Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Trial

Short-Term Effects of Medicinal Cannabis Therapy on Spasticity in Multiple Sclerosis

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not smoked marijuana improves spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis.

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Full Description

Studies of cannabinoids for spasticity in MS have had mixed results but clinical studies have been small, generally not properly controlled, with results controversial, and difficult to interpret. Recently, investigators in the UK and US tested the ability of cannabinoids to control spasticity and tremor symptoms of the MS-like disease, experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, in mice (Baker et al, 2000). The authors found that four different cannabinoids quantitatively ameliorated both tremor and spasticity in diseased mice; thus providing rationale for patients' reports of the therapeutic effects of cannabis in the control of their MS symptoms.

The present study will be a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design of 30 patients who will be assessed before and after treatment for 3 consecutive days (Phase I), undergo washout-out for a total of 11 days, and then cross over to either the placebo or active treatment phase (Phase II), depending on what they received during Phase I. At each study visit, patients will utilize a controlled puff procedure to help ensure stable intake (Levin et al, 1989).

Comparisons: A single dose of 4% THC marijuana cigarette each day for 3 days will be compared to a placebo administered under the same dosing conditions for the relief of spasticity, drug tolerability, and changes in global functioning and quality of life indices.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Clinically definite or probable, laboratory-supported MS
Complaints of spasticity and at least moderate increase in tone as evidenced by a score of >= 2 on the Modified Ashworth Scale at either the elbow, hip, or knee
If on disease-modifying therapy ("ABC"), have been on a stable dose for at least six months
Fluent in English
If not cannabis-naive, must refrain from smoking cannabis for two weeks prior to screening (confirmed by urinalysis)
If on either lioresal (Baclofen) or tizanadine (Zanaflex), have been on a stable dose for at least three months
>=18 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

Axis I psychiatric disorder especially depression or significant neurological disease other than MS as determined by the PI
Recent history of active substance abuse defined as daily use for at least 14 days within the past month
Drug use restrictions, eg, subjects on probation or parole, employment involving high risk to themselves and/or the public (airline pilot, bus driver, etc.)
Any unstable medical health problem
Any known pulmonary disorders, including tuberculosis, asthma, or COPD
Pregnant or nursing
Require benzodiazepines to control spasticity
Require high doses of analgesic medications on a daily basis

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

30

Study ID:

NCT00248378

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research

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There is 1 Location for this study

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UC San Diego Medical Center
San Diego California, 92093, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

30

Study ID:

NCT00248378

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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