Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
Assessing Social Determinants of Health to Increase Cancer Screening
A multilevel lung screening intervention that pairs Social Determinants of Health (SDoH) screening and referral with a tailored health communication and decision support tool for lung screening has the potential to significantly impact lung screening uptake among at-risk individuals in the community, particularly among those who face barriers related to SDoH. In addition, findings will advance the understanding of effective strategies for improving lung screening and prevention efforts in non-traditional settings, with the ultimate goal of reducing the burden of lung cancer. As ways to support the realization of the public health benefit of lung cancer screening are considered, multiple strategies and venues to reach, and intervene, with screening-eligible is key.
The goal of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a community-based lung screening educational tool paired with a social determinants of health (SDoH) screening assessment and referral process compared to a community-based lung cancer screening (LCS) educational tool alone as part of community outreach activities to improve (a) LCS rates (primary outcome); (b) intention to screen; and (c) individual-level potential drivers of LCS (health literacy, mistrust, stigma, fatalism, knowledge, health beliefs). It is hypothesized that providing SDoH screening and referral will result in higher levels of LCS, forward movement of intention to screen, and improved individual-level drivers of LCS.
The study will be a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare primary (LCS uptake) and secondary outcomes (intent to screen, literacy, mistrust, stigma, fatalism, health beliefs) among LCS-eligible men and women in New Jersey community-based settings who receive a community-based LCS educational tool paired with a social determinants of health (SDoH) screening assessment and referral process (n=50) compared to a community-based LCS educational tool alone (n=50) as part of community outreach activities. All individuals who attend a community event are normally assessed for cancer risks and appropriate cancer screening education is provided. For those who are eligible for LCS, they will also be invited to participate in this study.
Aged 50 years to 80 years
Currently smoke or quit smoking within the past 15 years
20 pack-year smoking history
Has never had lung cancer screening
Able to provide informed consent
Able to speak and understand English
Diagnosed with lung cancer
Has a history of having a lung cancer screening scan
Unable to speak and understand English
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