Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
Local Ablative Therapy for Treatment of Oligoprogressive, EGFR-Mutated, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer After Treatment With Osimertinib
Some non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC) have a mutation in a gene that makes a protein called EGFR. This particular cancer can be treated with certain drugs such as Erlotinib (Tarceva), Gefitinib (Iressa) and Osimertinib (Tagrisso). But many tumors become resistant to these drugs because of a second mutation. Researchers want to test if adding local ablative therapy (LAT) extends the benefits of the drug, Osimertinib. LAT can include techniques such as surgery, radiofrequency ablation, cryotherapy or radiation therapy.
To test if re-taking osimertinib after LAT is safe, tolerable, and effective for people whose NSCLC has progressed after initial treatment with osimertinib.
Adults ages 18 and older with certain types of NSCLC. Participants will be divided into various groups as described below.
Participants will be screened with:
Blood, urine, and heart tests
Review of tumor sample.
Participants will take the study drug by mouth once a day. They will continue until they can no longer tolerate it or their disease worsens. They will keep a dosage diary.
All participants will start each 21-day course with physical exam; blood, urine, and saliva tests; and electrocardiogram. They will have scans every 6 weeks and echocardiogram every 3 months.
Groups 1 and 2 will:
Start osimertinib right away.
Have LAT if their disease gets worse and is suitable for LAT. If LAT cannot be performed or LAT consists of a procedure other than surgery, a tumor biopsy will be performed.
Re-start osimertinib after LAT, or other treatments if not suitable for LAT.
Group 3 will:
If LAT consists of a procedure other than surgery, a tumor biopsy will be performed.
Start osimertinib after LAT.
After participants stop taking the drugs, they will have a final visit. This will include:
Heart and blood tests
Participants will be called every year for follow-up.
EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have significantly improved the response rate (RR) and survival in patients with tumors harboring EGFR-sensitizing mutations.
An invariable consequence of treatment with EGFR-TKIs is the development of acquired resistance. The most common mechanism of resistance observed in approximately 50% of all cases is the emergence of a secondary mutation (T790M) in exon 20.
Osimertinib is a third-generation EGFR-TKI designed to target the T790M mutation, which has shown impressive responses in both first- and second-line settings.
Despite these developments, it is almost certain that selection pressure will lead to the emergence of newer clones that are resistant to treatment with osimertinib. In fact, a newly identified EGFR mutation (C797S) that results in acquired resistance to osimertinib has been reported recently.
The use of local ablative therapies for patients who develop limited metastatic disease oligoprogressive disease) on EGFR-TKI therapy is promising.
We hypothesize that following local ablative therapy to treat oligoprogressive disease after emergence of resistance to AZD9291, osimertinib can be resumed safely and reinitiation of osimertinib results in additional progression-free survival benefits.
Determine the safety, tolerability, and efficacy (as assessed by PFS) of re-initiation of osimertinib following local ablative therapy (LAT) for patients with oligoprogressive disease after treatment with osimertinib
Assess mechanisms of acquired resistance to osimertinib
Histologically confirmed advanced lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-sensitizing somatic mutations or a germline T790M mutation and no prior EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy (Cohort 1); OR progressive disease after 1st or 2nd generation EGFR TKI therapy harboring somatic T790M mutation (Cohort 2); or patients with progressive disease after treatment with osimertinib who are eligible for local ablative therapy (Cohort 3). If biopsy for EGFR mutation status confirmation is not clinically feasible, EGFR mutations may be confirmed by ctDNA analysis using a CLIA certified assay.
Presence of measurable disease per RECIST version 1.1
ECOG performance status 0-2
Adequate end organ function
If patients are not eligible for LAT, they will be referred for standard of care chemotherapy as per treating physicians discretion. These patients may also be considered for other clinical trials.
This is a single-institution, open-label phase II trial of osimertinib.
Eligible patients not previously treated with osimertinib will be treated with osimertinib daily until disease progression. At the time of progression, patients with oligoprogressive disease (no more than 5 sites of progressive disease) will be assessed for LAT.
If patients are eligible for LAT, osimertinib will be resumed after LAT and they will be followed for second progression on osimertinib (PFS2).
If patients progress at the same site where LAT has been performed before, the progression will be considered to be a result of inadequate ablation and they will be considered for repeat LAT and again re-challenged with osimertinib if clinically feasible.
Tumor samples will be obtained at baseline by a mandatory biopsy. At the time of first progression on osimertinib if a patient is eligible for surgery as a form of LAT, then a tissue sample will be obtained for genomic and proteomic studies to identify mechanisms of acquired resistance. For patients who are not eligible for LAT or a form of LAT that is not surgery (radiation, radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation), then a mandatory biopsy will be performed, if clinically safe, to obtain tissue for above studies.
Re-treatment will be allowed for a small number of subjects.
