Multiple Myeloma Clinical Trial
Belantamab Mafodotin, Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone for the Treatment of High-Risk Myeloma
This phase II trial studies the effect of belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide, and dexamethasone in treating patents with high-risk myeloma. Belantamab mafodotin is a monoclonal antibody, called belantamab, linked to a chemotherapy drug, called mafodotin. Belantamab is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules on the surface of cancer cells, known as BCMA receptors, and delivers mafodotin to kill them. Chemotherapy drugs, such as pomalidomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as dexamethasone lower the body's immune response and are used with other drugs in the treatment of some types of cancer. Giving belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide, and dexamethasone may kill more cancer cells.
I. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide and dexamethasone (BPd) by assessing the >= complete response (CR) rates with BPd maintenance in patients with high-risk myeloma by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria.
I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the combination of BPd in patients with high-risk myeloma.
II. To determine the antitumor activity of BPd maintenance among high-risk myeloma patients.
I. To evaluate the changes in microenvironment among patients receiving BPd maintenance.
Patients receive belantamab mafodotin intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 of every other cycle, pomalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21, and dexamethasone PO QD on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.
Transplant-eligible myeloma patient that has undergone autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) within one year of their diagnosis and has achieved >= partial response (PR) based on IMWG standard criteria. Patients will be enrolled within day 60-100 after ASCT
Patient's with high-risk disease defined as
Presence of del(17p); t(4;14); t(14;16); t(14;20) by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or by cytogenetics (CTG)
Plasma cell leukemia at diagnosis with >= 20% circulating plasma cells on peripheral blood
Participant must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2
Participant must be >= 18 years of age
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1.5 x 10^9/L (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
Platelets >= 75 x 10^9/L (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (Isolated bilirubin >= 1.5 x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin < 35%) (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >= 30 mL/min/ 1.73 m^2 (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
Spot urine (albumin/creatinine ratios) < 500 mg/g (56 mg/mmol) (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
Female participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:
Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR
Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of < 1% per year), preferably with low user dependency, during the intervention period and for at least 4 months after the last dose of study intervention and agrees not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) for the purpose of reproduction during this period. The investigator should evaluate the effectiveness of the contraceptive method in relationship to the first dose of study intervention.
WOCBP refers to sexually mature female, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months. A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive serum pregnancy test (as required by local regulations) within 72 hours before the first dose of study intervention. The investigator is responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with a nearly undetected pregnancy.
Nonchildbearing potential is defined as follows (by other than medical reasons):
>= 45 years of age and has not had menses for > 1 year
Patients who have been amenorrhoeic for < 2 years without history of a hysterectomy and oophorectomy must have a follicle stimulating hormone value in the postmenopausal range upon screening evaluation
Post-hysterectomy, post-bilateral oophorectomy, or post-tubal ligation. Documented hysterectomy or oophorectomy must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure or confirmed by an ultrasound. Tubal ligation must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure
Male participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies. Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following during the intervention period and for 6 months after the last dose of study treatment to allow for clearance of any altered sperm:
Refrain from donating sperm PLUS either:
Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent OR
Must agree to use contraception/barrier as detailed below:
Agree to use a male condom, even if they have undergone a successful vasectomy, and female partner to use an additional highly effective contraceptive method with a failure rate of < 1% per year as when having sexual intercourse with a woman of childbearing potential (including pregnant females)
All prior treatment-related toxicities (defined by National Cancer Institute- Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI-CTCAE], version 4.03) must be =< grade 1 at the time of enrolment except for alopecia
Participant must be able to understand the study procedures and agree to participate in the study by providing written informed consent
Participant must not have current corneal epithelial disease except mild changes in corneal epithelium
Participant must not have current unstable liver or biliary disease defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminemia, esophageal or gastric varices, persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis
