Lung Cancer Clinical Trial

Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation Plus Pembrolizumab Followed By Consolidation Pembrolizumab in NSCLC

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility and evaluate the safety of delivering chemoradiotherapy, the usual approach to non-small cell lung cancer, in combination with pembrolizumab (MK-3745), followed by consolidation pembrolizumab after surgical resection. Consolidation therapy is treatment given following the initial treatment.

Pembrolizumab is an investigational drug (also known as Keytruda), which has been approved by the FDA for use in certain types of skin cancer (melanoma), and for use in certain types of head and neck cancer. However, it has not been approved for use in other cancers such as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Pembrolizumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the surface of some cells of the immune system and activates them against cancer cells. It is not chemotherapy.

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Full Description

The primary hypothesis is that the addition of pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation, followed by consolidation pembrolizumab, will be safe and feasible to deliver to patients with resectable stage 3A Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

This study also plans to observe the efficacy of this combination in the overall and biomarker-positive population.

Primary Objective Primary objective of this phase 1 study is to determine safety and feasibility of MK3475 with standard of care therapy of chemotherapy with radiation for newly diagnosed stage 3 lung carcinoma.

• To define the Safety, tolerability and feasibility of MK3475 in combination with chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide along with 45 Gy of radiation in newly diagnosed stage 3 non-small cell lung carcinoma.

Secondary Objective(s)

Progression Free Survival
Objective response rate,
Complete pathologic response rate,
Nodal downstaging at surgery,
Overall survival,
Safety and tolerability

Correlative Objective(s) Exploratory objectives: Overall response rate, progression free survival, overall survival in Programmed death-ligand (PDL-1) positive versus negative subgroups

Study Design This is an open-label, single arm phase I trial of neoadjuvant chemotherapy + pembrolizumab with concurrent radiation followed by surgical resection and consolidation pembrolizumab in resectable stage 3A (N2+) NSCLC.

Eligible patients will have biopsy-confirmed T1-3N2M0 (stage IIIA) non-small cell lung cancer (adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or large cell/NSCLC not otherwise specified), performance status 0-1, adequate lung function and deemed medically resectable by a thoracic surgeon, adequate organ function for chemotherapy, and no contraindications to pembrolizumab (i.e. autoimmune disorders or underlying pulmonary fibrosis).

Because pembrolizumab has been safely added to multiple platinum doublet chemotherapy regimens in lung cancer but not yet tested in the setting of concurrent radiation, we plan to evaluate safety and feasibility of the combination therapy. 10 patients will be enrolled at the full starting dose of all 3 agents. If 3 or more (>30%) have grade 3 or higher pulmonary toxicity or any grade 4 nonhematologic toxicity, the study will be stopped. If 2 or fewer have > grade 3 pulmonary toxicity or > grade 4 other nonhematologic toxicity, then an additional 10 will be enrolled. If 5 or fewer (<25%) of the 20 patients have > grade 3 pulmonary toxicity or > grade 4 other nonhematologic toxicity, then this regimen will be deemed safe and feasible for further study.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically confirmed stage 3A Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
Have measurable or unmeasurable disease based on RECIST 1.1.
Be willing to provide archival tissue from a tumor lesion or obtain a new biopsy if tissue unavailable.
Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology group (ECOG) Performance Scale.

Demonstrate adequate organ function

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500/mcL
Platelets ≥100,000 / mcL
Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL or ≥5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoiesis dependency
Serum creatinine or Measured or calculated creatinine clearance ≤1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≥60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN
Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN, or Direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
Aspartate transaminase (AST) (SGOT) and Alanine transaminase (ALT) (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN or ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
Albumin ≥2.5 mg/dL
International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication. Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
Has a known history of active Bacillus Tuberculosis (TB)
Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.
Has had any prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy for the currently diagnosed cancer.
Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.
Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.

Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

9

Study ID:

NCT02987998

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:

Nathan Pennell, MD, PhD

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland Ohio, 44195, United States

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Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

9

Study ID:

NCT02987998

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:


Nathan Pennell, MD, PhD

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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