Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Polatuzumab Vedotin, Venetoclax, and Rituximab and Hyaluronidase Human for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma
This phase II trial studies the effect of polatuzumab vedotin, venetoclax, and rituximab and hyaluronidase human in treating patients with mantle cell lymphoma that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Polatuzumab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, polatuzumab, linked to a toxic agent called vedotin. Polatuzumab attaches to CD79B positive cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking Bcl-2, a protein needed for cell growth. Rituximab hyaluronidase is a combination of rituximab and hyaluronidase. Rituximab binds to a molecule called CD20, which is found on B cells (a type of white blood cell) and some types of cancer cells. This may help the immune system kill cancer cells. Hyaluronidase allows rituximab to be given by injection under the skin. Giving rituximab and hyaluronidase by injection under the skin is faster than giving rituximab alone by infusion into the blood. Giving polatuzumab vedotin, venetoclax, and rituximab and hyaluronidase human may work better than standard therapy in treating patients with mantle cell lymphoma.
I. To evaluate the end of induction (EOI) complete response rate (CR) for treatment with the regimen of rituximab and hyaluronidase human + polatuzumab vedotin + venetoclax (RSc + Pola + Ven) in relapsed/refractory mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).
I. To evaluate the EOI overall response rate (ORR) for the combination of RSc + Pola + Ven in relapsed/refractory MCL.
II. To evaluate the best response (CR, partial response [PR]) in patients who continue on to maintenance therapy and evaluate the improvement in the depth of response.
III. To evaluate the progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for the combination of RSc + Pola + Ven) in relapsed/ refractory MCL.
IV. To compare the ORR, CR, PFS, and OS in ibrutinib refractory compared to ibrutinib naive patients.
V. To evaluate regimen-related toxicity for patients treated with RSc + Pola + Ven.
CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:
I. To evaluate changes in minimal residual disease (MRD) status in both responding and non-responding patients at EOI and end of maintenance and compared to baseline as well as correlate MRD status with PFS and OS.
II. To evaluate changes in systemic immune profiles and T cell activation induced by treatment with RSc + Pola + Ven.
III. To evaluate the prognostic importance of high risk cytogenetic alterations, and other risk stratification scores in patients with relapsed/refractory MCL receiving RSc + Pola + Ven.
IV. To evaluate features of the tumor microenvironment in patients with relapsed/refractory MCL receiving RSc +Pola+Ven.
V. To evaluate molecular features associated with response in PDX models from patients with relapsed/refractory MCL receiving RSc +Pola+Ven.
INDUCTION: Patients receive rituximab intravenously (IV) on day 1 of cycle 1 and rituximab and hyaluronidase human subcutaneously (SC) over 5 minutes on day 1 of cycles 2-6. Patients also receive polatuzumab vedotin IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and venetoclax orally (PO) daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
MAINTENANCE: Patients receive venetoclax PO daily on days 1-21 and rituximab and hyaluronidase human SC over 5 minutes every 60 days for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 90 days for up to 5 years.
Age >= 18 years
Pathologically confirmed relapsed or primary refractory mantle cell lymphoma with concurrent or prior tissue sample immunohistochemistry (IHC) positive for cyclin D1 or that is positive for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or cytogenetics for t(11;14)
NOTE: Safety Portion only: MCL or indolent B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), follicular lymphoma (FL) (grades I-IIIa), marginal-zone lymphoma (MZL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) stratified as low risk for tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), relapsed or progressed after at least two lines of therapy, or one line of a BTK inhibitor containing therapy, or Autologous Stem Cell Transplant (AutoSCT). No limit to prior lines of therapy
NOTE: Expansion Portion only: MCL relapsed or progressed after at least two lines of therapy, or one line of a BTK inhibitor containing therapy, or Autologous Stem Cell Transplant (AutoSCT). No limit to number of prior therapies. May have received prior BTK inhibitor therapy
Measurable disease as defined with at least one lesion measuring >= 1 x 1.5 cm by positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) using Lugano criteria
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
International normalized ratio =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for patients not receiving therapeutic anticoagulation (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or activated PTT (aPTT) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Total bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN (or =< 3 x ULN for patients with documented Gilbert syndrome) (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Calculated creatinine (Cr) clearance >= 45 ml/min using the modified Cockcroft-Gault formula (obtained =< 14 days prior to registration)
Negative serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
NOTE: A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who:
Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e. has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months)
Able to provide informed written consent, and ability to comply with study related procedures
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study)
Willing to provide tissue samples for mandatory correlative research
For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a contraceptive method with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 30 days after the last dose of venetoclax or 18 months after the last dose of rituximab and hyaluronidase human, whichever is longer. For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:
With female partners of childbearing potential, men must remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period.
With pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose to avoid exposing the embryo
Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:
Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Receiving any other investigational or chemotherapeutic agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
Known CD20-negative status at relapse or progression
Prior allogeneic SCT
Completion of autologous SCT =< 100 days prior to registration
Treatment with radioimmunoconjugate =< 12 weeks prior to registration
Monoclonal antibody or antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) therapy within 5 half-lives or 4 weeks prior to registration, whichever is longer
Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or targeted small-molecule therapy within 2 weeks prior to registration (with the exception of ibrutinib to prevent tumor flare, patients taking ibrutinib who are progressing must discontinue ibrutinib 2 half-lives or 2 days prior to initiating protocol therapy)
Clinically significant toxicity (other than alopecia) from prior therapy that has not resolved to grade =< 2 (per National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v]5.0) prior to registration
Current grade > 1 peripheral neuropathy
Any history of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma or leptomeningeal infiltration
Treatment with systemic corticosteroids > 20 mg/day prednisone or equivalent Patients who are receiving corticosteroids =< 20 mg/day, prednisone or equivalent, for non-lymphoma treatment reasons must be documented to be on a stable dose for >= 4 weeks prior to registration. If corticosteroid treatment is urgently required for lymphoma symptom control prior to the start of study treatment, up to 100 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent can be given for a maximum of 5 days, but all tumor assessments must be completed prior to start of corticosteroid treatment
History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reaction or known sensitivity to humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies rituximab, polatuzumab vedotin, or venetoclax
Active bacterial, viral, fungal, or other infection
Requirement for warfarin treatment (because of potential drug-drug interactions [DDIs] that may increase the exposure of warfarin)
Treatment with the following agents =< 7 days prior to registration
Strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors such as fluconazole, ketoconazole, and clarithromycin
Strong and moderate CYP3A inducers such as rifampin and carbamazepine. If subject is taking proton pump inhibitors, subject is willing to avoid co-administration and stagger venetoclax dosing
Consumption of grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade that contains Seville oranges), or star fruit =< 3 days prior to registration
Clinically significant history of liver disease, including viral or other hepatitis, current alcohol abuse, or cirrhosis
Active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection
NOTE: Patients who have been successfully treated and cleared their virus as evidenced by a negative hepatitis (Hep) B or Hep C polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are eligible
Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive status or known infection with human T-cell leukemia virus 1. For patients with unknown HIV status, HIV testing will be performed at screening
History of PML (progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy)
Vaccination with a live virus vaccine =< 28 days prior to registration
History of other malignancy that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results, with the exception of the following: curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, good-prognosis ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast, basal- or squamous-cell skin cancer, stage I melanoma, or low-grade, early-stage localized prostate cancer
Any previously treated malignancy that has been in remission without treatment for =< 3 years prior to registration
Evidence of any significant, uncontrolled concomitant disease that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results, including significant cardiovascular disease (such as New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease, myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months, unstable arrhythmia, or unstable angina) or significant pulmonary disease (such as obstructive pulmonary disease or history of bronchospasm)
Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis =< 28 days prior to day 1 of cycle 1, or anticipation of a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills
History of malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral absorption
History of inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis) or active bowel inflammation (e.g., diverticulitis)
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There are 6 Locations for this study
Urbana Illinois, 61801, United States
Sioux City Iowa, 51101, United States
Ann Arbor Michigan, 48106, United States
Saint Louis Missouri, 63110, United States
New York New York, 10016, United States
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19104, United States
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