Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Trial
Study to Assess the Efficacy of Mayzent on Microglia in Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
To assess the efficacy of Mayzent on microglia pathology in patients with active SPMS, as compared to the active control group of MS patients treated with the Ocrevus, as measured by changes in microglial activation in the lesional and non-lesional NAWM and NAGM and in the peri-plaque area of chronic lesions in the brain.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is primarily a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS), but many patients also undergo progressive atrophy, especially in the gray matter (GM). GM atrophy plays a particularly prominent role in development of cognitive and physical disability in MS. Evidence is mounting that there is a profound infiltration of activated microglia and blood-borne macrophages throughout the lesions, whereas in slowly expanding (smoldering) or chronic active expanding lesions, the microglia and macrophages are concentrated as a dense rim around the lesions. Microglia is also activated, in a more diffuse way, in the white matter (WM) and GM with concomitant axonal degeneration and meningeal inflammation. Thus, chronic activation of microglia has been linked to neurodegeneration in the progressive phase of the disease and development of brain atrophy.
No longitudinal studies in MS examined the association between development of microglia-related pathology in patients treated with siponimod (Mayzent®). This will be the first study to examine the treatment effect of Mayzent on microglia in MS.
Patients diagnosed with active SPMS according to the Lublin 2014 criteria. Activity is determined by MRI activity (contrast-enhancing lesions; new and unequivocally enlarging T2 lesions) and/or clinical relapses in the 24 months prior to the study baseline. If the clinical MRI is not available to determine the activity (contrast-enhancing lesions; new and unequivocally enlarging T2 lesions), then a screening MRI will be offered to the subjects to determine inclusion/exclusion criteria eligibility.
Age between 18 and 60 years
Have EDSS scores between 3.0 and 6.5
Treatment naïve to both Mayzent and to Ocrevus
Not being on S1P modulators or B-cell therapies for the last 9 months
Subjects starting treatment as part of their clinical routine
Be willing and able to comply with the study procedures for the duration of the trial
Have given written informed consent and signed Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization before any study-related activities are carried out
Normal kidney functioning (creatinine clearance >59)
No known hypersensitivity reactions to contrast agents
None of the exclusion criteria
Have received treatment within 30 days prior to enrollment with steroids or any other concomitant immunomodulatory therapies
Have received an investigational drug or experimental procedure within the past 30 days
Low affinity (LAB) for the DNA single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the TSPO gene on chromosome 22q13.2, using a TaqMan assay
A CYP2C9*3/*3 genotype
Have experienced myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, TIA, decompensated heart failure requiring hospitalization, or Class III/IV heart failure in the last 6 months
Presence of Mobitz type II second-degree, third-degree AV block, or sick sinus syndrome, unless patient has a functioning pacemaker
Patients with active HBV confirmed by positive results for HBsAg and anti-HBV tests
Conditions that may be associated with iron overload (e.g. hemochromatosis, thalassemia and recent blood transfusions)
Patients with known hypersensitivity to Feraheme® or any of its components or a history of allergic reaction to any intravenous iron product
Women who are pregnant, lactating or of childbearing age who do not consent to approved contraceptive use during the study
Subjects who are scheduled for a routine diagnostic MRI exam in the next 4 weeks
Other warnings and precautions to Mayzent or Ocrevus treatment according to Prescribing Information (PI) will be examined on an individual basis
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There is 1 Location for this study
Buffalo New York, 14203, United States
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