Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Genetically Engineered Cells (Anti-CD19/CD20/CD22 CAR T-cells) for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoid Malignancies
This phase I trial tests the safety, side effects and best infusion dose of genetically engineered cells called anti-CD19/CD20/CD22 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells following a short course of chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine in treating patients with lymphoid cancers (malignancies) that have come back (recurrent) or do not respond to treatment (refractory). Lymphoid malignancies eligible for this trial are: non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and B-prolymphocytic leukemia (B-PLL). T-cells (a type of white blood cell) form part of the body's immune system. CAR-T is a type of cell therapy that is used with gene-based therapies. CAR T-cells are made by taking a patient's own T-cells and genetically modifying them with a virus so that they are recognized by a group of proteins called CD19/CD20/CD22 which are found on the surface of cancer cells. Anti-CD19/CD20/CD22 CAR T-cells can recognize CD19/CD20/CD22, bind to the cancer cells and kill them. Giving combination chemotherapy helps prepare the body before CAR T-cell therapy. Giving CAR-T after cyclophosphamide and fludarabine may kill more tumor cells.
I. To determine the safety of the treatment of relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma, relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia, refractory B-prolymphocytic leukemia and relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia with chimeric antigen receptor T cells targeting CD19/20/22 and to find the recommended phase II dose for this cellular therapy.
I. To describe the safety profile of the infusion of CAR-T cells targeting CD19/20/22 in relapsed/refractory Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia, refractory B-prolymphocytic leukemia and in relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
II. To describe the toxicities related to infusion of CAR-T cells targeting CD19/20/22.
III. To describe the overall response rate and complete response rate of relapsed B cell malignancies treated with CAR-T cells targeting CD19/20/22.
IV. To describe the overall and progression free survival of patients with relapsed lymphoma, CLL, B-PLL and ALL treated with anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cells.
I. To describe the persistence of anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cells, measured by flow cytometry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).
II. To describe the T cell subpopulations of the anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cell product before infusion.
III. To describe the changes in anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cells after infusion and their correlation with disease response and adverse events.
IV. To investigate the correlation between changes in cytokine plasma concentrations and changes in anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cell subpopulations over time.
V. To investigate proteomic changes in anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cell subpopulations over time.
VI.To investigate whether antigen escape occurs in patients treated with anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T.
OUTLINE: This is a phase I dose-escalation study of anti-CD19/CD20/CD22 CAR-T cells. Patients with NHL with lesions =< 5 cm, indolent lymphomas, CLL (without Richter's transformation), or B-PLL are assigned to Cohort A. Patients with ALL, CLL (with Richter's transformation), NHL with lesions > 5 cm and/or lymphoblastic lymphoma, or NHL with circulating lymphoma cells are assigned to Cohort B.
LYMPHODEPLETIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day -6 and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -3 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
CAR T-CELL THERAPY: Patients receive anti-CD19/CD20/CD22 CAR-T cells IV over 5-30 minutes on day 0.
LYMPHODEPLETIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on day -6 and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -3 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
CAR T-CELL THERAPY: Patients receive anti-CD19/CD20/CD22 CAR-T cells IV over 5-30 minutes on day 0 and 7.
After completion of study treatment, patients in Cohort A are followed up on days 1-7, 14, 21, 30, 60, 90, at months 6, 24, 36, 48, and 60, and then annually for 6-15 years. Patients in Cohort B are followed up on days 9, 14, 21, 30, 60, 90, at months 6, 24, 36, 48, and 60, and then annually for 6-15 years.
