Melanoma Clinical Trial

NeoACTIVATE: Neoadjuvant Therapy for Patients With High Risk Stage III Melanoma

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well combinations of immunotherapies and targeted therapies work in treating patients with high-risk stage III melanoma. Vemurafenib and cobimetinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab and tiragolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving vemurafenib, cobimetinib, and atezolizumab may work better in treating high-risk stage III melanoma. Giving atezolizumab and tiragolumab together may also work better in treating high-risk stage III melanoma.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the percentage of patients with stage III BRAFV600 mutated (BRAFm) melanoma that achieves a pathologic complete response after 12 weeks of neoadjuvant vemurafenib/cobimetinib/atezolizumab (neoadjuvant phase).

II. To estimate the percentage of patients with stage III BRAF-wild-type (BRAFwt) melanoma that achieves a pathologic complete response after 12 weeks of neoadjuvant cobimetinib/atezolizumab (neoadjuvant phase).

III. To estimate the percentage of patients with stage III melanoma that achieves a pathologic complete response (pCR) after 12 weeks of neoadjuvant atezolizumab/tiragolumab (neoadjuvant phase).

IV. To assess recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with stage III BRAFm melanoma after neoadjuvant vemurafenib/cobimetinib/ atezolizumab, surgery, and adjuvant atezolizumab (adjuvant phase).

V. To assess RFS in patients with stage III BRAFwt melanoma after neoadjuvant cobimetinib/atezolizumab, surgery, and adjuvant atezolizumab (adjuvant phase).

VI. To assess RFS in patients with stage III melanoma after neoadjuvant atezolizumab/tiragolumab, surgery, and adjuvant atezolizumab (adjuvant phase).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the frequency of adverse events among patients with stage III BRAFm melanoma receiving neoadjuvant vemurafenib / cobimetinib / atezolizumab followed by surgery followed by adjuvant atezolizumab.

II. To determine the frequency of adverse events among patients with stage III BRAFwt melanoma receiving neoadjuvant cobimetinib/atezolizumab followed by surgery followed by adjuvant atezolizumab.

III. To determine the frequency of adverse events among patients with stage III melanoma receiving neoadjuvant atezolizumab/tiragolumab followed by surgery followed by adjuvant atezolizumab.

TRANSLATIONAL OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the association between pretreatment, on treatment, post-neoadjuvant and post-adjuvant treatment soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) and RFS in patients with stage III melanoma receiving neoadjuvant vemurafenib / cobimetinib / atezolizumab or cobimetinib/atezolizumab, or atezolizumab/tiragolumab, followed by surgery and adjuvant atezolizumab.

II. To determine the association between pretreatment, on treatment, post-neoadjuvant and post-adjuvant treatment intracellular bim in tumor-related T cells and RFS in patients with stage III melanoma after neoadjuvant vemurafenib/cobimetinib/atezolizumab or cobimetinib/atezolizumab, or atezolizumab/tiragolumab, followed by surgery and adjuvant atezolizumab.

III. Evaluate associations between pre and post-neoadjuvant treatment molecular features of melanomas and the tumor immune microenvironment in responders versus non-responders with multiplex immunofluorescence (MxIF) (including T-cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif domains [TIGIT]) and ribonucleic acid-sequencing (RNA-Seq) in patients with stage III melanoma after neoadjuvant vemurafenib/cobimetinib/atezolizumab or cobimetinib/atezolizumab, or atezolizumab/tiragolumab, followed by surgery and adjuvant atezolizumab.

IV. To determine the association between pretreatment tumor PD-L1, pCR, and RFS in patients with stage III melanoma receiving neoadjuvant vemurafenib/ cobimetinib/ atezolizumab or cobimetinib/atezolizumab, or atezolizumab/tiragolumab, followed by surgery and adjuvant atezolizumab.

V. To evaluate changes in cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) over time to determine whether these changes correlate with clinical outcomes, including pathologic complete response and cancer progression.

VI. To compare T cell receptor diversity/clonality in pretreatment tumor, tumor and uninvolved lymph node from the time of surgery, as well as blood from before treatment, after neoadjuvant treatment, after surgery, and after adjuvant treatment.

VII. To compare the frequency of neoantigen-specific T cells in pretreatment tumor, tumor and uninvolved lymph node from the time of surgery, as well as blood from before treatment, after neoadjuvant treatment, after surgery, and after adjuvant treatment.

VIII. To compare peripheral blood mononuclear cell subsets from before treatment, after neoadjuvant treatment, after surgery, and after adjuvant treatment via multiparametric mass cytometry (CyTOF).

IX. To assess whether treatment response to neoadjuvant systemic therapy in the index biopsy-proven metastatic node is indicative of the overall response in the nodal basin.

X. To evaluate whether baseline or changes over time in microbiome samples correlate with clinical outcomes, including pathologic complete response and cancer progression.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to Arm C.

