Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Testing A New Anti-cancer Drug Combination, Entinostat and ZEN003694, for Advanced and Refractory Solid Tumors and Lymphomas
This phase I/II trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of entinostat and ZEN003694 in treating patients with solid tumors or lymphoma that has spread to other places in the body (advanced) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Entinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is in a class of drugs called histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor. ZEN003694 is an inhibitor of a family of proteins called the bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET). ZEN003694 may prevent the growth of tumor cells that produce high levels of BET protein. This trial aims to test the safety of combination therapy with entinostat and ZEN003694 in treating patients with advanced or refractory solid tumors or lymphoma.
I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of BET bromodomain inhibitor ZEN-3694 (ZEN003694) and entinostat in combination in patients with advanced and refractory solid tumors and lymphomas based on dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) of the combination of ZEN003694 and entinostat. (Phase I) II. To determine the overall response rate (ORR) of ZEN003694 and entinostat in advanced/progressive pancreatic cancer. (Phase II)
I. To describe the safety profile of ZEN003694 and entinostat in advanced and refractory solid tumors and lymphomas. (Phase I) II. To determine the progression-free survival (PFS), duration of response (DOR), and overall survival (OS) of ZEN003694 and entinostat in this patient population. (Phase I) III. To describe the safety profile of ZEN003694 and entinostat in advanced/progressive pancreatic cancer. (Phase II) IV. To determine the progression-free survival (PFS), duration of response (DOR), and overall survival (OS) of ZEN003694 and entinostat in this patient population. (Phase II) V. To assess the effect of ZEN003694 and entinostat therapy on apoptosis, as measured by an apoptosis multiplex immunoassay. (Phase I & II)
I. To assess the effect of ZEN003694 and entinostat therapy on c-MYC and YAP1 as measured by apoptosis immunofluorescence assay.
II. To assess the effect of ZEN003694 and entinostat therapy on c-MYC and YAP1 as measured by ribonucleic acid (RNA) and protein expression.
III. To assess the effect of ZEN003694 and entinostat therapy on tumor burden and gene expression patterns as measured by whole exome sequencing (WES) and RNA sequencing (RNASeq) on circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (ctDNA) specimens.
OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of ZEN003694 in combination with entinostat followed by a phase II study.
PHASE I RUN-IN PERIOD: Patients receive ZEN003694 orally (PO) once daily (QD) during days -14 to 1. Patients also undergo core needle biopsy within 30 days prior to starting therapy.
PHASE II RUN-IN PERIOD: Patients receive ZEN003694 PO QD or entinostat PO once per week (QW) during days -14 to 1 based on the order to which they are enrolled to the study (e.g. every other patient starts by taking ZEN003694 alone for 14 days). Patients also undergo core needle biopsy within 30 days prior to starting therapy.
PHASE I & II COMBINATION TREATMENT: Patients receive entinostat PO QW on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, and ZEN003694 PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo core needle biopsy on day 1 of cycle 1, and on day 1 of cycle 14.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 30 days.