Subjects must have relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma with lesions =< 5 cm, indolent lymphomas, chronic lymphocytic leukemia without Richter's transformation, or B-prolymphocytic leukemia (Cohort A) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia with Richter's transformation, non-Hodgkin lymphoma with lesions > 5 cm and/or lymphoblastic lymphoma, or non-Hodgkin lymphoma with circulating lymphoma cells (Cohort B). Subjects must have been treated with at least two lines of therapy. Disease must have either progressed after the last regimen or presented failure to achieve complete remission with the last regimen. B-PLL is defined as having greater than 55% prolymphocytes in the peripheral blood
Subjects with relapsed/refractory CLL after at least 2 prior lines of appropriate therapy and must have previously received an approved BTK inhibitor and venetoclax
Subjects with refractory high-grade B-cell lymphoma who relapse within 12 months of autologous stem cell transplant
Subjects with relapsed/refractory B-prolymphocytic leukemia who received at least 1- 2 prior lines of appropriate therapy and who have failed or are ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplant
Subjects with relapsed/refractory acute B-lymphoblastic leukemia who received at least 2 prior lines of appropriate therapy or who have failed or are ineligible for allogeneic stem cell transplant.
The patient's lymphoid malignancy must be positive for CD19 and/or CD20 and/or CD22, either by immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry analysis on the last biopsy available or peripheral blood for circulating disease.
Patients who received blinatumomab or inotuzumab are eligible.
Age >= 18 years
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2. For patients < 16 years, Performance score Lansky >= 50
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 3 X institutional upper limit of normal
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 X institutional upper limit of normal
Creatinine clearance more than or equal to 50 ml/min calculated by the Cockcroft - Gault formula
Subjects must have adequate pulmonary function as defined as pulse oximetry >= 92% on room air
Subjects must have adequate cardiac function as defined as left ventricular ejection fraction >= 40% in the most recent echocardiogram
Absolute lymphocyte count > 100/uL
Subjects (or legal guardians) must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a contraceptive method with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the Anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cell infusion
A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (< 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus). Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptive s that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices
The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm
With female partners of childbearing potential, men must remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the Anti-CD19/20/22 CAR-T cell infusion. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period
With pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the human anti-CD19 CAR-T cell infusion to avoid potential embryonal or fetal exposure. The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
Autologous transplant within 6 weeks of planned CAR-T cell infusion
Allogeneic stem cell transplant or donor lymphocyte infusion within 2 months of planned CAR-T cell infusion and patients must be off immunosuppressive agents. Patients with live vaccines given 28 days prior to lymphodepletion (LD) chemotherapy will be excluded
Active graft versus host disease
Active central nervous system or meningeal involvement by lymphoma or leukemia. Subjects with untreated brain metastases/central nervous system (CNS) disease will be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. Patients with a history of CNS or meningeal involvement must be in a documented remission by CSF evaluation and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging for at least 90 days prior to registration
Active malignancy, other than non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ (e.g.cervix, bladder, breast). Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial (e.g.
Low Gleason score prostate Cancer)
A minimum of 28 days must have elapsed between prior treatment with investigational agent(s) and the day of lymphocyte collection
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive patients are allowable, however must be on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of enrollment to be eligible for this trial
Subjects with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, pulmonary abnormalities or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant or breastfeeding women are excluded from this study because CAR-T cell therapy may be associated with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test. Because there is an unknown, but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with CAR-T cells, breastfeeding should be discontinued. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
Evidence of myelodysplasia or cytogenetic abnormality indicative of myelodysplasia on any bone marrow biopsy prior to initiation of therapy
Patients with a positive hepatitis B core antibody or surface antigen are at high risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV) reaction and will require entecavir/tenofivir prophylaxis or serial hepatitis B (Hep B) PCR monitoring at the direction of an infectious disease specialist. Duration of prophylaxis to correspond with detection of Anti-CD19/20/22 CAR T cells/viral vector copies in serum or continued evidence of B-cell aplasia such as reduced intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIG) levels. No antiviral prophylaxis is indicated with hepatitis C positivity with negative PCR
Patients with history of clinically relevant CNS pathology such as epilepsy, seizure disorders, paresis, aphasia, uncontrolled cerebrovascular disease, severe brain injuries, dementia and Parkinson's disease
History of autoimmune disease (i.e. rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus) with requirement of immunosuppressive medication within 6 months
Live vaccines given in 28 days prior to lymphodepleting chemotherapy
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