Multiple Myeloma Clinical Trial
Cevostamab Following CAR T Cell Therapy for RRMM
This is a Phase 2, open-label, single-arm, single stage, single-institution study, with an initial safety run-in period. Potential subjects with relapsed/refractory myeloma who are undergoing standard of care, commercially-available BCMA-directed CAR T cell therapy may be identified pre-CAR T cell infusion but are not consented and enrolled until at least 4 weeks after CAR T cell infusion, once recovered from acute toxicities. Note: the lymphodepleting chemotherapy and CAR T cell therapy is being administered as part of standard clinical practice and is not considered part of this protocol. Alternative lymphodepleting regimens other than fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (eg in the setting of fludarabine shortages) are acceptable. Cevostamab will be given as an IV infusion once every 3 weeks, starting on day +56 (+/- 4 days) post-CAR T cell infusion, with subjects planned to receive 8 cycles initially. Aiming to assess the impact of cevostamab consolidation post-BCMA CAR T cell therapy on rate of MRD-negative complete remission (CR) at 12 months.
Signed Informed Consent Form(s)
Age â‰¥18 years at time of signing Informed Consent Form
Ability to comply with the study protocol
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1
Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
Subjects must have relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma with at least 4 prior lines of therapy that must include a proteasome inhibitor, immunomodulatory drug (IMiD), and anti-CD38 antibody, and have received a BCMA-directed CAR T cell product as standard of care (i.e. not on a clinical trial) between 4 and 8 weeks prior to enrollment, and have not had progressive disease by IMWG criteria since CAR T cell infusion. Patients who have received out-of-specification CAR T cell products are not eligible.
Agreement to provide bone marrow biopsy and aspirate samples
Non-hematologic adverse events from prior anti-cancer therapy resolved to Grade â‰¤ 1, with the certain exceptions.
Measurable disease is not required for study entry
Laboratory values as follows:
a. Hepatic function i. AST and ALT â‰¤ 3 x ULN ii. Total bilirubin â‰¤ 1.5 x ULN; b. Hematologic function (requirement prior to first dose of cevostamab) i. Platelet count â‰¥ 50,000/mm3 without transfusion within 7 days prior to first dose ii. ANC â‰¥ 1000/mm3 iii. Total hemoglobin â‰¥ 7 g/dL c. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) â‰¥ 30 mL/min d. Serum calcium (corrected for albumin) level at or below Grade 1 hypercalcemia
For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, as defined in the protocol.
For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a condom, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined in the protocol.
Inability to comply with protocol-mandated hospitalization and activities restrictions
Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within 3 months after the last dose of study drug
a. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to initiation of study drug.
Subjects who had â‰¥ Grade 3 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) or immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) by ASTCT criteria, or any grade macrophage activation syndrome/hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (MAS/HLH)after CAR-T therapy are excluded
Subjects who had any grade movement and/or neurocognitive disorder attributed to CAR T cells are excluded.
Prior treatment with systemic immunotherapeutic agents, including, but not limited to, cytokine therapy and anti-CTLA4, anti-PD-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies, within 12 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug, whichever is shorter, before first cevostamab infusion
Known treatment-related, immune-mediated adverse events associated with prior immunotherapeutic agents as in the protocol.
Treatment with any chemotherapeutic agent, or any other anti-cancer agent (investigational or otherwise) during the time period between CAR T cell infusion and first cevostamab infusion, with the following exceptions:
Therapies used for treatment of CAR T cell-related toxicities (e.g. steroids, cyclophosphamide) will not be a cause for exclusion, as long as washout period listed below (2 weeks) is met
Short course palliative radiation post-CAR T cell therapy (e.g. for severe bone pain, impending fracture) is allowed as long as completed at least 1 week prior to first dose of cevostamab.
Received systemic immunosuppressive medications (including, but not limited to, steroids, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, tocilizumab, siltuximab, anakinra, ruxolitinib, and anti-tumor necrosis factor agents), with the exception of corticosteroid treatment â‰¤ 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent, within 2 weeks prior to first dose of cevostamab a. Subjects who received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., single dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled in the study.
i. The use of inhaled corticosteroids is permitted. ii. The use of mineralocorticoids for management of orthostatic hypotension is permitted.
iii. The use of physiologic doses of corticosteroids for management of adrenal insufficiency is permitted.
Autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) within 100 days prior to first cevostamab infusion
Prior allogeneic SCT within 12 months prior to first cevostamab infusion. Subjects with prior allogeneic SCT must have no evidence for active graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) and be off all therapy for GVHD for at least 3 months prior to first cevostamab infusion.
Prior solid organ transplantation
History of autoimmune disease, including, but not limited to, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, SjÃ¶gren's syndrome, Guillain-BarrÃ© syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis
a. Subjects with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible for this study.
Subjects with history of confirmed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to monoclonal antibody therapy (or recombinant antibody-related fusion proteins)
History of other malignancy that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results
Subjects with a history of curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix are allowed.
Subjects with a malignancy that has been treated with curative intent will also be allowed if the malignancy has been in remission prior to first cevostamab infusion.
Current or past history of CNS disease, such as stroke, epilepsy, CNS vasculitis, neurodegenerative disease, or CNS involvement by MM
Subjects with a history of stroke who have not experienced a stroke or transient ischemic attack in the past 2 years and have no residual neurologic deficits as judged by the investigator are allowed.
Subjects with a history of epilepsy who have had no seizures in the past 2 years while not receiving any anti-epileptic medications are allowed.
Significant cardiovascular disease (such as, but not limited to, New York Heart Association Class III or IV cardiac disease, myocardial infarction within the last 6 months, uncontrolled arrhythmias, or unstable angina) that may limit a subject's ability to adequately tolerate a cytokine release syndrome (CRS) event
Symptomatic active pulmonary disease or requiring supplemental oxygen
Known active bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial, parasitic, or other infection (excluding fungal infections of nail beds) at study enrollment, or any major episode of infection requiring treatment with IV antibiotics within 14 days prior to first cevostamab infusion. Empiric or prophylactic antibiotics administered during neutropenia or neutropenic fever without microbiologic evidence of infection do not exclude subjects.
a. Subjects with asymptomatic CMV reactivation (i.e. positive CMV PCR) found at screening may enroll after discussion with the Medical Director.
Known or suspected chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Guidelines for diagnosing chronic active EBV infection are provided by Okano et al. (2005).
Recent major surgery within 4 weeks prior to first cevostamab infusion
a. Protocol-mandated procedures (e.g., bone marrow biopsies) are permitted.
Positive serologic or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test results for acute or chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection
a. Subjects whose HBV infection status cannot be determined by serologic test results must be negative for HBV by PCR to be eligible for study participation.
Acute or chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection
a. Subjects who are positive for HCV antibody must be negative for HCV by PCR to be eligible for study participation.
Known history of HIV seropositivity
Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before first cevostamab infusion or anticipation that such a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season (approximately October to May in the Northern Hemisphere). Subjects must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMistÂ®) at any time during the study treatment period.
SARS-CoV-2 vaccines may be given in accordance with the approved/authorized vaccine label and official/local immunization guidance. SARS-CoV-2 vaccines must not be administered within 1 week before first study treatment or during Cycle 1.
Investigators should review the vaccination status of potential study subjects being considered for this study and follow the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines for adult vaccination with any other non-live vaccines intended to prevent infectious diseases prior to study.
Any medical condition or abnormality in clinical laboratory tests that, in the Medical Director's judgment, precludes the subject's safe participation in and completion of the study, or which could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results.
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