Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
An Early Phase Study of Venetoclax, Lenalidomide, and Rituximab/Hyaluronidase in Slow-Growing Lymphomas That Have Come Back After Treatment or Have Not Responded to Treatment
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of venetoclax when given together with lenalidomide and rituximab hyaluronidase in treating patients with follicular lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma that has come back after treatment (relapsed) or has not responded to treatment (refractory). Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking the action of a protein called Bcl-2, that helps cancer cells survive. Immunotherapy with lenalidomide, may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab and rituximab hyaluronidase, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. The purpose of this research is to determine if the combination of three drugs, venetoclax, lenalidomide, and rituximab hyaluronidase are safe to administer in patients whose low-grade lymphoma (follicular or marginal zone) has come back after initial therapy or was not responsive to initial therapy.
I. To determine the safety (and the recommended phase 2 dose [RP2D]), of the combination of venetoclax, lenalidomide, and rituximab hyaluronidase in patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) follicular lymphoma (FL) and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL).
I. To determine the overall response rate (ORR) with rituximab hyaluronidase, venetoclax, and lenalidomide.
II. To determine the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) with rituximab hyaluronidase, venetoclax, and lenalidomide.
III. To determine the overall survival (OS) following therapy with rituximab hyaluronidase, venetoclax, and lenalidomide.
CORRELATIVE STUDY OBJECTIVES:
I. Describe changes in the level of expression and expression ratio between anti-apoptotic and pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family members before and after therapy with venetoclax/lenalidomide/rituximab hyaluronidase for each patient.
II. Examine the metabolic landscape before and after venetoclax/lenalidomide/rituximab hyaluronidase and their effects on mitochondrial metabolism.
III. Describe the immune effects of venetoclax and its effects on serum cytokines and different immune cell subsets (e.g. B-cells, T-cells, dendritic cells, etc.) in addition to T-cell activation markers and expression of immune checkpoint proteins.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of venetoclax.
Patient receive venetoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Beginning cycle 2, patients receive lenalidomide PO QD on days 1-21. Patients also receive rituximab intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycle 2 and rituximab hyaluronidase (if no significant infusion reaction to rituximab) subcutaneously (SC) on day 1 of cycles 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12. Patients may receive rituximab IV (instead of rituximab hyaluronidase) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycles 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 if the patient requires rituximab IV in the opinion of the treating physician. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then for up to 5 years.
Signed informed consent form
Ability and willingness to comply with the requirements of the study protocol
Able to swallow oral medications whole
Patients must have received at least one prior systemic therapy
Histologically confirmed indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of any of the following subtypes recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) classification: Follicular lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma. Patients with indolent non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (iNHL) should have received at least 1 previous prior therapy
Patients must have an indication for treatment by Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes Folliculaires (GELF) criteria in the opinion of the investigator
Radiographically measurable disease by computed tomography (CT) scan, defined as at least one node > 1.5 cm in size
All study participants must be registered into the mandatory lenalidomide risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS) program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS program
Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the lenalidomide REMS program
Able to take aspirin (81 or 325 mg) daily as prophylactic anticoagulation. Patients intolerant to aspirin (ASA) may use low molecular weight heparin or equivalent. Inability to take any form of prophylaxis excludes participation
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0, 1, or 2
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (unless caused by underlying disease, as established by extensive bone marrow involvement or as a result of hypersplenism secondary to the involvement of the spleen by lymphoma per the investigator)
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.0 x 10^9/L (unless caused by underlying disease, as established by extensive bone marrow involvement or as a result of hypersplenism secondary to the involvement of the spleen by lymphoma per the investigator)
Platelet count >= 75 x 10^9/L (unless caused by underlying disease, as established by extensive bone marrow involvement or as a result of hypersplenism secondary to the involvement of the spleen by lymphoma per the investigator)
International normalized ratio > 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for patients not receiving therapeutic anticoagulation
Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or activated PTT (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN
Creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min, calculated with the use of the 24-hour creatinine clearance or modified Cockcroft-Gault equation
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (or =< 3 x ULN for patients with documented Gilbert syndrome)
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to registration
For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a contraceptive method with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 30 days after the last dose of venetoclax and lenalidomide or 12 months after the last dose of rituximab, whichever is longer * Women must refrain from donating eggs during this same period
* A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (>= 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus) * Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices * The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below: * With female partners of childbearing potential, men must remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of rituximab and for at least 30 days after the last dose of venetoclax and lenalidomide whichever is longer. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period * With pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of rituximab to avoid exposing the embryo * The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs study drugs
Known central nervous system (CNS) involvement by lymphoma
Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant is not permitted if patient is fewer than 4 months from transplant and has either active graft versus host disease or on immunosuppression
History of severe allergic reactions to humanized monoclonal antibodies
Prior use of lenalidomide or venetoclax or other BCL2 family inhibitors; prior rituximab is allowed as long as they continue to express CD20 and are not rituximab refractory as defined as: * Did not respond (at least a partial response [PR]) to rituximab or rituximab (R)-chemoregimen therapy * Time to disease progression < 6 months after last rituximab dose
History of other malignancy that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results * Patients with a history of curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma or stage 1 melanoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix are eligible * Patients with a malignancy that has been treated with surgery alone with curative intent will also be excluded. Individuals in documented remission without treatment for >= 2 years prior to enrollment may be included at the discretion of the investigator
Evidence of significant, uncontrolled concomitant diseases that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results or that could increase risk to the patient, including renal disease that would preclude chemotherapy administration or pulmonary disease (including obstructive pulmonary disease and history of bronchospasm)
Known active bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial, parasitic, or other infection (excluding fungal infections of nail beds) at study enrollment, or any major episode of infection requiring treatment with IV antibiotics or hospitalization (relating to the completion of the course of antibiotics) within 4 weeks prior to registration
Requires the use of warfarin (because of potential drug-drug interactions that may potentially increase the exposure of warfarin)
Received the following agents within 7 days prior to registration: * Steroid therapy for anti-neoplastic intent * Strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors * Strong and moderate CYP3A inducers * Consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges), or star fruit within 3 days prior to the first dose of venetoclax
Clinically significant history of liver disease, including viral or other hepatitis, current alcohol abuse, or cirrhosis Presence of positive test results for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or hepatitis C (HCV) antibody * Patients who are positive for HCV antibody must be negative for HCV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to be eligible for study participation * Patients with occult or prior HBV infection (defined as positive total hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb] and negative HBsAg) may be included if HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is undetectable. These patients must be willing to undergo monthly DNA testing.
Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or human T-cell leukemia virus 1 (HTLV-1)
Receipt of live-virus vaccines within 28 days prior to the initiation of study treatment or need for live-virus vaccines at any time during study treatment
Pregnant or lactating, or intending to become pregnant during the study
Recent major surgery (within 6 weeks prior to the start of cycle 1, day 1) other than for diagnosis
Malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration
Known allergy to both xanthine oxidase inhibitors and rasburicase
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