Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant, Cyclophosphamide, Fludarabine, and Total-Body Irradiation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Disease
This phase II trial studies how well giving an umbilical cord blood transplant together with cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and total-body irradiation (TBI) works in treating patients with hematologic disease. Giving chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, and TBI before a donor umbilical cord blood transplant helps stop the growth of cancer and abnormal cells and helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil after transplant may stop this from happening.
OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM I: Patients receive myeloablative conditioning comprising fludarabine intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -8 to -6, cyclophosphamide IV on days -7 and -6, and undergo high-dose TBI twice daily (BID) on days -4 to -1. Patients then undergo single- or double-unit UCBT on day 0.
ARM II: Patients receive myeloablative conditioning comprising fludarabine IV over 30-60 minutes on days -6 to -2, cyclophosphamide IV on day -6, thiotepa IV over 2-4 hours on days -5 and -4, and middle-intensity TBI once daily (QD) on days -2 and -1. Patients then undergo single- or double-unit UCBT on day 0.
Patients receive GVHD prophylaxis comprising cyclosporine IV over 1 hour every 8 or 12 hours, then cyclosporine orally (PO) (if tolerated), on days -3 to 100 with taper on day 101. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV every 8 hours on days 0 to 7 and then PO (if tolerated) three times daily (TID) on days 8-30. Mycophenolate mofetil is tapered to BID on day 30 or 7 days after engraftment if there is no acute GVHD, and then tapered over 2-3 weeks beginning on day 45 (or 15 days after engraftment if engraftment occurred > day 30) after engraftment if there continues to be no evidence of acute GVHD.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years.
UCB units will be selected according to current umbilical cord blood graft selection algorithm; one or 2 UCB units may be used to achieve the required cell dose
The UCB graft is matched at 4-6 human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A, B, DRB1 antigens with the recipient; this may include 0-2 antigen mismatches at the A or B or DRB1 loci; unit selection based on cryopreserved nucleated cell dose and HLA-A,B, DRB1 using intermediate resolution A, B antigen and DRB1 allele typing
If 2 UCB units are required to reach the target cell dose, each unit must be a 4-6 antigen match to the recipient
Age and Disease Criteria:
High-dose TBI regimen: 6 months to =< 45 years
Middle-intensity TBI regimen: 6 months to =< 65 years
Conditioning regimen selection should be based on the underlying disease, presence of minimum residual disease (MRD), age, co-morbidities, and attending physician
Acute myeloid leukemia, including biphenotypic acute leukemia or mixed-lineage leukemia:
All patients must be in complete remission (CR) as defined by hematologic recovery and < 5% blasts by morphology/flow cytometry in a representative bone marrow sample with cellularity >= 15% for age; patients who do not have high-risk features (for example preceding myelodysplastic syndrome [MDS], high-risk cytogenetics, >= 2 cycles to obtain CR, erythroblastic or megakaryocytic leukemia or >= CR2) must be discussed with the principal investigator (PI) prior to enrollment and at the Patient Care Conference or equivalent group such as the pediatric leukemia board as an alternative
Patients in whom adequate marrow/biopsy specimens cannot be obtained to determine remission status by morphologic assessment, but have fulfilled criteria of remission by flow cytometry, recovery of peripheral blood counts with no circulating blasts, and/or normal cytogenetics (if applicable) may still be eligible; reasonable attempts must be made to obtain an adequate specimen for morphologic assessment, including possible repeat procedures; these patients must be discussed with the PI prior to enrollment; patients persistently aplastic for greater than one month since completing last chemotherapy are also eligible with PI approval
Very high risk pediatric/young adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML): Patients =< 25 years, however, are eligible with (M2 marrow) with =< 25% blasts in marrow after having failed one or more cycles of chemotherapy; this group of patients will be analyzed separately
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, including biphenotypic acute leukemia or mixed-lineage leukemia:
All patients must be in CR as defined by < 5% blasts by morphology; flow cytometry in a representative bone marrow sample with cellularity >= 15% for age; patients who do not have high-risk disease (high risk CR1, greater than one cycle to obtain CR or >= CR2) must be discussed with the PI prior to enrollment and at the Patient Care Conference or equivalent group such as the pediatric leukemia board as an alternative
