Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Bendamustine in Combination With Ofatumumab, Carboplatin and Etoposide for Refractory or Relapsed Aggressive B-Cell Lymphomas
The Phase I part of the study will apply to identify dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) and to define maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) for a new chemoimmunotherapy combination of bendamustine, ofatumumab, carboplatin, and etoposide in patients with Non Hodgkin's lymphoma whose disease has progressed or has recurred after prior chemotherapy.
The Phase II part of the study will be a single-arm, open-label study in which all patients will receive combination bendamustine, ofatumumab, carboplatin and etoposide at the MTD dose defined in phase I.
This study hopes to identify a life-prolonging therapy for patients with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma whose disease has progressed or has recurred after prior chemotherapy. The hypothesis is that the proposed combination of chemotherapy is well-tolerated and is efficacious for the treatment of relapsed/refractory aggressive B cell lymphomas.
Fifty percent of patients with aggressive B cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas are expected to relapse after initial standard chemotherapy. There is no standard salvage regimen for patients with relapsed or refractory disease and at least 75% of patients are expected to succumb to their condition with the commonly used therapy. The recent CORAL study was evaluating the most frequently used rescue regimens R-ICE (rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide) vs. R-DHAP (rituximab, dexamethasone, high-dose cytarabine and cisplatin) for relapsed aggressive lymphomas, the overall response (OR) was 83% and 3 year event-free survival (EFS) was 47% for "rituximab naïve" patients. In contrast, OR was 51% and 3 year EFS was only 21% in patients who had relapsed after a rituximab containing regimen. There was no significant difference between R-ICE and R-DHAP (in 3-year EFS or overall survival). This study confirmed that rituximab containing rescue was less effective in those patients who had received prior rituximab. Currently, there is virtually no relapsed B-cell lymphoma patients who had not received a rituximab containing induction; therefore, novel strategies are needed to overcome rituximab resistance and to improve overall poor outcome in the relapsed setting. Ofatumumab is a human IgG1 monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody which binds to different CD20 epitopes and is presumed to destroy B cells that are insensitive to rituximab due to their low CD20-expression due to its higher binding avidity and higher antibody and complement dependent cytotoxicity. It was approved by FDA for the treatment of patients with refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). It is being actively studied in low grade and aggressive CD20 positive lymphomas. Bendamustine is an alkylator/purine analogue hybrid cytotoxic compound that has demonstrated single agent activity in lymphomas refractory to other alkylating agents, such as cyclophosphamide. Weidmann et al (2002) demonstrated single agent activity and safety of bendamustine at the dose of 120mg/m2 (day 1, 2) in relapse/refractory aggressive lymphomas. This study had an ORR of 44% in 18 patients. Non-hematological toxicity was mild (13% grade 3 and 0 grade 4). Bendamustine has shown impressive activity and a favorable safety profile when used in combination with rituximab and other cytotoxic drugs: Weide R et al (2007) studied bendamustine (90 mg/m2 day 1, 2) in combination with rituximab and mitoxantrone in 57 patients' with indolent lymphomas and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). ORR was 92% in follicular and 78% in MCL Vacirca et al presented interim safety analysis of bendamustine (120mg/m2, day 1, 2) and rituximab combination in aggressive B cell lymphomas at 2010 ASCO meeting (in 76 cycles 1 grade 4 neutropenia and 9 additional grade 3 events). Thus, bendamustine combinations are effective and can be given safely in patients with relapsed lymphomas.
The investigators propose a novel R-ICE-like salvage combination regimen in which rituximab is substituted with ofatumumab and ifosfamide with bendamustine in combination with carboplatin and etoposide for refractory or relapsed aggressive B cell lymphomas. The investigators hope to avoid the substantial ifosfamide mediated urinary bladder toxicity (incidence of grade 3 and 4 hemorrhagic cystitis 8-12%) and neurologic toxicity (10-30%: somnolence, confusion, psychosis and seizure) by substituting ifosfamide for bendamustine. The proposed regimen is convenient and can be administered on the outpatient basis which presents an additional benefit to the patients and to the providers. The investigators propose a phase I/II clinical trial and will first determine safety and toxicity of escalating dose bendamustine in combination with fixed doses of ofatumumab, carboplatin and etoposide. The investigators recognize that the commonly used doses of bendamustine in lymphoid malignancies range from 70-120 mg/m2. The investigators will determine maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of the combination by using dose escalation of bendamustine from 70mg/m2 in a standard 3 by 3 design. The investigators will then assess efficacy of the combination regimen in relapsed and refractory aggressive B-cell lymphomas.
Age 18 and above
Patients with histologically confirmed DLBCL, including primary mediastinal large B cell lymphoma, T cell rich B cell lymphoma, "double hit" DLBCL, mantle cell lymphoma, any transformed low grade B cell lymphomas or grade 3 follicular lymphoma (Grade 3a or 3b) who were refractory to RCHOP-like or any anthracycline based chemotherapy or relapsed after at least one prior combination chemotherapeutic regimen and who are deemed candidates for a salvage type chemotherapy.
Progressive disease after a CR for at least 28 days. Progression will be defined according to the Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma (Cheson 2007 (33)).
