Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trial
Niraparib and Selenium for the Treatment of Recurrent BRCA Negative Platinum Resistant Ovarian Cancer
This phase I/II trial tests the safety, side effects and best dose of a combination therapy (niraparib and selenium) in treating patients with BRCA negative ovarian cancer that has come back (recurrent) and does not respond to platinum based therapy (platinum resistant). Selenium is a form of the trace element with potential antineoplastic activity which may help block the formation of growths that may become cancer. Niraparib is in a class of medications called poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors. It works by killing cancer cells and helps maintain the response of certain types of ovarian, fallopian tube and peritoneal cancers. Giving selenium and niraparib may kill more cells in patients with ovarian cancer.
I. To assess the safety, tolerability and feasibility of administering niraparib/selenium combination therapy. (Phase I) II. To determine the anti-tumor activity of niraparib/selenium combination therapy, as assessed by median progression-free survival (PFS). (Phase II) III. To evaluate the tolerability of the combination therapy as assessed by a reduction in nausea, fatigue over historical rates. (Phase II)
I. To evaluate the impact of treatment on quality of life over time, as evaluated by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Ovarian Cancer (FACT-O) scores. (Phase I and Phase II) II. To estimate overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), response duration and time to progression (TTP). (Phase I and Phase II)
I. To evaluate the molecular effects of selenium/niraparib combination therapy in ovarian tumors, as assessed by (Phase I and Phase II):
Ia. Changes in RAD51 foci formation which is a surrogate marker to examine homologous recombination by looking at tumor tissue prior to study and after 2 months of study therapy; Ib. By DNA full exome and RNA sequencing of tumors, protein profiling, prior to study and after 2 months of study therapy; Ic. Changes in RAD51AP1 expression in tumor tissue by Western blot prior to study and after 2 months of study therapy; Id. Changes in the endosomal vesicles (EV) markers in the urine, vaginal secretions, malignant effusions and plasma.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of niraparib and selenium followed by a dose-expansion study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 phases.
Patients receive selenium intravenously (IV) and niraparib orally (PO) on study. Patients also undergo computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), biopsy, and collection of blood samples throughout the trial.
Documented informed consent of the participant and/or legally authorized representative
Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained per institutional guidelines
Agreement to allow the use of archival tissue from biopsy or tissue block cytology obtained at time of last disease recurrence. If biopsy is not possible or patient refuses, the principal investigator (PI) may allow an earlier biopsy to be tested. If unavailable, exceptions may be granted with Study PI approval
Age: >= 18 years
Eastern cooperative oncology group (ECOG) =< 2
Histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer. May not have non epithelial tumors or ovarian tumors with low malignant potential (ie, borderline tumors) or mucinous tumors or small cell carcinoma tumors or low grade serous carcinoma
Recurrent, platinum resistant disease (defined as progression within <6 months from completion of platinum-based therapy. The date should be calculated from the last administered dose of platinum therapy)
Measurable disease per response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) 1.1 or evaluable disease (defined as solid and/or cystic abnormalities on radiographic imaging that do not meet RECIST 1.1 definitions for target lesions OR ascites and/or pleural effusion that has been pathologically demonstrated to be disease related in the setting of CA125 >2x upper limit of normal [ULN])
No more than 4 prior cytotoxic regimens (including primary therapy). Hormonal therapies (tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors) or other prior poly (ADP-Ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors will not count toward the prior regimen limit. Prior PARP inhibotor therapy is allowed
Fully recovered from the acute toxic effects (except alopecia) to =< Grade 1 to prior anti-cancer therapy
MyChoice HRD test should show BRCA wt and no HRD. No deleterious germline BRCA 1/2 mutations are allowed
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3 (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Platelets >= 150,000/mm^3 (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless has Gilbert's disease, when =< 2.0 X ULN is acceptable (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN, unless liver metastases are present, in which case =< 5 x ULN (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN, unless liver metastases are present, in which case =< 5 x ULN (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Serum Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or creatine clearance of >= 60 mL/min per 24 hour urine test or the Cockcroft-Gault formula (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Prothrombin (PT) =< 1.25 x ULN (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP): negative highly sensitive urine or serum pregnancy test (highly sensitive urine test will be required if serum pregnancy test is not available) (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Normal blood pressure or adequately controlled hypertension (performed within 14 days prior to day 1 of protocol therapy unless otherwise stated)
Agreement by subjects of childbearing potential* to use a highly effective method of birth control or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through at least 180 days after the last dose of protocol therapy
Childbearing potential defined as not being surgically sterilized (men and women) or have not been free from menses for > 1 year (women only)
Chemotherapy, biological therapy, immunotherapy within 21 days prior to Day 1 of protocol
Radiation therapy encompassing > 20% of the bone marrow within 2 weeks. Any radiation therapy within 1 week prior to Day 1 therapy
Colony-stimulating factors (e.g. granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, or recombinant erythropoietin within 4 weeks prior to day 1
Receipt of a transfusion (platelets or red blood cells) within 4 weeks of D1
Known Grade 3 or 4 anemia, neutropenia or thrombocytopenia due to prior chemotherapy that persisted > 4 weeks and was related to the most recent treatment
Diagnosis, detection, or treatment of another type of cancer â‰¤ 2 years prior to initiating protocol therapy (except basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical cancer in situ that has been definitively treated
Strong CYP3A4 inducers/ inhibitors within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy
UGT1A1 inhibitors within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy
Herbal medications containing selenium within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy
Vitamin E within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy
Anticoagulants within 14 days prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy or active thromboembolism. The use of ASA or NSAIDS is allowed
Live vaccines within 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment. Seasonal flu vaccines that do not contain live viruses are allowed. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, bacille Calmette Guerin, and typhoid (oral) vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed. Intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-MistÂ®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition (including aluminum) to study agent
Hypersensitivity to any study agent, or its excipients, when administered alone
History of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES)
Issues with tolerating oral medication (e.g. inability to swallow pills, malabsorption issues, ongoing nausea or vomiting)
Clinically significant uncontrolled illness or medical disorder, nonmalignant systemic disease, or active, uncontrolled infection. Examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (90 days) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, or any psychiatric order that prohibits obtaining informed consent
Known history of immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection
Other active malignancy
Females only: Pregnant or breastfeeding
Major surgery (other than debulking or exploratory surgery for ovarian cancer) for any reason within 3 weeks prior to randomization and/or incomplete recovery from surgery
Prior organ transplantation including allogenic stem cell transplantation
Diagnosis of Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Known leptomeningeal disease, carcinomatous meningitis, or radiologic signs of CNS hemorrhage. Known symptomatic brain metastases requiring steroids. Patients with previously diagnosed brain metastases are eligible if they have completed their treatment and have recovered from the acute effects of radiation therapy or surgery prior to study enrollment, have discontinued corticosteroid treatment for these metastases for at least 4 weeks and are neurologically stable
Any other condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns with clinical study procedures
Patients must not have uncontrolled hypertension as defined by systolic blood pressure (SBP) >= 160mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >= 90mmHg; patients whose blood pressure can be controlled medically are allowed to be rescreened once BP is under control
Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There is 1 Location for this study
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.