Note: Stable non-cirrhotic chronic liver disease (including Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones) or hepatobiliary involvement of malignancy is acceptable if otherwise meets entry criteria
Participant must not have presence of active renal condition (infection, requirement for dialysis or any other condition that could affect participant's safety). Participants with isolated proteinuria resulting from multiple myeloma (MM) are eligible, provided they fulfil inclusion criteria
Participant must not use contact lenses while participating in this study
Participant must not be simultaneously enrolled in any interventional clinical trial
Participant must not have used an investigational drug or approved systemic anti-myeloma therapy (including systemic steroids) within 14 days or five half-lives, whichever is shorter, preceding the first dose of study drug
Participant must not have had plasmapheresis within 7 days prior to first dose of study treatment
Participant must not have received prior treatment with a monoclonal antibody within 30 days of receiving the first dose of study drugs
Participant must not have had major surgery =< 4 weeks prior to initiating study treatment
Participant must not have any evidence of active mucosal or internal bleeding
Participant must not have evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following:
Evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias, including clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities such as 2nd degree (Mobitz Type II) or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block
History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting or bypass grafting within three (3) months of Screening
Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification system (NYHA, 1994)
Participant must not have known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncratic reactions to belantamab mafodotin or drugs chemically related to belantamab mafodotin, or any of the components of the study treatment
Participant must not have an active infection requiring treatment
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, unless the participant can meet all of the following criteria:
Established anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for at least 4 weeks and HIV viral load < 400 copies/mL
CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts >= 350 cells/uL
No history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infections within the last 12 months
Note: consideration must be given to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prophylactic antimicrobials that may have a drug:drug interaction and/or overlapping toxicities with belantamab mafodotin or other combination products as relevant
Positive hepatitis C antibody test result or positive hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) test result at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment unless the participant can meet the following criteria:
RNA test negative
Successful anti-viral treatment (usually 8 weeks duration) is required, followed by a negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA test after a washout period of at least 4 weeks
Patients will hepatitis B will be excluded unless the following criteria can be met
SEROLOGY: Hepatitis B core antibody positive (HbcAb+), hepatitis B surface antigen negative (HbsAg-); SCREENING: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) undetectable; DURING STUDY TREATMENT: Monitoring per protocol, antiviral treatment instituted if HBV DNA becomes detectable
SEROLOGY: HBsAg+ at screen or within 3 months prior to first dose; SCREENING: HBV DNA undetectable, highly effective antiviral treatment started at least 4 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment, baseline imaging per protocol, participants with cirrhosis are excluded; DURING STUDY TREATMENT: Antiviral treatment maintained throughout study treatment, monitoring and management per protocol
Note: presence of hep B surface antibody (HBsAb) indicating previous vaccination will not exclude a participant
Participant must not have invasive malignancies other than disease under study, unless the second malignancy has been medically stable for at least 2 years and, in the opinion of the principal investigators, will not affect the evaluation of the effects of clinical trial treatments on the currently targeted malignancy. Participants with curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer may be enrolled without a 2-year restriction
Participant must not have any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric disorder, or other conditions (including lab abnormalities) that could interfere with participant's safety, obtaining informed consent or compliance to the study procedures
Diagnosed with smoldering MM, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome, amyloidosis or standard risk myeloma or secondary plasma cell leukemia
High risk patients that did not achieve >= PR after stem cell transplant
Participant has >= grade 2 peripheral neuropathy on clinical examination within 28 days before initiation of protocol therapy
Participants must not be pregnant or lactating
Any condition, including laboratory abnormalities, that in the opinion of the investigator places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study
Prior malignancy (within the last 5 years) except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or in situ cervical cancer
Known hypersensitivity to acyclovir or similar anti-viral drug
Known intolerance to steroid therapy
Contraindication or prior intolerance to thromboembolic prophylaxis with aspirin, warfarin or low-molecular weight heparin
Participants with known central nervous system (CNS) disease
Poor tolerability or known allergy to any of the study drugs or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to dexamethasone, boron or mannitol
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