Patients must have a) advanced or refractory solid tumor or b) lymphoma (all B cell lymphomas and T cell lymphomas other than natural killer [NK]-cell lymphoma) and must meet standard requirements for treatment
For patients in Phase 2: Patients must have locally advanced, unresectable OR metastatic pancreatic cancer refractory to standard therapy
For patients with solid tumors, they must have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria. For patients with lymphoma, they must have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Lymphoma (RECIL) criteria, or Lugano Classification criteria
For patients with solid tumors, they must have received at least one standard of care regimen for metastatic disease. For patients with lymphoma, they should have received at least two previous therapies with at least one combination chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease
Patients with lymphoma must have exhausted or refused potential curative therapy prior to enrolling
Age >= 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of ZEN003694, alone or in combination with entinostat, in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Serum creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test < 1.5 x ULN (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Troponin =< ULN (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Albumin > 2.5 g/dL (measured within 14 days prior to administration of study treatment)
Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if follow-up brain imaging at least 4 weeks after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression
Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
Patients should be New York Heart Association Functional Classification of class 2B or better
Patients must be able to swallow and retain orally administered medication
Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days of starting treatment
The effects of entinostat and ZEN003694 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) and BET inhibitor (BETi) agents are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and their male partner must agree to use contraception from the time of the screening pregnancy test, continuing for the duration of study participation, and for 3 months after completing the study treatment
Patients must have tumors determined to be easily accessible for biopsy and must be willing to have serial biopsies. Tumor biopsies will be performed on the most accessible biopsiable site of disease. All possible precautions to avoid complications will be taken, including discussions in multidisciplinary meetings, if needed. If a biopsy cannot be performed safely (e.g. there is no safely accessible biopsiable tumour tissue) or biopsy does not yield sufficient tissue for analysis, participation is still allowed
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Participants with impaired decision-making capacity who have a legally-authorized representative (LAR) and/or family member available will also be eligible
Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
Patients with lymphoma must not have indolent or asymptomatic disease
Patients who have had any anti-cancer therapy within 14 days (or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of the investigational products
Patients who have received radiation therapy within 21 days prior to the first dose of the investigational products
Patients who have a diagnosis of NK cell lymphoma
Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1) with the exception of alopecia, or stable chronic grade 2 toxicities that do not overlap with presumed toxicities of entinostat or ZEN003694
Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
Patients with known untreated or symptomatic brain or leptomeningeal metastases are excluded. Patients with previously treated CNS metastasis may be included provided that they have stable CNS disease for at least 4 weeks (confirmed by imaging) without symptoms and are off corticosteroids (above physiologic dose) for that indication
Patients with significant malabsorption or nausea and vomiting that would interfere with oral therapies
Patients with bleeding diathesis or clinically significant bleeding within the prior 6 months
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to entinostat (e.g. medications that have a benzamide structure (tiapride, remoxipride, clebopride) or ZEN003694
Patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or strong inducers of CYP3A4 or substrates of CYP1A2 with narrow therapeutic windows are ineligible. Strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 and substrates of CYP1A2 must be discontinued at least 7 days prior to the first dose of ZEN003694. Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated medical reference. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness
Pregnant women are excluded from this study because entinostat is an HDACi and ZEN003694 is a BETi with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with entinostat or ZEN003694, breastfeeding should be discontinued throughout the treatment period and for at least 28 days following the last dose of study treatment if the mother is treated with entinostat or ZEN003694
Patients with any of the following cardiac criteria:
Patients with a corrected QT interval calculated by the Fridericia formula (QTcF) > 450 msec by electrocardiogram (ECG).
Concomitant use of any agent known to cause corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation.
Clinically significant conduction abnormalities or arrhythmias.
Presence of a cardiac pacemaker or defibrillator with a paced ventricular rhythm limiting ECG analysis.
History or evidence of current >= Class II congestive heart failure as defined by New York Heart Association (NYHA).
History of acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina and myocardial infarction), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within the past 6 months. Subjects with a history of stent placement requiring ongoing antithrombotic therapy (e.g. clopidogrel, prasugrel) will not be permitted to enroll. Clinically significant cardiomegaly, ventricular hypertrophy, or cardiomyopathy
Use of oral Factor Xa inhibitors (i.e., rivaroxaban, apixaban, betrixaban, edoxaban otamixaban, letaxaban, eribaxaban) and Factor IIa inhibitors (i.e., dabigatran). Low molecular weight heparin is allowed
Patients with radiation to > 25% of the bone marrow
Patients who have had a bone-targeted radionuclide within 6 weeks of the first dose of ZEN003694
Patients who have previously received ZEN003694 or who have been treated with an HDAC inhibitor or investigational BET inhibitor
Major surgery other than diagnostic surgery, dental surgery or stenting within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of ZEN003694
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There are 3 Locations for this study
New Haven Connecticut, 06520, United States More Info
Gainesville Florida, 32610, United States More Info
Oklahoma City Oklahoma, 73104, United States More Info
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