For inclusion in the study subjects should fulfill the following criteria:
Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures
Patients (male/female) must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
Patients with histologically confirmed, by the NCI Laboratory of Pathology or by CLIA-certified Next Generation Sequencing or cobas EGFR Mutation Test v1/2 at an outside institution, advanced lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-sensitizing somatic mutations or a germline T790M mutation (detected histologically or via ctDNA analysis using a CLIA assay) with:
No prior EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy (Cohort 1)
-- Progressive disease after 1st or 2nd generation EGFR TKI therapy harboring somatic T790M mutation (Cohort 2)
Progressive disease after treatment with osimertinib who are eligible for local ablative therapy (Cohort 3)
Presence of measurable disease per RECIST version 1.1.
In patients with suspected leptomeningeal disease, the diagnosis of leptomeningeal disease should be confirmed by the presence of neurological or imaging signs and/or positive CSF cytology.
ECOG performance status 0-2.
No uncontrolled arrhythmia; no myocardial infarction in the last 6 months.
Females should not be breast feeding and must have a negative pregnancy test prior to start of dosing if of child-bearing potential or must have evidence of non-child-bearing potential by fulfilling one of the following criteria at screening:
Post-menopausal defined as aged more than 50 years and amenorrheic for at least 12 months following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments
Women under 50 years old would be consider postmenopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and with LH and FSH levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution
Documentation of irreversible surgical sterilization by hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral salpingectomy but not tubal ligation
Females of child-bearing potential should use reliable methods of contraception from the time of screening until 3 months after discontinuing osimertinib. Acceptable methods of contraception include total and true sexual abstinence, tubal ligation, hormonal contraceptives that are not prone to drug-drug interactions (IUS Levonorgestrel Intra Uterine System (Mirena), Medroxyprogesterone injections (Depo-Provera), copper-banded intra-uterine devices, and vasectomized partner. All hormonal methods of contraception should be used in combination with the use of a condom by their male sexual partner for intercourse.
Male patients should be willing to use barrier contraception. Male patients should be asked to use barrier contraceptives (i.e., by use of condoms) during sex with all of their female partners during the trial and for a washout period of 3 months. Patients should refrain from donating sperm from the start of dosing until 6 months after discontinuing osimertinib treatment. If male patients wish to father children they should be advised to arrange for freezing of sperm samples prior to the start of osimertinib treatment.
Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
Subjects should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled:
Any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 1 at the time of starting study treatment with the exception of alopecia and grade 2, prior platinum-therapy related neuropathy.
Treatment with an investigational drug within five half-lives of the compound.
Major thoracic or abdominal surgery from which the patient has not sufficiently recovered yet.
Untreated and uncontrolled second tumor in the past 2 years.
Patients currently receiving (or unable to stop use prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment) medications or herbal supplements known to be potent inhibitors of CYP3A4 (at least 1 week prior) and potent inducers of CYP3A4 (at least 3 week prior) will only be eligible at the PI s discretion.
Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension and active bleeding diatheses, which in the investigator s opinion makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial or which would jeopardize compliance with the protocol. Screening for chronic conditions is not required.
Patients with CNS metastases who are neurologically unstable.
Past medical history of interstitial lung disease (ILD), drug-induced ILD, radiation pneumonitis requiring steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically active ILD
Inadequate bone marrow reserve or organ function as demonstrated by any of the following laboratory values:
Absolute neutrophil count <1 x 10(9)L
Platelet count <100 x 10(9)L
Hemoglobin <90 gL
Alanine aminotransferase >2.5 times the 22.214.171.124.4 upper limit of normal (ULN) if no demonstrable liver metastases or >5 times ULN in the presence of liver metastases
Aspartate aminotransferase >2.5 times ULN if no demonstrable liver metastases or >5 times ULN in the presence of liver metastases
Total bilirubin >1.5 times ULN if no liver metastases or >3 times ULN in the presence of documented Gilbert s Syndrome (unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) or liver metastases
Creatinine >1.5 times ULN concurrent with creatinine clearance <30 mlmin (measured or calculated by Cockcroft and Gault equation); confirmation of creatinine clearance is only required when>1.5 times ULN
Any of the following cardiac criteria
Resting corrected QT interval (QTc using Fredericia s formula) > 480 msec
Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of resting ECG (e.g., complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block, second degree heart block)
Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age in first degree relatives or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval
Significant symptomatic congestive heart failure, per PI judgement.
Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, inability to swallow the formulated product or previous significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption of osimertinib
History of hypersensitivity to osimertinib (or drugs with a similar chemical structure or class to osimertinib) or any excipients of these agents
Judgment by the Investigator that the patient should not participate in the study if the patient is unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions and requirements
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There is 1 Location for this study
Bethesda Maryland, 20892, United States
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