ARM A (BRAF mutant): Patients receive vemurafenib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 and cobimetinib PO once daily (QD) on days 1-21. Patients also receive atezolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15 of cycles 2 and 3. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. (CLOSED TO ACCRUAL)

ARM B (BRAF wild-type): Patients receive cobimetinib as in Arm A and atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. (CLOSED TO ACCRUAL)

ARM C: Patients with BRAF wild-type or BRAF mutant melanoma receive atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes and tiragolumab IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Within 2-4 weeks after treatment, patients undergo surgery then receive atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeat every 21 days for up to 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for up to 3 years.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

PRE-REGISTRATION: High-risk stage III melanoma, defined as (any of the following):

Recurrent nodal metastasis, or
Clinically detectable nodal metastasis, or
Metastatic involvement of more than one nodal basin
NOTE: For the purpose of pre-registration, high-risk stage III melanoma is defined based on clinical and imaging assessment (positron emission tomography/computed tomography [PET/CT], CT, or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]). Histologic confirmation of nodal metastatic disease is not needed at the time of pre-registration, provided there is histologic confirmation of primary melanoma or a prior lymph node metastasis.
PRE-REGISTRATION: Willing to submit archival tissue from a lymph node biopsy or undergo a needle biopsy (with clip placement) for BRAF testing and for research purposes.
PRE-REGISTRATION: Willing to forego anticancer treatments or investigational agents during pre-registration period.

PRE-REGISTRATION: The following laboratory values obtained =< 28 days prior to pre-registration:

Only for patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation: stable anticoagulant regimen and stable international normalized ratio (INR).
REGISTRATION: Histologic confirmation of stage III melanoma, as defined by the American Joint Committee on Cancer, 8th revised edition.
REGISTRATION: Documentation of BRAFV600 mutation status in melanoma tumor tissue (archival or newly obtained) through use of a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-approved clinical mutation test.
REGISTRATION: Surgically resectable disease, as determined by a melanoma surgical oncologist.
REGISTRATION: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
REGISTRATION: Life expectancy >= 26 weeks.
REGISTRATION: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 obtained =< 14 days prior to registration.
REGISTRATION: Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 obtained =< 14 days prior to registration.
REGISTRATION: Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL obtained =< 14 days prior to registration.
REGISTRATION: Direct bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) obtained =< 14 days prior to registration.
REGISTRATION: Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 2 x ULN obtained =< 14 days prior to registration.
REGISTRATION: Alkaline phosphatase < 2.5 x ULN obtained =< 14 days prior to registration.
REGISTRATION: Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 45 mL/min on the basis of measured CrCl from a 24-hour urine collection or Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation obtained =< 14 days prior to registration.
REGISTRATION: Arms A and B only: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% or institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) =< 6 months prior to registration.

REGISTRATION: Arms A and B only: Average corrected QT interval (QTc) =< 450 ms on triplicate 12 lead electrocardiography (ECG) =< 28 days prior to registration.

NOTE: QTc intervals will be corrected using Fridericia's formula.
REGISTRATION: Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only.
REGISTRATION: For persons of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a contraceptive method with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for 6 months after the last dose of study treatment.
REGISTRATION: For persons able to father a child: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse with a person of childbearing potential) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm during the treatment period and for 6 months after the last dose of study treatment.
REGISTRATION: Provide written informed consent.
REGISTRATION: Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study).
REGISTRATION: Willing to provide tissue, blood, and stool samples for correlative research purposes.
REGISTRATION: Arm C Only: Negative serology for acute Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection (negative EBV viral capsid antigen [VCA] immunoglobulin M [IgM]).

Exclusion Criteria:

PRE-REGISTRATION: Prior systemic anti-cancer therapy for melanoma (e.g., chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy including anti-PD-1, anti-PDL1 agents, or other biologic therapies), with the following exceptions: adjuvant treatment with interferon, IL-2, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or vaccine therapies are allowed, if discontinued >= 28 days prior to pre-registration.
PRE-REGISTRATION: Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm.
PRE-REGISTRATION: For patients with concurrent diagnosis of primary melanoma with nodal involvement, major surgical procedure other than lymph node biopsy or wide local excision of primary melanoma =< 4 weeks prior to pre-registration, or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure for reasons other than melanoma during the course of the study.
PRE-REGISTRATION: For patients with nodal recurrence, surgical procedure or anti-cancer therapy for this recurrence (other than lymph node biopsy) or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure for reasons other than melanoma during the course of the study.
PRE-REGISTRATION: Prior radiotherapy for melanoma.
PRE-REGISTRATION: History of non-nodal melanoma metastasis or central nervous system (CNS) lesion(s) proven or clinically suspected to be metastasis.

PRE-REGISTRATION: Active malignancy (other than melanoma) or malignancy =< 3 years prior to pre-registration.

NOTE: Exceptions: Asymptomatic papillary thyroid cancer (not requiring treatment), resected basal cell carcinoma (BCC), resected cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), resected carcinoma in situ of the cervix, resected carcinoma in situ of the breast, in situ prostate cancer, non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, Stage I uterine cancer, or other curatively treated malignancies from which the patient has been disease-free for at least 3 years prior to pre registration.
PRE-REGISTRATION: Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation.
PRE-REGISTRATION: History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan.