Refractory disease (Subjects must meet one of the following criteria):
Persistent or progressive lymphoma with a CR of <28 days duration or with a PR of any duration. Subjects must have received at least 3 cycles of RCHOP-like or any anthracycline base chemotherapy or at least 2 full cycles of HyperCVAD-like chemotherapy.
Persistent lymphoma and stable disease after at least 2 cycles of RCHOP-like or any anthracycline base chemotherapy or at least 1 full cycle of HyperCVAD-like chemotherapy (part A and B).
Progressive disease despite at least 1 cycle of RCHOP-like or any anthracycline base chemotherapy or at least 1 cycle (part A or A and B) of HyperCVAD-like chemotherapy.
Measurable disease, defined by the revised lymphoma criteria (Cheson 2007).
Absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500 and platelet count ≥ 75,000, unless due to underlying lymphoma.
Left ventricular ejection fraction estimated by MUGA scan or 2D-echocardiogram of at least 45% Cardiology consult is recommended prior to enrollment if a history of coronary artery disease, CHF with estimated LVEF of <50% or clinically significant arrhythmia.
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) must be ≥ 50 mL/min
Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) unless deemed elevated secondary to lymphoma involvement of the liver or known Gilbert's syndrome.
Aspartate transaminase (AST)/alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN; unless elevated secondary to lymphoma involvement of the liver
Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 × ULN; unless elevated secondary to lymphoma involvement of the liver.
Performance status of ECOG 0-2.
Both potentially AutoSCT or AlloSCT candidates and those who are not transplant candidates are eligible for the study.
Capable of understanding the investigational nature, potential risks and benefits of the study, and able to provide valid informed consent and HIPAA consent.
Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 3 days prior to enrollment.
Male and female patients of reproductive potential must use an effective contraceptive method during the study and for a minimum of 1 year after the after study treatment.
Must be able to comply with study and follow up requirements.
Current concomitant chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy other than as specified in the protocol.
Use of investigational agents within 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
Any anticancer therapy within 3 weeks before study entry. The patient must have recovered from all acute toxicities from any previous therapy.
Radioimmunotherapy (i.e. Zevalin) within 8 weeks of enrollment.
Prior treatment with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody or alemtuzumab within 4 weeks prior to start of therapy.
Autologous stem cell rescue within 12 weeks before study enrollment or those who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplant within one year of enrolment.
Known leptomeningeal or parenchymal brain involvement with lymphoma unless in complete remission after treatment for at least 12 weeks with negative CSF cytology within 2 weeks. Prophylaxis of CNS disease using intrathecal dosing of cytotoxic regimens is permitted and should be performed according to the discretion of the treating physician.
History of serious organ dysfunction or disease involving the heart, kidney, liver or other organ system that may place the patient at undue risk to undergo treatment.
Systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection if not controlled. Defined as exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection and without improvement, despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment. (May be enrolled if controlled on treatment).
Significant concurrent disease, illness, or psychiatric disorder that would compromise patient safety or compliance, interfere with consent, study participation, follow up, or interpretation of study results.
Subjects who have current active hepatic or biliary disease (with exception of patients with Gilbert's syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, liver metastases or stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment)
History of significant cerebrovascular disease in the past 6 months or ongoing event with active symptoms.
Clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction within six months prior to randomization, congestive heart failure (NYHA III-IV), and arrhythmia unless controlled by therapy, with the exception of extrasystoles or minor conduction abnormalities.
Other malignancy, unless the patient has been disease-free for at least 3 years following the completion of curative intent therapy, with the following exceptions: treated non-melanoma skin cancer, any in situ carcinoma, or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, regardless of the disease-free duration, are eligible for this study if definitive treatment for the condition has been completed. Organ-confined prostate cancer with no evidence of recurrent or progressive disease based on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values are also eligible for this study if hormonal therapy has been initiated, or radical prostatectomy or definitive prostate irradiation has been performed.
Positive test for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), unless undetectable viral load within 3 months of enrollment (HIV RNA less than 48 copies/mL) on HAART therapy.
Positive serology for Hepatitis B (HB) defined as a positive test for HBsAg. . Patients with prior history of Hepatitis B infection, but immune, with only IgG Hepatitis core antibody + (HBcAb +) must be checked for hepatitis B virus titers by PCR and if the viral load is undetectable may be enrolled. These patients must receive anti-viral prophylaxis, such as lamivudine 100 mg po daily (or an equivalent) starting at least one week prior to cycle 1 and continued through the completion of treatment and for 9 months after the last dose of ofatumumab. Hepatitis B virus titers by quantitative PCR and HBsAg should be checked every month (+/- 1 week) while on therapy and every 3 months (+/- 1 month) thereafter for 9 months after the last ofatumumab dose. In the event of an early termination of the clinical trial for any reason, a treating physician will be determining the frequency and the length of follow up studies of hepatitis B virus titers and HBsAg status. It is recommended that the patient remains on prophylactic lamivudine or an equivalent, as above, regardless of whether the study was continued or terminated. In addition, if appropriate consultation with a hepatologist should be obtained.
Positive serology for hepatitis C (HC) defined as a positive test for HCAb if confirmed by HC RIBA immunoblot assay (for positive HCAb reflexively perform a HC RIBA immunoblot assay on the same sample)
Pregnant or lactating women.
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There is 1 Location for this study
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19107, United States
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