Multiple Myeloma Clinical Trial

Belantamab Mafodotin, Lenalidomide, and Daratumumab for the Treatment of Relapsed, Refractory, or Previously Untreated Multiple Myeloma

Summary

This phase I/II trial studies the best dose and effect of belantamab mafodotin given together with lenalidomide and daratumumab in treating patients with multiple myeloma that has come back (relapsed), does not respond to treatment (refractory) or for which the patient has not received treatment in the past (previously untreated). Belantamab mafodotin is a monoclonal antibody, called belantamab, linked to a chemotherapy drug, called mafodotin. Belantamab is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, known as BCMA receptors, and delivers mafodotin to kill them. Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory drug (altering the immune effects on the tumor cell). Daratumumab is a drug that is a monoclonal antibody that is directed towards a protein on the myeloma cell. Giving belantamab mafodotin together with lenalidomide and daratumumab may kill more cancer cells.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of belantamab mafodotin (belantamab) in combination with daratumumab and lenalidomide in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. (Phase I) II. To assess the confirmed complete response rate following induction therapy with belantamab, daratumumab, and lenalidomide (bortezomib-dexamethasone-rituximab [BDR]), OR alternating cycles of daratumumab, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and belantamab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone, when used as initial therapy in patients with previously untreated symptomatic multiple myeloma patients. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe the toxicities associated with the combination of belantamab, daratumumab, and lenalidomide when used as initial therapy in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma. (Phase I) II. To assess the overall response rate (ORR) and >= very good partial response (VGPR) rate of belantamab, daratumumab, and lenalidomide (BDR) (Phase II), OR alternating cycles of daratumumab, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and belantamab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone. (Phase II) III. To assess the progression free survival and overall survival among patients with previously untreated symptomatic multiple myeloma following treatment with belantamab, daratumumab, and lenalidomide (BDR) (Phase II), OR alternating cycles of daratumumab, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and belantamab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone. (Phase II) IV. To assess the time to response (defined as the time between the date of first dose and the first documented evidence of a partial response or better) following treatment with belantamab, daratumumab, and lenalidomide (BDR) (Phase II), OR alternating cycles of daratumumab, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and belantamab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone. (Phase II) V. To describe the toxicities associated with belantamab, daratumumab, and lenalidomide (BDR) (Phase II), OR alternating cycles of daratumumab, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and belantamab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone. (Phase II)

CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVE:

I. Examine the rate of minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity following induction therapy with the combination of belantamab, daratumumab, and lenalidomide (BDR) (Phase II), OR alternating cycles of daratumumab, lenalidomide, dexamethasone and belantamab, lenalidomide and dexamethasone. (Phase II)

OUTLINE: This is a phase I dose-escalation study of belantamab mafodotin, followed by a phase II study.

PHASE I:

INDUCTION: Patients receive belantamab mafodotin intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1, lenalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21, and daratumumab IV over 90 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycles 1 and 2, days 1 and 15 of cycles 3-6, and day 1 of subsequent cycles. Treatment with belantamab mafodotin repeats every 56 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment with lenalidomide and daratumumab repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Beginning cycle 13, patients receive belantamab mafodotin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of odd number cycles, lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21, and daratumumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Treatment with belantamab mafodotin repeats every 56 days, and every 28 days for lenalidomide and daratumumab in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment with belantamab mafodotin repeats every 56 days (every other cycle) for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Treatment with lenalidomide and daratumumab repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PHASE II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM A:

INDUCTION: Patients receive belantamab mafodotin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of odd number cycles, lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21, and daratumumab IV over 90 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycles 1 and 2, days 1 and 15 of cycles 3-6, and day 1 of subsequent cycles. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Beginning cycle 13, patients receive belantamab mafodotin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of odd number cycles (starting cycle 13), lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21, and daratumumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B:

INDUCTION: Patients receive belantamab mafodotin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of cycles 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12, lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21, daratumumab IV over 90 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycles 1 and 3, and days 1 and 15 on cycles 5, 7, 9, and 11. Patients also receive dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Beginning cycle 13, patients receive belantamab mafodotin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of even numbered cycles, lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21, and daratumumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1 of odd numbered cycles. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, then every 3-6 months for up to 3 years.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Age >= 18 years
Phase I: Relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma with at least one prior line of therapy that includes a proteasome inhibitor and an immunomodulatory drug. Patient should be refractory to lenalidomide
Phase II: Previously untreated multiple myeloma (diagnosed by International Myeloma Working Group [IMWG] criteria) or have received no more than one cycle of Standard of Care treatment regimen
Note: Prior radiation therapy for the treatment of solitary plasmacytoma is permitted. Prior therapy with clarithromycin, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), anakinra, pamidronate or zoledronic acid is permitted. Any additional agents not listed must be approved by the principal investigator

Measurable disease

Note: Phase I patients can enter trial with M spike >= 0.5 g/dl
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1200/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Prothrombin time (PT)/International Normalized Ratio (INR)/activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN OR if patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy and INR or aPTT is within target range of therapy (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)

