion above without oxygen (O2), but who need acute (started within 10 days prior to registration) supplemental oxygen due to tumor-caused obstruction/hypoxia are eligible, provided the amount of the O2 needed has been stable
Body weight > 30 kg
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 within 30 days prior to registration
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500 cells/mm^3 (within 30 days prior to registration)
Lymphocyte count >= 500 cells/mm^3 (within 30 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 100,000 cells/mm^3 (within 30 days prior to registration)
Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (within 30 days prior to registration) (Note: The use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin [Hgb] >= 9.0 g/dl is acceptable)
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 30 days prior to registration)

Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) with the following exception (within 30 days prior to registration):

Patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level =< 3 x ULN may be enrolled
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (within 30 days prior to registration)

Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients, obtained within 14 days prior to registration. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply:

Women < 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)
Women >= 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy)

Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive may participate IF they meet the following eligibility requirements:

They must be stable on their anti-retroviral regimen, and they must be healthy from an HIV perspective
They must have a CD4 count of greater than 250 cells/mcL
They must not be receiving prophylactic therapy for an opportunistic infection
The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

Definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease
Prior invasive malignancy (except those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death and with expected curative outcome [such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, localized prostate cancer treated surgically with curative intent, or ductal carcinoma in situ treated surgically with curative intent] or undergoing active surveillance per standard-of-care management [e.g., chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) Rai stage 0, prostate cancer with Gleason score =< 6, and prostate specific antigen (PSA) =< 10 mg/mL]) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years
Prior chemotherapy or systemic therapy for the study cancer; note that prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable
Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields so that cumulative composite dose combining previous plan and current plan to be within 80 Gy to the trachea, major blood vessels, esophagus, and heart, and 55 Gy to the spinal cord (if such patients are being considered, this will need to be centrally reviewed). Prior chest radiation without overlap is permissible
History of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis. Patients with a history of treated autoimmune thyroid disease requiring thyroid replacement but not immunosuppressives, as well as type 1 diabetes, are permitted. Patients with vitiligo, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on chest PET/CT or CT scan

Severe, active co-morbidity defined as follows:

Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver, and inherited liver disease;
Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications;
Active tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and tuberculosis [TB] testing in line with local practice);
Active hepatitis B (chronic or acute) or hepatitis C infection. Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test, a positive anti-HBc [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen], and a negative viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) test (only obtained if HBsAg is found positive) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Pregnancy or women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active and not willing/able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of MEDI4736 (durvalumab); this exclusion is necessary because the treatment involved in this study may be significantly teratogenic. Women who are breastfeeding are also excluded

Any unresolved toxicity National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade >= 2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria:

Patients with grade >= 2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the study physician.
Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab may be included only after consultation with the study physician
Major surgical procedure (as defined by the investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of investigational product (IP). Note: Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable
History of allogenic organ transplantation
History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
History of active primary immunodeficiency

Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection);
Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed <<10 mg/day>> of prednisone or its equivalent;
Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication)
Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving IP and up to 30 days after the last dose of IP
Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients

Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

26

Study ID:

NCT03801902

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

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There are 53 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

Grady Health System
Atlanta Georgia, 30303, United States
Emory University Hospital Midtown
Atlanta Georgia, 30308, United States
Emory University Hospital/Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta Georgia, 30322, United States
Emory Saint Joseph's Hospital
Atlanta Georgia, 30342, United States
Augusta University Medical Center
Augusta Georgia, 30912, United States
Saint Alphonsus Cancer Care Center-Boise
Boise Idaho, 83706, United States
Saint Alphonsus Cancer Care Center-Caldwell
Caldwell Idaho, 83605, United States
Saint Alphonsus Medical Center-Nampa
Nampa Idaho, 83686, United States
University of Kansas Cancer Center-West
Kansas City Kansas, 66112, United States
University of Kansas Cancer Center
Kansas City Kansas, 66160, United States
University of Kansas Cancer Center-Overland Park
Overland Park Kansas, 66210, United States
University of Kansas Hospital-Westwood Cancer Center
Westwood Kansas, 66205, United States
Saint Elizabeth Healthcare Edgewood
Edgewood Kentucky, 41017, United States
University of Maryland/Greenebaum Cancer Center
Baltimore Maryland, 21201, United States
UM Upper Chesapeake Medical Center
Bel Air Maryland, 21014, United States
Central Maryland Radiation Oncology in Howard County
Columbia Maryland, 21044, United States
UM Baltimore Washington Medical Center/Tate Cancer Center
Glen Burnie Maryland, 21061, United States
McLaren Cancer Institute-Bay City
Bay City Michigan, 48706, United States
GenesisCare USA - Clarkston
Clarkston Michigan, 48346, United States
McLaren Cancer Institute-Clarkston
Clarkston Michigan, 48346, United States
Wayne State University/Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit Michigan, 48201, United States
GenesisCare USA - Farmington Hills
Farmington Hills Michigan, 48334, United States
Weisberg Cancer Treatment Center
Farmington Hills Michigan, 48334, United States
McLaren Cancer Institute-Flint
Flint Michigan, 48532, United States
Singh and Arora Hematology Oncology PC
Flint Michigan, 48532, United States
Karmanos Cancer Institute at McLaren Greater Lansing
Lansing Michigan, 48910, United States
Mid-Michigan Physicians-Lansing
Lansing Michigan, 48912, United States
McLaren Cancer Institute-Lapeer Region
Lapeer Michigan, 48446, United States
McLaren Cancer Institute-Macomb
Mount Clemens Michigan, 48043, United States
McLaren Cancer Institute-Northern Michigan
Petoskey Michigan, 49770, United States
McLaren-Port Huron
Port Huron Michigan, 48060, United States
GenesisCare USA - Troy
Troy Michigan, 48098, United States
Siteman Cancer Center at West County Hospital
Creve Coeur Missouri, 63141, United States
University of Kansas Cancer Center - North
Kansas City Missouri, 64154, United States
University of Kansas Cancer Center - Lee's Summit
Lee's Summit Missouri, 64064, United States
University of Kansas Cancer Center at North Kansas City Hospital
North Kansas City Missouri, 64116, United States
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis Missouri, 63110, United States
Siteman Cancer Center-South County
Saint Louis Missouri, 63129, United States
Siteman Cancer Center at Christian Hospital
Saint Louis Missouri, 63136, United States
Siteman Cancer Center at Saint Peters Hospital
Saint Peters Missouri, 63376, United States
Benefis Healthcare- Sletten Cancer Institute
Great Falls Montana, 59405, United States
Kalispell Regional Medical Center
Kalispell Montana, 59901, United States
Nebraska Methodist Hospital
Omaha Nebraska, 68114, United States
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus Ohio, 43210, United States
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City Oklahoma, 73104, United States
Legacy Mount Hood Medical Center
Gresham Oregon, 97030, United States
Legacy Good Samaritan Hospital and Medical Center
Portland Oregon, 97210, United States
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19107, United States
Lankenau Medical Center
Wynnewood Pennsylvania, 19096, United States
MD Anderson in The Woodlands
Conroe Texas, 77384, United States
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
MD Anderson West Houston
Houston Texas, 77079, United States
MD Anderson League City
League City Texas, 77573, United States
MD Anderson in Sugar Land
Sugar Land Texas, 77478, United States
Legacy Salmon Creek Hospital
Vancouver Washington, 98686, United States
West Virginia University Healthcare
Morgantown West Virginia, 26506, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

26

Study ID:

NCT03801902

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:


National Cancer Institute (NCI)

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