Patients in whom adequate marrow/biopsy specimens cannot be obtained to determine remission status by morphologic assessment, but have fulfilled criteria of remission by flow cytometry, recovery of peripheral blood counts with no circulating blasts, and/or normal cytogenetics (if applicable) may still be eligible; reasonable attempts must be made to obtain an adequate specimen for morphologic assessment, including possible repeat procedures; these patients must be discussed with the principal investigator Ann Dahlberg prior to enrollment; patients persistently aplastic for greater than one month since completing last chemotherapy are also eligible with PI approval
Chronic myelogenous leukemia excluding refractory blast crisis; to be eligible in first chronic phase (CP1) patient must have failed or be intolerant to imatinib mesylate
Myelodysplasia (MDS) International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) intermediate (Int)-2 or high risk (i.e., refractory anemia with excess blasts [RAEB], RAEB in transformation [RAEBt]) or refractory anemia with severe pancytopenia or high risk cytogenetics; blasts must be < 10% by a representative bone marrow aspirate morphology
Lymphoblastic lymphoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, and other high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) after initial therapy if stage III/IV in first partial response (PR1) or after progression if stage I/II < 1 year; stage III/IV patients are eligible after progression in CR/PR
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia /small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma or follicular lymphoma that have progressed after at least two different prior therapies; patients with bulky disease (nodal mass greater than 5 cm) should be considered for debulking chemotherapy before transplant; these patients must be presented at primary care center (PCC) prior to enrollment, given potential competing eligibility on autotransplant protocols
Mantle-cell lymphoma, prolymphocytic leukemia: Eligible after initial therapy in >= CR1 or >= PR1
Large cell NHL > CR2/> second partial response (PR2):
Patients in CR2/PR2 with initial short remission (< 6 months) are eligible
These patients must be presented at PCC prior to enrollment, given potential competing eligibility on autotransplant protocols
Multiple myeloma beyond PR2: Patients with chromosome 13 abnormalities, first response lasting less than 6 months, or beta-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L, may be considered for this protocol after initial therapy
Performance status score: Karnofsky (for adults) >= 70% or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-1 or Lansky (for children) >= 50%
Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL (for adults) or creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min (for children)
Patients with clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease will be evaluated for the cause of liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function, histology, and the degree of portal hypertension; patients with fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis with evidence of portal hypertension or bridging fibrosis, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, a history of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, or correctable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bacterial or fungal abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dL, and symptomatic biliary disease will be excluded
Diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide corrected (DLCOcorr) > 50% normal or a pediatric patient who is unable to perform pulmonary function tests (PFTs) but has adequate pulmonary function
Left ventricular ejection fraction > 45% or shortening fraction > 26%
Uncontrolled viral or bacterial infection at the time of study enrollment
Active or recent (prior 6 month) invasive fungal infection without interdisciplinary (ID) consult and approval
History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Pregnant or breastfeeding
Chemotherapy refractory large cell and high grade NHL (i.e., progressive disease after > 2 salvage regimens)
Patients with history of prior myeloablative transplant containing full dose TBI (greater than 8 gray [Gy]) will not be eligible for Regimen A; however, they may still enroll on Regimen B if they otherwise meet inclusion and exclusion criteria
Any prior myeloablative transplant within the last 6 months
Patients >= 45 years: comorbidity score of 5 or higher
Patients who have received Y-90 ibritumomab (Zevalin) or I-131 tostumomab (Bexxar), as part of their salvage therapy are not eligible for Regimen A
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There are 3 Locations for this study
Aurora Colorado, 80045, United States
Seattle Washington, 98101, United States
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