PRE-REGISTRATION: History of autoimmune disease requiring systemic immunosuppressive or immune-modulatory therapy =< 5 years prior to pre-registration.

NOTE: Exceptions are allowed for hypothyroidism on thyroid replacement therapy; or Type 1 diabetes on insulin regimen.
PRE-REGISTRATION: Active psoriasis requiring therapy (systemic or topical).
PRE-REGISTRATION: Known clinically significant liver disease, including alcoholism, cirrhosis, fatty liver, and other inherited liver disease as well as active viral disease.

PRE-REGISTRATION: Arms A and B only: History of or evidence of retinal pathology on ophthalmologic examination including but not limited to:

Neurosensory retinal detachment
Central serous chorioretinopathy
Retinal vein occlusion (RVO)
Neovascular macular degeneration

PRE-REGISTRATION: Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy.

NOTE: Patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial.

PRE-REGISTRATION: Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

Ongoing or active infection (including but not limited to tuberculosis)

Clinically significant cardiac dysfunction including:

Symptomatic congestive heart failure defined as New York Heart Association class II or higher
Unstable angina pectoris or new-onset angina =< 3 months prior to pre-registration
Unstable cardiac arrhythmia
Myocardial infarction =< 3 months prior to pre-registration
Congenital long QT syndrome
Clinically significant stroke, reversible ischemic neurological defect, or transient ischemic attack =< 6 months prior to pre-registration
Any grade 3 hemorrhage or bleeding event =< 4 weeks prior to pre-registration
Uncontrolled diabetes or symptomatic hyperglycemia
Psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the judgement of the investigator, would: a) limit compliance with study requirements, or b) make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study, or c) interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens.
PRE-REGISTRATION: Known hypersensitivity to biopharmaceutical agents produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells (example [ex]: recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH]).
PRE-REGISTRATION: Known hypersensitivity to any components of the atezolizumab (all arms), tiragolumab (Arm C only), cobimetinib (Arms A and B only), or vemurafenib (Arms A and B only) formulations.
PRE-REGISTRATION: History of severe allergic, anaphylactic or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins.
REGISTRATION: Received anticancer treatments or investigational agents during pre-registration period.
REGISTRATION: Clinically suspected non-nodal metastatic melanoma.
REGISTRATION: Arm A only: For BRAF-mutant patients only: anticipated use of any concomitant medication =< 7 days prior to registration that is known to cause QT prolongation (which may lead to torsade de pointes).
REGISTRATION: Arms A and B only: History of malabsorption or other clinically significant metabolic dysfunction that may interfere with absorption of oral study treatment or inability or unwillingness to swallow oral medication.

REGISTRATION: Signs or symptoms of infection or has received antibiotics =< 14 days prior to registration.

NOTE: Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., to prevent a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are eligible for the study.

REGISTRATION: Any of the following because this study involves investigational agents whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:

Pregnant persons
Nursing persons
Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
REGISTRATION: Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine =< 4 weeks prior to registration, or anticipation of need for such a vaccine during the course of the study.

REGISTRATION: Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication (including, but not limited to, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha agents) =< 2 weeks prior to registration, or anticipation of need for systemic immunosuppressive medication during the course of the study.

NOTE: Patients who have received acute, low-dose systemic steroids (=< 10 mg/day oral prednisone or equivalent) prior to registration or a one-time pulse dose of systemic immunosuppressant medication (e.g., 48 hours of corticosteroids for a contrast allergy) are eligible for the study.
NOTE: The use of inhaled corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone), or low-dose corticosteroids for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed.
REGISTRATION: Requirement for concomitant therapy or food that is prohibited during the study.
REGISTRATION: Arms A and B only: Inability to abstain from alcohol during neoadjuvant phase.

REGISTRATION: Arm C only: Known Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection.

NOTE: Patients with symptoms such as splenomegaly, fever, sore throat, non-malignant cervical lymphadenopathy, and/or tonsillar exudate, should undergo an EBV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test to screen for acute infection or suspected chronic active infection. Patients with a positive EBV PCR test are excluded.

Study is for people with:

Melanoma

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

30

Study ID:

NCT03554083

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

Mayo Clinic

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There are 3 Locations for this study

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Mayo Clinic in Florida
Jacksonville Florida, 32224, United States More Info
Clinical Trials Referral Office
Contact
855-776-0015
[email protected]
Roxana S. Dronca, M.D.
Principal Investigator
University of Minnesota/Masonic Cancer Center
Minneapolis Minnesota, 55455, United States
Mayo Clinic in Rochester
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States More Info
Clinical Trials Referral Office
Contact
855-776-0015
[email protected]
Matthew S. Block, M.D.
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Melanoma

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

30

Study ID:

NCT03554083

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


Mayo Clinic

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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