Female participants: Female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breast feeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR

Due to lenalidomide being a thalidomide analogue with risk for embryofetal toxicity and prescribed under a pregnancy prevention/controlled distribution program, and bortezomib having the potential to cause fetal harm, WOCBP participants will be eligible if they commit to either:

Abstain continuously from heterosexual sexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent OR

To use birth control as follows:

Two methods of reliable birth control (one method that is highly effective and one additional effective (barrier) method), beginning 4 weeks prior to initiating treatment with lenalidomide, during therapy, during dose interruptions and continuing for 4 weeks following discontinuation of lenalidomide treatment. Thereafter, WOCBP participants must use one method of reliable birth control that is highly effective for a further 4 months following discontinuation of belantamab mafodotin or a further 2 months after discontinuation of daratumumab. WOCBP must also agree not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) for the purpose of reproduction during treatment, during dose interruptions and for 28-days following the last dose of lenalidomide, or 4 months following discontinuation of belantamab mafodotin treatment, whichever is longer.

Note: The Investigator is responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with an early undetected pregnancy

Male participants: Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following from the time of first dose of study treatment until 28-days after the last dose of lenalidomide, or 6 months after the last dose of belantamab mafodotin, whichever is longer, to allow for clearance of any altered sperm:

Refrain from donating sperm PLUS either
Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent OR

Must agree to use contraception/barrier as detailed below:

Agree to use a male condom, even if they have undergone a successful vasectomy, and female partner to use an additional highly effective contraceptive method with a failure rate of < 1% per year as when having sexual intercourse with a woman of childbearing potential (including pregnant females)
Ability to understand the study procedures and provide written informed consent

Negative hepatitis B test (defined by a negative test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg], or antibodies to hepatitis B surface and/or core antigens [antiHBs or antiHBc])

Note: Participants with serologic findings suggestive of HBV vaccination (antiHBs positivity as the only serologic marker) AND a known history of prior hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination do not need to be tested for HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Those who are PCR positive will be excluded from the study
Participant agrees not to use contact lenses while participating in the study
Willingness to provide mandatory bone marrow and blood specimens for research
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study)
All prior treatment-related toxicities (defined by National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE), version 5.0) must be =< grade 1 at the time of enrolment except for alopecia

Exclusion Criteria:

Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance or smoldering multiple myeloma
Major surgery =< 28 days prior to registration
Plasmapheresis =< 14 days prior to registration

Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy =< 2 years prior to registration or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease

Note: Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection
Note: If there is a history of prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment (hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy) for their cancer
Receiving any other concurrent chemotherapy, systemic steroids, any ancillary therapy considered investigational for treatment of multiple myeloma, or receiving radiotherapy =< 14 days or five half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior to first dose of study treatment. Note: Bisphosphonates are considered to be supportive care rather than therapy and are thus allowed while on protocol treatment
Known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive

Presence of positive hepatitis C antibody test result or positive hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) test result at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment

Note: Participants with positive hepatitis C antibody due to prior resolved disease can be enrolled, only if a confirmatory negative Hepatitis C RNA test is obtained
Note: Hepatitis RNA testing is optional and participants with negative hepatitis C antibody test are not required to also undergo hepatitis C RNA testing

Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

Ongoing or active infection (defined as infection undergoing treatment)
Active mucosal or internal bleeding
Social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
Corneal epithelial disease (except for mild changes in the corneal epithelium)
Known gastrointestinal disease (including difficulty swallowing) or gastrointestinal procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of lenalidomide or dexamethasone
Unstable liver or biliary disease defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminemia, esophageal or gastric varices, persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis. Note: Stable non-cirrhotic chronic liver disease (including Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones) or hepatobiliary involvement of malignancy is acceptable if otherwise meets entry criteria
Active renal condition (infection, requirement for dialysis or any other condition that could affect participant's safety). Note: Participants with isolated proteinuria resulting from MM are eligible, provided they fulfill inclusion criteria

Evidence of cardiovascular disease risk, as defined by any of the following:

Evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias, including clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities such as 2nd degree (Mobitz Type II) or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block
History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting or bypass grafting =< 90 days prior to registration
Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification system
Uncontrolled hypertension
History of myocardial infarction, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to corticosteroids, monoclonal antibodies or human proteins, or their excipients (refer to respective package inserts or Investigator's Brochure) or known sensitivity to belantamab mafodotin or drugs chemically related to belantamab mafodotin, or any of the components of the study treatment

Study is for people with:

Multiple Myeloma

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

12

Study ID:

NCT04892264

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

Mayo Clinic

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Mayo Clinic in Rochester
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States More Info
Clinical Trials Referral Office
Contact
855-776-0015
[email protected]
Shaji K. Kumar, M.D.
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Multiple Myeloma

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

12

Study ID:

NCT04892264

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


Mayo Clinic

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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