Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Trial

Effects of Stimulation Patterns of Deep Brain Stimulation

Summary

The purpose of this study is to measure the effects of non-regular temporal patterns of deep brain stimulation (DBS) on motor symptoms and neural activity in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD), essential tremor (ET) or multiple sclerosis (MS). These data will guide the design of novel stimulation patterns that may lead to more effective and reliable treatment with DBS. These data will also enable evaluation of current hypotheses on the mechanisms of action of DBS. Improving our understanding of the mechanisms of action of DBS may lead to full development of DBS as a treatment for Parkinson's disease and may lead to future applications of DBS.

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Full Description

This study will be conducted in the operating rooms at Duke University Medical Center, Emory University Hospital, University of Florida Shands Hospital or the UF Health Florida Surgical Center. The study will be performed during surgery on subjects who are undergoing implantation of the deep brain stimulation (DBS) system, or on subjects who are receiving surgical replacement of the implanted pulse generator (IPG) due to depleted batteries.

Subjects will receive temporary sterile extensions to the DBS electrode. These temporary extensions will connect to a stimulation and recording system and allow recording of neural activity. Over the course of ~45 minutes different non-regular temporal patterns of stimulation will be delivered unilaterally and the effects on neural activity and movement disorder symptoms will be measured. The stimulus waveform will be a charge-balanced biphasic pulse, with charge restricted to values below the limit set by the DBS IPG manufacturer, 30 μC/cm². After the study is completed, the temporary extensions will be removed, and the ordinary clinical conduct of the procedure will continue for treatment of the patient's movement disorder.

Tremor will be measured using an accelerometer in subjects with essential tremor (ET), multiple sclerosis (MS) and tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). Bradykinesia will be measured using a finger-tapping task on a computer mouse in subjects with Parkinson's disease who do not have dominant tremor symptoms. Subjects will be familiarized with the motor symptom evaluation tasks before surgery, and baseline measurements of tremor or bradykinesia may be recorded. Further, they may be asked to discontinue use of anti-parkinsonian and/or anti-tremor medications overnight prior to the study, to reduce variability of motor symptoms due to the time course of medications.

No general anesthesia will be given to subjects during surgery, and the procedure will be performed under local anesthesia to allow subjects to perform the tasks required in this study. Further, no sedation will be given to subjects receiving a replacement IPG, which can cause minor discomfort or anxiety in some patients. Subjects undergoing surgery for electrode implantation will receive monitored anesthesia care (MAC), in which sedation will be administered as needed, such that subjects are still responsive and pathological motor symptoms (tremor or bradykinesia) are present.

Following surgery, the subject's pre-operative MRI and post-operative high-resolution CT scans may be used to determine the location of DBS electrode contacts within the brain. However, participation in the study will not modify imaging procedures needed for standard care, and placement of the electrode during DBS implant surgery will not be altered by the research study.

There will be no additional costs to subjects as a result of being in this study. Additional operating room costs will be covered by institutional and/or grant resources.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease (PD), Essential Tremor (ET) dystonia or Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Scheduled to undergo Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) electrode implant, IPG implant or implanted pulse generator (IPG) replacement surgery
Neurologically stable
Able to understand the study and consent form

Exclusion Criteria:

Inability to execute the motor tasks during the study
Inability to tolerate withholding anti-parkinsonian and/or anti-tremor medications
Clinically ineffective DBS

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Estimated Enrollment:

180

Study ID:

NCT02553525

Recruitment Status:

Enrolling by invitation

Sponsor:

Duke University

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There are 3 Locations for this study

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University of Florida
Gainesville Florida, 32610, United States
Emory University
Atlanta Georgia, 30322, United States
Duke University
Durham North Carolina, 27708, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Estimated Enrollment:

180

Study ID:

NCT02553525

Recruitment Status:

Enrolling by invitation

Sponsor:


Duke University

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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